Pond Pumps

Pond Pumps

Pond pumps belong in every goldfish and Koi house

STEP 7

Buy the Books

Pond pumps belong in every goldfish and Koi house. There are many fancy and expensive filtering systems available in all price ranges, some costing hundreds of dollars. Pet shop filters are designed for tropical fish; not goldfish. Standard filtering systems are located at the top of the aquarium where there is little or no waste. Even though there’s an intake extension that comes close to the floor, the intake is slow, and it sits to the side of the tank

Filters and pumps do much more than push water and filter it, they house beneficial bacteria

Goldfish create a lot of waste which accumulates at the bottom of the tank where they rest and feed. Friendly bugs feed on the ammonia created by their waste. The home they live in should be located in the same proximity, encouraging them to build strong colonies, making for a strong cycle

Water filter verses pond pumps

New fish keepers use carbon in their filters, assuming it will keep the cycle from forming; referred to a cycle free tank, but products and others like it are not predictable. Your fish are at risk in a cycle free environment

Encouraging consistent pH levels, oxygenated water is the key to a healthy ecosystem

pH; Potential of Hydrogen

How pond pumps work

Pushing water from the bottom to the surface; a simple, submersible pond pump creates a powerful jet stream that clears Co2 from water. No goldfish set up is complete without one, because no other filter or pump provides the necessary action to clear a body of water

Pond pumps typically come equipped with water volume controls. These settings may be turned up or down to obtain the desired action. When cleaning tank or sponges, a higher setting should be powerful enough to clear a cloud in the water quickly

Switching from a standard filtering system to a pond pump is easy. Leave your old filter up and running for two to three months after installing a pond pump. If it has a volume control, turning it down will be discourage beneficial bacteria from forming in it, and encourage them to form in the new pond pump. Friendly bugs prefer ponds because they move water faster, making for increased oxygen levels. They sit close to the waste, which produces their food source. Remove the old system after the waiting period, and you’re good to go

Friendly bugs require heavily oxygenated water and complete darkness for reproducing

 Water filters verses pond pumps

Wrap an aquarium safe sponge around the intake of your pond pump. The sponges filters free floating debris from water, and keeps the pump running smoothly. Rinse sponges in old tank water. Even though the sponge may appear clean at the top, grunge accumulates mostly at the bottom. Vacuum beneath the pump. Perform this task weekly; depending on your stocking levels

How maintain pond pumps

Warning: Make sure sponges completely cover intake valves. Exposed intakes may result in injury to fish. When removing sponges to rinse; do not leave intake exposed for longer than necessary. Sponge should be placed on the outside (not inside) of the intake or basket

Make certain your new pump has a volume control. Parts may be separate and need assembly

Check to make sure the sponge is clean if the mechanics of your pump slows. Try unplugging the unit for an instant. The sudden action will push a clog through if this is the trouble. If this doesn’t get the job done, jostle the pond pump in a bucket of old tank or pond water. Still not getting any action? Don’t remove the pump. Keep a close watch on your water parameters; prepare for a spike in the cycle. When a pond pump stops and won’t start again, obtain a new pump asap. Place it next to the dead pump. Within a few months the new unit will become established, and hopefully without causing a spike

Use only standard aquarium safe sponges, or even better, sea sponges. What could be more natural?

When you remove a sponge to rinse, crank up the volume of the pump to give it a good blowing out

Pre filter or filter sponges

Using pre filter sponges could restrict water flow, causing the pump to overheat. Beneficial bacteria will find a good spot to build their colony inside of the pump. Wrap an aquarium safe filter sponges wrapped over the intake is all a goldfish tank or pond needs. The pump will provide housing for beneficial bacteria; the sponge will act as a filter to keep water clear of free floating debris

Water filters verses pond pumps

Avoid the use of filter pads, filter media or pre filter sponges; white or blue

water filters verses pond pumps

pre-filter sponge (do not use)

Don’t make the mistake of using a pre-filter sponge. Too dense, they could cause your pump to overheat (see above)

Provided by Kuja, the drawing below shows a basket over the intake valve wrapped with a cylinder shaped sponge. Not all pumps come with these extensions, however, maintenance is much easier because the sponge is easily removed and replaced. Create a cylinder shaped sponge by sewing square ones together, or you can spend a little more and buy one sized to fit. The best pumps have baskets over the intakes for greater and more consistent flow

pond pumps

Cross section of pond pump and sponge

Some of the smaller pumps have no basket. A rubber band may be used to fasten a sponge over these intakes. Use a real organic sea sponge or filter (aquarium safe) sponge purchased from the pet shop

pond pumps

Filter sponges

The black filter sponge in the photo above is a good choice for pond pumps

pond pumps

Sea Sponges

If you’re working on creating an organic ecosystem, a real sea sponge, shown above, is the choice for you. Yellow sea sponges have just the right density for filtering pumps. Don’t be fooled by man made sea sponges

You may also see sea sponges labeled as natural sponges, that actually come from a land plant. It’s hard to tell the difference. Below is a great company that sells real sea sponges for a great price

Gulf Coast Sponge Co

Sizing pond pumps

Water pumps are rated by gallons or liters per hour. Start with a minimum of 100 GPH; add 100 for every 10 gallons of water. Taller tanks or ponds require a larger pump size to create adequate action. Shallow water may benefit from having two pumps at half the rating. Larger goldfish houses benefit by having more than one pond pump to distribute the action

Water filters verses pond pumps

Warning: Sponge plants are being passed off as sea sponges; called natural sponges. Although they are natural, they’re not from the sea. Make sure the sponge you buy is from the sea, not the earth

Do not use carbon or charcoal or other filter media, such as pre-filter sponges, as this could overheat the unit

Most pet shops do not sell pond or water pumps. You can find them at your local lawn and garden center in the pond section, or shop online

Placing an (aquarium safe) sponge under the motor box will quiet a loud pump. Rinse sponge with routine maintenance

 pond pumps

Pond pump with basket over intake

Pond pumps cost a fraction of the price of the more fashionable aquarium filtering systems. and do twice the work

Crank up the action and decrease clouded water Cloudy Water

Step 8 Performing Water Changes

10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping

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Author: Brenda Rand

2017-09-01T21:07:33+00:00

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Long live our fish

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