Goldfish Koi Maintenance

//Goldfish Koi Maintenance

Goldfish Koi Keeping and more

Goldfish Koi keeping is a topic that is widely discussed, and everyone seems to have a different opinion. GFE practices organic methods of fish keeping, and hopes to share the knowledge collected over the years with other fish keepers

Post here to discuss, share or ask questions about the care and maintenance of goldfish and Koi

10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping

By | 2020-08-05T15:12:32-05:00 August 5th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Follow the 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping  Buy the Book 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping offers methods that are founded on many years of experience that have been proven with outstanding results. The theory is simple, by recreating their ancestor’s natural environment, the cold and fast moving rivers of China, our goldfish can and will thrive in an aquarium or pond. Centuries ago, and still today; the Chinese displayed their goldfish in glass bowls much to the delight of their guests, but the goldfish were quickly returned to their ponds after the party was over. This could very well have started the ‘goldfish in a bowl’ tradition, and with dire consequences Goldfish Keeping Even a pond isn’t the goldfish’s natural environment. When we place them in aquariums or small ponds we must go to great lengths to keep them healthy by making certain their water is rich in minerals and oxygen value Something all freshwater fish share is the need for healthy water. If you follow these golden rules, 10 steps goldfish Koi keeping, you will not only create the perfect ecosystem for your goldfish or Koi. They will live up to their full potential in growth and life expectancy. Study each and every critical step thoroughly and learn how to maintain your goldfish or Koi house. Learn everything you can, and your fish will flourish in the natural environment you create, bringing you, your family and friends lasting joy Goldfish Care It will take more than a quick read to understand fully the 10 Steps to goldfish and Koi keeping. Study each and every critical step thoroughly and learn how to maintain your set up. You should never have to perform a 100% water change; never have to disinfect your tank or equipment ever again. Mother Nature knows best 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping You may want to start with the 10 EASY Steps Goldfish Keeping (short version) for the how to. When you're ready, or if you're a quick learner, the full version (see below) offers the how to's and the why for's Step 1 Goldfish Koi House Step 2 Nitrogen Cycle Explained Step 3 Gravel Vacuum substrate Step 4 Freshwater Source Step 5 Water Treatment Step 6 Oxygenating Water Step 7 Pond Pumps Step 8 Water Changes Step 9 Testing Water Parameters Step 10 Feeding Our Fish GLOSSARY of Fish Terms CONVERSIONS Goldfish Anatomy 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping Items recommended 1.   Goldfish house 2.   Fresh water tub 3.   Substrate (natural pea gravel) 4.   Gravel vacuum (python) 5.   Water treatment 6.   Pond pump (sized for goldfish house) 7.   Parameter Test kit 8.   Thermometer If you're a kid or even a kid at heart, have fun coloring, reading stories and learning the Golden Goldfish Rules Be a Goldfish KID The Goldfish Kid Copyright 2007 Author: Brenda Rand

Sea Shells in a Freshwater Tank?

By | 2019-04-01T10:29:35-05:00 July 2nd, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Hello wise and wonderful Venus! Finneas is doing great after your instructions for ammonia/nitrate poisoning. And the use of several of your great products as brought him back to life as usual...thank you thank you! quick question: are sea shells ok for a freshwater tank with my one goldfish? just don't want to upset the apple cart. thank you Tammy

Moving a Nitrate sensitive fish

By | 2019-04-01T13:37:11-05:00 June 18th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues, Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Hello, After having successfully treated my sick fish with you I wanted to ask your advice for moving. I have observed the following sensitivities and requirements for my fish. 1- Roughly 5% of the tank water evaporates every 1-2 days, If I let it evaporate anymore, the fish gets Nitrate shock. 2- If I change more than 5% of the tank water the fish gets Nitrate shock. 3- If I change the water more that 1x a week the fish gets Nitrate shock. 4- My Nitrate water parameters never get above 5ppm in a week time. At this point, I have to do a water change because the GH levels rise to 14-15 drops. So my water parameters weekly test roughly: Nitrate 5.0ppm Nitrite 0ppm Ammonia 0.25 High PH 8.4 KH 11 drops GH 12 drops My water temperature is consistently 66-69 degrees. We now have algae on the walls of the tank. And I am the only one who touches the fish tank. We are moving 5 minutes away into a new house, by the end of June. What is the best way to handle the move for this very sensitive fish?

pH undefined

By | 2020-08-05T08:02:35-05:00 June 11th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Chat, Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

pH undefined as potential of hydrogen pH undefined by the so called experts is one of the most controversial topics in the industry, and the most misunderstood. It always has been and will be in debate, but how does it affect us as fish keepers? A great deal of the information found online has been copied from one fish site to another, leading fish keepers to believe misconceptions on the subject. What is potential of hydrogen? It's known as; a measure of hydrogen ion concentration; a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. Sounds complicated because it is Why we use pH as a measurement in the fish industry is unknown, unnecessary and even dangerous Don't rely on the industry for accurate information. If you read the instruction manual in a master drop test kit, you'll see they refer to pH as being responsible for alkalinity; untrue Most fish keepers test pH regularly, however most of them test in vain, lacking the full understanding of it's meaning. Potential of hydrogen is not actually a parameter, although we could consider it to be the parent of two. Carbonate mineral (KH) and oxygen (O2) make up the value of pH when it comes to fish keeping. Carbonate mineral gives water the power to support the oxygen molecule. Without it, water would be lifeless. This parameter alone is responsible for alkalinity, not pH as a whole, but as a part of it. The misunderstanding comes from the rise in pH when alkalinity is buffered In order to fully understand pH, we must examine both KH and O2 individually Many fish will be poisoned by carbonate mineral because pH tests reveal low levels. Bicarbonate of soda will be used to increase these readings, when all the while, O2, or lack of it is responsible for dragging pH down. Test your freshwater source; pH should be very close to the same as your tank or pond water. Higher pH readings in tap water indicate oxygen levels in the fish house are low Low pH readings in tap water indicate low KH levels; as tap water is always oxygenated. Perhaps your home or your city water is filtered pH undefined It's said that some fish require lower or higher pH readings, although this isn't actually true. What they should say is various kinds of fish need various KH readings according to their origin. Unfortunately, KH requirements are difficult to trace due to this same misunderstanding. In order to estimate your fish's KH comfort zone a little research may be necessary All fish require healthy levels of oxygen, however not all fish take in oxygen from their gills. Beta fish breathe water from the surface, and this is why they're able to tolerate low levels of carbonate minerals in their water. These fish evolved in water low in KH, and can easily tolerate water low in oxygen. This is the very reason why they've developed the ability to take in oxygen from the air above the [...]

Aquarium Pond Water Evaporation

By | 2020-08-05T10:26:42-05:00 June 3rd, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Chat, Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Aquarium pond water evaporation can have dire effect Aquarium pond water evaporation can have a dire effect on carbonate mineral levels in your aquarium or pond. Water evaporates, but the mineral does not. Over time, KH value can increase to dangerous levels. The smaller the body of water, the dryer the climate or season, the greater the risk What does carbonate mineral do? KH gives water the ability to support life. Carbonate mineral alone is responsible for how alkaline or acidic your water is Comfort zone is 120 to 140 ppm A part of pH, KH is a critical parameter that is often overlooked by fish keepers. The parameter pH is a combined reading of oxygen and carbonate mineral. Unfortunately, most fish keepers test pH alone, and use this reading to raise or lower alkalinity, which also can lead to extremely low or high KH levels Symptoms of KH poisoning; fish turning whitish, dorsal fin clamped, fish is hiding or not eating Many of us won't turn our air conditioners on until we just can't stand it any longer. Air conditioners do just that, cool and condition the air, adding to the humidity. If you don't want to cool the entire house with central air, consider adding a small cooling unit to the room your fish are in. Winter time also poses a threat as heaters dry the air, which causes water to evaporate Aquarium pond water evaporation Test KH regularly using the drop method as most KH test strips are unpredictable Water loss pond aquarium To lower concentrated amounts of carbonate mineral value in your fish house, use white vinegar. Pull a quart or a gallon of fish water depending on size of fish house. Use more or less vinegar (one teaspoon to one tablespoon) depending on the difference in readings of your fish house compared to the high end of the zone. Pour all around fish house slowly, mixing with your hand as you do so. Wait for an hour, test KH again. If it's still to high, repeat the process. Do the math. Going under the comfort zone is just as dangerous as going over. Work your way gradually to the desired goal, using more or less vinegar Vinegar is acid, and is a safe and effective means of lowering carbonate mineral value. The neutral zone for alkalinity and acidic measure is 70 ppm. Any reading below the neutral zone is considered as acidic, and will not support life. It's said that the neutral zone is found in pH readings, but this simply isn't true. Potential of hydrogen, pH is a combined reading of carbonate mineral and oxygen levels. It's possible to have high KH readings and low pH readings due to low levels of oxygen KH isn't the only mineral left behind after water evaporates, GH reading can also be affected Made up mostly of magnesium and calcium, GH (general hardness) can also become concentrated due to evaporation, however, most of us have levels far below the comfort [...]

Plants Goldfish Aquarium

By | 2019-04-01T13:41:48-05:00 May 28th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Plants goldfish aquarium benefit the environment Plants goldfish aquarium add to the beauty of the set up as well as benefiting the environment. Green vegetation require light to synthesis nitrates and Co2 from water, their food source. Plants assist in reducing nitrates, creating a safer environment for animal life. You may hear people say they oxygenate the water, but this is a stretch. Carbon dioxide is an atom created from waste. The carbon dioxide atom bonds to oxygen atoms, creating dirty oxygen, or the Co2 molecule. The carbon dioxide molecule is commonly made up of one part Co2 and two parts oxygen. Plants absorb Carbon dioxide molecules during the day, clean them, and release oxygen. This event is very beneficial, however, the carbon dioxide atom is released at night Planted aquarium Plants require Co2 in order to grow and maintain health, although too much carbon dioxide in their environment creates an adverse effect on all living creatures, plants and animals alike In a planted tank with no animals present, Co2 must be added to the environment, but only in low amounts. Co2 should not be added to planted tanks that contain animal life. In fact, where animals are present, the gas should be eliminated by means of a water pump, as it's ever present, being produced constantly Choose plants for your goldfish aquarium or pond that are non toxic, and hardy. Most plants prefer quiet water, while goldfish require water with a great deal of action. This action helps to eliminate Co2, keeping the body of water free, and able to absorb oxygen from the air above the surface Plants in pots may become infected with bad bacteria. Lift and vacuum beneath pots frequently.  Parasites often travel on plants, infecting pet shop aquariums and your fish house as well. Give new plants a salt bath before adding to your fish house. Two tablespoons of aquarium safe salt in one quart of water for five to ten minutes will kill the bad bugs. Rinse with freshwater after the dip For easy care, choose a free floating plant such as duck weed, hyacinth or water lettuce Do plants oxygenate water? Water becomes oxygenated by method of diffusion Plants Goldfish aquarium Just like the animals that live in your fish house, plants have no tolerance for ammonia. Ammonia is a toxin that is also created from waste. This toxin attracts beneficial bacteria; their food source, and is the first toxin to form in the nitrogen cycle; critical to life Some goldfish keepers prefer plastic or silk plants in their aquarium. They're pretty to look at, but add nothing to the ecosystem In order for the environment to support plants and animals, the nitrogen cycle must be complete, meaning only nitrates are present If the plants you add to your set up are edible, your set up completes the circle to aqua life. The fish eat the plants, and create waste. The waste starts the nitrogen cycle that feeds the plants Plants require light Our fish don't require [...]


By | 2019-04-01T13:52:06-05:00 April 12th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues, Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Nematodes are harmless worms Nematodes are harmless, tiny worms that sometimes infect our aquariums or ponds. Even though they benefit the environment by utilizing waste, they're unsightly. These little pests are easily destroyed by dangerous chemicals, however, these same chemicals can destroy our fish as well. Just like all parasite invasions, it's best to eliminate them naturally so as not to harm the fish or their environment A safe and effective remedy Sea Salt and Garlic remedy Simplify your set up before treatment. If you're using sand as a substrate, replace with a thin layer of natural pea gravel. Remove decorations. For best results, water temperature should be at 72f and tank lights should be turned off during treatment. Nematodes prefer darkness and warmer temperatures. If they're hiding or dormant, the treatment won't be as effective To treat: perform 20% daily water changes. Premix one ounce of Garlic and Salt Remedy per 10 gallons of tank water to freshwater before adding to tank. Use water treatment to eliminate chlorine as needed Repeat for three days; wait two to three weeks and repeat entire treatment. A third treatment may be necessary if infection persists During treatment, dip plants and decorations in bucket of chlorine bleach water (one teaspoon of bleach per gallon of water) air dry for two to three hours before replacing in fish house. Treat new plants with the same formula before adding to tank or pond Tiny white worms quarium If infection persists, it's likely they're being introduced into the environment unknowingly, or your fish water is poor in quality Infestation is easily discouraged by maintaining water conditions that goldfish and beneficial bacteria thrive in, such as cold water that is rich in oxygen. Parasites, nematodes included can't tolerate these same conditions, preferring water low in oxygen and mineral value Read and follow 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping Worms in aquarium Nematodes live in the ground. Their larvae is impossible to see with the naked eye, and most people wouldn't notice a mature worm if they weren't observant. The worms can grow several inches long, but it's unlikely they'll reach this size in your tank. Different from earth worms, nematodes can live in earth or water If your fish water is healthy, and after using the remedy infection persists, it's likely reinfection is occurring To prevent infection rinse your hands in hydrogen peroxide before feeding your fish or coming into contact with fish water. This goes double if you've been busy in the garden If you're on a well, treat freshwater with chlorine bleach; one teaspoon per 10 gallons of water. Use water treatment to eliminate chlorine or add a pump to freshwater bucket; leave running for two to three hours before adding water to fish tank. Chlorine is a liquid gas, and is eliminated when exposed to fresh air Nematodes are considered as a lucky meal to fish in the wild, but our goldfish are spoiled to finer things in life, such as tasty flakes and pellets. A fish that's only been [...]

Fish left unattended

By | 2020-08-05T12:28:39-05:00 February 1st, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Chat, Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Fish left unattended can survive Recently, I had to leave my fish without care or maintenance. I had no idea when or if I would get them back. There was someone there in the house, however, that someone cared nothing about the fish. I couldn't take them with me. Inconsistent feedings and inconsistent water changes would do more harm than good. My fish would be better off without any attention at all Goldfish abandoned I wasn't worried the fish would starve. My stock tank has a lush layer of algae built up on the side walls of the tank. It's highly nutritious and my fish love it. They peck on it periodically throughout the day I wasn't worried the fish would be poisoned by nitrates. Feeding on nitrates, algae keeps levels at bay.  The fish eat the algae. The waste they produce creates the toxins created by the nitrogen cycle, with nitrates being the end result Fish left unattended A month later, my fish were brought to me in a bucket of their tank water, along with their pumps; all in excellent health. Nitrates tested at 20 to 40 ppm; the cycle in tact Goldfish left alone The pumps were left running, and one light on one side of the tank was left on. The light burned out after two weeks, however, the algae hung in there for the duration In a million years I never thought I would abandon my fish, but life is unpredictable. No, I wasn't lucky. Luck had nothing to do with it. A natural ecosystem saved my fish from certain death, however, it's good to know I can leave for the weekend, or even a week with little to no consequence Thanks Mother Nature. You're pretty amazing Fish left unattended Goldfish the real story Author: Brenda Rand

Test Water Parameters

By | 2020-08-05T08:59:44-05:00 November 3rd, 2016|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Test water parameters to make sure your fish are safe STEP 9 Buy the Books Test water parameters if you want to know the real story about your fish water. Tests are difficult to read, requiring a little practice. Test strips are less expensive, however, and found to be accurate with comparable readings to the more preferred method of testing; test tubes. Keep your test kits in a cool dark place to extend the shelf life Most test kits measure readings by ppm (parts per million) however, some kits (most commonly KH and GH) measure by dH (degree of hardness) One dH equals 17.8 ppm (parts per million) or mg (milligrams) Never dip test strips directly into tap or tank water. The regents used in the tester is toxic Goldfish prefer a range of 64 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit Not being able to withstand freezing temperatures, goldfish and Koi are cold blooded, becoming dormant in colder temperatures. As water temperatures drop, these freshwater fish breathe less oxygen, eat less or nothing at all, however, this marvelous attribute gives us a method of keeping them safe from toxins, low oxygen levels, or even parasites and bad bacteria Test water parameters Goldfish care Lowering water temperature is an effective method of protecting your fish during times of stress. Beneficial bacteria thrive in the same conditions as goldfish. Both begin dormancy at 64 degrees Fahrenheit, and should reach a full state of dormancy at 44f Begin to slow feeding at 64f. Stop feeding at 54f Cleaning agents Chlorine is used by our small cities to destroy bad bacteria in tap water, although, chloramines (ammonia combined with chlorine) is used in larger cities to give water staying power. Use water treatment to eliminated before adding to fish house Destroys chlorine (does not destroy chloramines) Oop Boost Testing toxins In a goldfish house that has not completed the nitrogen cycle, test for ammonia and nitrite, however, in a cycled house, test only nitrates are present Symptoms of ammonia poisoning may include; clamped fins; burns which later turn to black marks Symptoms of nitrite poisoning may include; bottom sitting; loss of appetite; red streaks in fins; red blotchy patches on body Symptoms of nitrate poisoning may include; loss of appetite; bottom sitting; curled or bent positioning, somersault swimming Due to the fact that goldfish and Koi use less oxygen in colder water, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are less dangerous in cold water conditions Normal readings for test results Ammonia (NH3) Zero is the goal. This first toxin in the nitrogen cycle to be created from decomposing fish waste. Goldfish have no tolerance for ammonia Nitrite (No2) the 2nd toxin in the nitrogen cycle converted from ammonia. Goldfish have no tolerance for nitrite; Zero is the goal Nitrate (No3) the third and final toxin in the nitrogen cycle converted from nitrites. Goldfish can tolerate in low amounts, preferring consistent levels of 10 to 20 ppm. When nitrate levels are high, reduce gradually to reduce the risk of nitrate shock Nitrate Poisoning When using water treatments, gypsum (calcium), Epsom (magnesium), bicarbonate [...]

Oxygenating Water

By | 2020-08-05T05:44:08-05:00 November 2nd, 2016|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , , |

Oxygenating Water takes more than a bubble wand STEP 6 Buy the Book Oxygenating water will take much more than a bubble wand. By method of diffusion, moving water pulls oxygen from the air above its surface, oxygenating it, although, the water must be free. On the list of these items that take up space, keeping oxygen from entering is Co2; first and foremost. Carbon dioxide (along with other types of gases in trace amounts) are created from waste which goldfish produce in large quantities. Waste sits on the bottom, and this is where you'll find Co2 in abundance. This is why we see goldfish in slow moving water, swimming closer to the surface than the bottom. By nature, goldfish are bottom dwellers Goldfish and beneficial bacteria alike thrive in heavily oxygenated water, unlike bad bugs. They can't tolerate oxygen Running a close second are clouds; bad bacteria clouds (bacteria blooms) form when conditions are unhealthy, and then we have super saturated gases; created by the pressure in tap water. Last but not lease we have algae blooms; green water algae. These are the things that push oxygen out of water Goldfish care Green water algae is free floating, taking up valuable space in the water, however, you will not see this type of algae in water that is moving. Water action forces algae on to substrate, clearing the body of water. A bacteria bloom also takes up space in water, although it's most commonly seen in water that has little or no movement How to oxygenate water Aquariums are more at risk for decreased oxygen levels than ponds because the surface is small compared to the body of water, and often covered Oxygenating water is more complicated than adding an air pump, or bubblers as we like to call them. It is a myth that bubblers or bubble wands have the capability to oxygenate water. This piece of equipment releases air bubbles into the water that shoot to the surface and pop, releasing the oxygen back into the air. Imagine the surface of your tank as a wall; a bubble wand or even two is like knocking a small hole in the wall. The entire wall must come down in order for fish to breathe Carbonate mineral, or KH is vital to oxygenating water, as this mineral gives water the ability to support oxygen. Without it, life cannot exist. Every natural body of water that supports life has sufficient levels of carbonate mineral. The comfort zone is 70 to 120 ppm, but the higher side is preferred for goldfish in aquariums Exposing the surface to fresh air, healthy carbonate mineral levels, and moving water. Together, these three things oxygenate water Goldfish information Goldfish absorb oxygen from the water by taking it in through their mouths and pushing it out through their gills. During this process oxygen is absorbed from the water and into the bloodstream as it passes over the rake. This organ does the same job that our lungs do, only in a different [...]

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