goldfish care

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Goldfish care is much more than sprinkling flakes in a bowl

Most people believe goldfish care is simple. They believe goldfish are cheap to keep also. Clean the bowl once a week, or whenever it looks dirty. Goldfish may be the most difficult to keep of the freshwater fish family. They require more more space over the years because they never stop growing. They need room to grow

Caring for Goldfish

Caring for goldfish is labor intense. Unlike other freshwater fish, they produce high levels of nitrates due to the amount of waste they produce. Their fish house needs more than a standard filter. They need pond pumps. Their houses must be open to fresh air so the water can breathe. They require heavily oxygenated water due this extreme amount of waste. Increased waste leads to increased levels of Co2. Carbon dioxide is a gas created from waste

Caring for goldfish

That being said, goldfish are the sociable of the freshwater fish; the most lovable. If you learn everything you can about them, you’ll have many years to enjoy their company. They live longer than dogs and cats if cared for properly

Goldfish Keeping

If you’re thinking of getting a goldfish, read and learn about them first. Make sure you’re prepared to sacrifice time, labor and money before you invest in a two dollar fish

10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping

10 Easy Steps Goldfish Keeping

By | 2019-04-10T09:10:28-05:00 May 28th, 2018|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , , |

 10 Easy STEPS Goldfish Keeping make it simple Buy the Book 10 easy steps goldfish keeping are easy to read and follow The theory is simple, by recreating their ancestor’s natural environment, the cold and fast moving rivers of China, our goldfish will thrive in an aquarium or pond. Learn everything you can about goldfish keeping Centuries ago, and still today, the Chinese displayed their goldfish in glass bowls much to the delight of their guests, but the goldfish were quickly returned to their ponds after the party was over. This could very well have started the ‘goldfish in a bowl’ tradition, and with dire consequences. Follow 10 Easy Steps to create the perfect ecosystem for your goldfish, and they will live up to their full potential in growth and life expectancy Goldfish Care Equipment and Supplies needed; Goldfish container; water pump & sponge; Water treatment; Freshwater tub; Gravel vacuum or python; Natural pea gravel; Goldfish food; Parameters test kit and thermometer Goldfish are delicate creatures. Their environment is a complex ecosystem that must be perfectly balanced. The tiny goldfish you bring home will double in size within a few short weeks, and by the end of the first year could easily measure 2" in length; averaging 1” per year. If their growth is not stunted by close quarters they’ll keep growing for most of their life which averages 16 years, and some live for much longer, growing much larger Goldfish information Goldfish need room to grow. The water they live in should be filtered and oxygenated. Even a large aquarium is not a natural environment for goldfish. They are more at home in shallow water that has plenty of surface area with plenty of surface activity, such as water fountains and falls. Compromises must be made if these creatures are to be housed successfully in our homes 10 easy steps goldfish keeping Goldfish keeping 10 Easy Steps Goldfish Keeping GOLDFISH House Step 1 House your goldfish in a fancy aquarium, a flower pot or even a rubber tub. The most important factors in choosing a container is that it is large enough, strong enough to hold water and free of contaminants, having more surface area and less depth. Some goldfish are sensitive to water pressure  Minimum stocking level 2.5 gallons of water per 1” of body length If you have an indoor goldfish house, locate it a place that doesn’t receive too much sunlight; a room that stays cool year round. The top should be open and exposed to fresh air Use aquarium safe decorations and natural gravel. Make sure plants are nontoxic and free of infection 10 Easy Steps to Goldfish Keeping NITROGEN Cycle Step 2 Goldfish make waste, which plays a big role in helping Mother Nature create a healthy ecosystem for them to live in. Ammonia, a deadly toxin, is created from waste. When ammonia is present, and the environment is right, beneficial bacteria form to feed on the toxin, converting it into nitrite Nitrites attract another [...]

Fish proof aquarium pond

By | 2019-04-01T10:15:21-05:00 August 13th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Fish proof aquarium pond to keep them safe Fish proof aquarium pond to keep goldfish and Koi safe hazardous mechanics, sharp fake plants and decorations. Countless a fish will die after being injured by a filter or pump. Water is pulled into a pond pump and then pushed back out in a powerful jet stream that shoots from the floor to the surface creating a fountain. The same holds true for H.O.B filters, only the water is pulled up through a pipe and falls down to the surface creating a water fall effect Goldfish care Only the smallest fish could be pulled through the intake and injured by the blades that push water, however, even not so small fish are at risk if the intake is exposed Every exposed intake must be covered with a sponge for more than one reason. The sponge acts as a filter keeping the water clear and the pond pump running smoothly, however, sponges also protect fish from getting injured. Even the down spout intakes must have sponges Goldfish information Fish proof aquarium pond Use aquarium safe sponges or natural sea sponges. Make certain the entire intake area is well covered. The slightest exposure of the intake could cause injury Use natural pea gravel as a substrate instead of painted pet shop gravel. Painted gravel begins to peel and chip after a few short years; not good for goldfish. Avoid the use of sand, as it irritates gills and harbors bad bacteria The fish is not fooled by the silk plants in the photo below, but friends will be Fish proof aquarium pond Safe goldfish aquarium Plastic plants are popular, however, pointed leaves may be sharp enough to injure the fish. If you prefer fake plants, try silk. The move more fluidly with the motion of the water, looking very real Goldfish House All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand

Feeding Goldfish Koi

By | 2019-04-01T10:17:06-05:00 August 6th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Feeding Goldfish Koi is fun for the entire family STEP 10 Buy the Books Feeding goldfish Koi is a little more complicated than sprinkling flakes on the water surface once or twice a day. We should be feeding our fish close to the same way and the same foods they would eat in their natural environment. In the wild, goldfish spend most of their time nibbling and grazing; eating food as they come across it. These foods consist mostly of vegetation, fish eggs and small fish. In the wild, food is scarce Competition is fierce in the wild. Fish eggs, small fry and worms are few and far between. Vegetation makes up for the biggest part of their diet because it's plentiful. Because of these habits, goldfish have evolved with stomachs the size of their eye. We could almost say they don't have stomachs. The food they eat digests very quickly, leaving their system within a few short hours Feeding goldfish Feed less more often 4 to 6 times a day The goldfish swim bladder organ is connected to the intestinal tract where carbon dioxide is exchanged. Co2 is a gas created from waste. This gas exchange allows fish to rise or sink at will. Improper feeding leads to an impacted or slow tract, which can trap the gas in the bladder, leading to floating issues Feed less more often to keep the tract moving  Offer similar types of food found in their natural habitat. There is no fruit or pork; no beef or chicken, and certainly no dairy products, however, you will find an abundance of vegetation Keep smaller fish separate from larger fish. Goldfish will eat anything they can fit in their mouths including their tank mates Goldfish, just like humans need a varied diet because feeding a limited diet of flakes and pellets leads to an impacted tract, contributing to digestive disorders. Choose a food brand that contains less filler, such as ash. Ash consists of low grade seafood parts: scales and bone used as fillers. Feed less flakes and pellets. Flakes and pellets contain additives. Even though these food products provide the nutrition our fish need, with a little extra labor and a little added expense, our fish could be fed a healthy diet with less processed foods Goldfish care Feeding only once or twice a day causes gorging Bottom dwellers by nature, this is where our fish feel safe from predators. Goldfish eyes are located in a position where it's difficult for them to see below, and because of it, feeding at the surface may cause stress. Most new goldfish keepers make the mistake of sprinkling flakes on the surface. Surface feeding causes fish to gulp air which often leads to air bubbles in their pooh or air bubbles being released through their mouth and gills. Taking in air leads to serious issues that can easily be avoided by feeding properly Feeding goldfish Koi Gather the entire amount of food to be fed in hand. Hold food beneath water surface to moisten. Release in a spreading motion over a large area to [...]

Pond Pumps

By | 2019-04-01T10:19:10-05:00 August 6th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , , |

Pond pumps belong in every goldfish and Koi house STEP 7 Buy the Books Pond pumps belong in every goldfish and Koi house. There are many fancy and expensive filtering systems available in all price ranges, some costing hundreds of dollars. Pet shop filters are designed for tropical fish; not goldfish. Standard filtering systems are located at the top of the aquarium where there is little or no waste. Even though there's an intake extension that comes close to the floor, the intake is slow, and it sits to the side of the tank Filters and pumps do much more than push water and filter it, they house beneficial bacteria Goldfish create a lot of waste which accumulates at the bottom of the tank where they rest and feed. Friendly bugs feed on the ammonia created by their waste. The home they live in should be located in the same proximity, encouraging them to build strong colonies, making for a strong cycle Boost pH by performing water changes Water filter verses pond pumps New fish keepers use carbon in their filters, assuming it will keep the cycle from forming; referred to a cycle free tank, but products and others like it are not predictable. Your fish are at risk in a cycle free environment Encouraging consistent pH levels, oxygenated water is the key to a healthy ecosystem pH; Potential of Hydrogen How pond pumps work Pushing water from the bottom to the surface; a simple, submersible pond pump creates a powerful jet stream that clears Co2 from water. No goldfish set up is complete without one, because no other filter or pump provides the necessary action to clear a body of water Goldfish Care Pond pumps typically come equipped with water volume controls. These settings may be turned up or down to obtain the desired action. When cleaning tank or sponges, a higher setting should be powerful enough to clear a cloud in the water quickly Switching from a standard filtering system to a pond pump is easy. Leave your old filter up and running for two to three months after installing a pond pump. If it has a volume control, turning it down will be discourage beneficial bacteria from forming in it, and encourage them to form in the new pond pump. Friendly bugs prefer ponds because they move water faster, making for increased oxygen levels. They sit close to the waste, which produces their food source. Remove the old system after the waiting period, and you're good to go Cleaning goldfish aquarium Friendly bugs require heavily oxygenated water and complete darkness for reproducing  Water filters verses pond pumps Wrap an aquarium safe sponge around the intake of your pond pump. The sponges filters free floating debris from water, and keeps the pump running smoothly. Rinse sponges in old tank water. Even though the sponge may appear clean at the top, grunge accumulates mostly at the bottom. Vacuum beneath the pump. Perform this task weekly; depending on your stocking levels How maintain pond pumps Warning: Make sure sponges completely cover intake valves. Exposed intakes may result [...]

Water Treatment

By | 2019-04-01T10:20:07-05:00 August 6th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , , |

Water treatment for aquariums and ponds  STEP 5 Buy the Books Water treatment is used to neutralize chlorine and chloramines. Cities add cleaning agents to prevent harmful bacteria growth, making water safe to drink, however, both chemicals are dangerous to fish and friendly bugs that create the nitrogen cycle Combined ammonia; referred to as chloramines; gives the agent staying power in large cities Chlorine is a liquid gas, and is easily eliminated from water by exposing it to fresh air; Add a simple pond pump to your freshwater bucket. Oxygen destroys chlorine on contact. The process takes up to 24 hours Goldfish care Chemicals found in water treatment: Sulfur dioxide, bisulfites, hydrosulfites, aqueous solution buffered at pH 8 with ameliorating ingredients and reducing agents are all chemicals used to create water treatment Although relatively safe in low amounts for healthy fish, these substances burn fish that have little or no slime coat due to living in an unhealthy environment. Use a product that enhances or builds slime coat when using increased amounts of water treatment. Slime coating can be increased by giving the fish a Sea Salt Remedy Salt irritates their skin, causing them to secrete a protective coating Read more about slime coat Aloe Remedy is another means of increasing the slime coat as your fish receive many other benefits as well A healthy slime coat helps reduce the risk of infection as well as avoid poisoning by water treatment. Goldfish with a healthy slime coat are more tolerant to low levels of ammonia, high KH levels and disease in general Warning: Do not use Stress coat water treatment for increasing slime coat when cycling a tank or pond. Stress coat contains only trace amounts of aloe and increased amount of treatment may put the fish at risk Read the label of your water treatment bottle. Some treatments convert only chlorine and chloramines while some convert metals as well. Other treatments convert ammonia, nitrite and nitrates. You may combine water treatments if caution is used to avoid overdosing Type water treatments There are water treatments that raise or lower general and carbonate hardness levels, while some treatments lower these same mineral values. This can also be done by using products found at the grocery store. Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) raises (GH) general hardness. Distilled or R.O. water lowers GH levels. Bicarbonate of soda raises (KH) carbonate mineral hardness. Vinegar lowers KH levels Nitrogen cycle Noted on treatment label; water treatment has the capacity to bind to a specific amount of substance per dosage, however, new toxins being created requires additional treatment Use treatment that converts chlorine, chloramines, ammonia and nitrite combined with daily water changes if your goldfish house has not completed the nitrogen cycle Few brands of water treatment have the capacity to convert chlorine, ammonia, nitrite and nitrates; necessary when cycling a tank or pond. The most commonly used are Seachum Prime and Kordon's Amquel Plus. Considered as toxic when overused, there are no alternatives to keeping  fish safe during a spike. If the spike is large however, consider a safer option by cycling a pump out of your fish house, using [...]

Freshwater Source

By | 2019-04-01T10:21:29-05:00 August 6th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Freshwater Source should contain important minerals Step 4 BUY the Books Freshwater source should contain carbonate mineral, magnesium and calcium. Know your freshwater source, because it's a matter of life and death. Tap water is recommended as a freshwater source for goldfish because it contains important minerals necessary to support good health. General hardness gives our fish good health and vigor. Carbonate mineral gives water the ability to support life. Combined, general hardness and carbonate hardness make up the value of total hardness GH; general hardness is made up of two parts magnesium and one part calcium KH is just that; carbonate hardness Mineral amounts vary according to what region you live in Every body of water has a pH value or potential of hydrogen. In simple terms, pH is a measurement of oxygen and carbonate minerals combined. To support life, water must have a pH reading between 6.0 to 9.0 ppm, however, the comfort zone for goldfish is 7.4 To 8.4 ppm. The higher side of the zone offers a healthier environment. Don't settle for less Goldfish care pH is a combined reading of O2 and KH Carbonate mineral (KH) alone is responsible for how alkaline or acidic water is. KH gives water the ability to hold on to the O2 molecule, although, it will take more than a healthy KH reading to oxygenate water. There are a multitude of reasons that keep water from supporting oxygen, and most of them have to do with clouds or gases. You'll learn more about oxygenating water if you continue reading the 10 Steps Bottled water goldfish aquarium Distilled or R.O. (reverse osmosis) bottled water has no value, with little buffering capability. Goldfish keepers use R.O. water due to freshwater source containing bad bacteria or high levels of toxins. Bottled water that contains value may offer a better starting place for building value in water. This is where the term 'mineral water' comes in to play. Goldfish and humans alike share the need for minerals Boost pH by performing frequent water changes Tap water with low mineral value may be caused by a filtering system Mother Nature is hard at work, whenever and wherever possible. If your tap water contains ammonia, nitrites or nitrates, consider collecting rain water as your freshwater Humans and goldfish alike cannot tolerate nitrates at high levels. The preferred reading for both of us is 12.5 ppm; difficult to accomplish in a goldfish aquarium. The fact is, all animals can tolerate levels up to 20 to 40 ppm if not super sensitive Use Water Boost to increase magnesium, carbonate mineral and O2 value of water Goldfish aquarium water Cleaning agents in our tap water Both agents destroy formation of unfriendly bacteria, however, they also destroys the friendly kind.  Eliminate cleaning agents from your freshwater source before adding to fish house Freshwater source Cities add chlorine and sometimes chloramines to our drinking water to keep it free of harmful bacteria Most cities use only chlorine which can be eliminated naturally by using Oop Boost Large cities often combine ammonia with chlorine (chloramines) giving it staying power [...]

Gravel Vacuum Substrate

By | 2019-04-01T10:22:31-05:00 August 6th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

GRAVEL vacuum substrate with every water change STEP 3 Buy the book Gravel vacuum substrate in your goldfish aquarium or pond. Goldfish spend most every waking moment in search of food. There's nothing they love better than pecking through gravel and shoving stones around in hopes of finding an uneaten morsel. It's sad to see a goldfish in an aquarium without gravel; there's nothing quite as unnatural for a goldfish. Investing in a gravel vacuum is a must if you have a stone substrate Cleaning goldfish aquarium Because of this instinct; pecking through the gravel, a stone may become lodged in the fish's throat, although it's rare. There's less risk if natural pea gravel is used due to the irregular shape. Round, pet shop gravel is the culprit here. Most fish are able to expel the object on their own; this may happen within a few minutes or a few hours. If not, action may have to be taken to remove the stone  Lodged Stone Using gravel as a substrate makes for clear water by keeping waste and uneaten food from floating freely in the tank, giving it a place to settle. Use a gravel vacuum to remove the debris from the bottom of your goldfish tank. Since we know that friendly bacteria prefer building their colonies in filters and pumps, we can assume that unfriendly bacteria build their colonies in stagnate locations. We also have learned that performing a 100% water change will destroy good and bad colonies alike, but this makes removing debris and waste that has settled in the gravel difficult unless we use a gravel vacuum Gravel vacuum substrate Using a gravel vacuum also helps to reduce carbon dioxide that forms and hangs heavily in the depths of our tanks and ponds. Carbon dioxide is created from the waste your fish produce. Pond pumps do most of work in eliminating these harmful gases that take up space pushing oxygen out Python or siphon A gravel vacuum is actually a short hose or tubing that comes in a few various sizes with a wide mouth on the end of it. Smaller tanks require smaller hose widths to reduce the flow rate Place the mouth of the vacuum at the bottom of your tank. Using a suction device attached to the center portion of the hose, squeeze repetitively. A motorized pump (python) may also be obtained for simplifying the procedure or you may choose to siphon with your mouth to get the action going How use gravel vacuum Have a bucket handy for the old tank water to spill into, and be careful not to suck small fish into the mouth of the vacuum. Very gently, so as not to pollute the water, rake the mouth through the gravel pulling it backwards; not by pushing it forwards; this will clog the mouth of the vacuum and stop the flow of water. When you have completed the task, gently lift the mouth up as you remove it from tank, allowing the [...]

Goldfish Koi House

By | 2019-04-10T09:08:31-05:00 August 5th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

What kind of goldfish house is right for you and your fish? STEP 1 Buy the book Goldfish Koi House can be any container that's clean, appropriately sized and strong enough to hold water. What size goldfish house do your fish need? Goldfish average 16 years living in a healthy environment, however, some live for much longer, growing much larger. Start with a goldfish house adequately sized. Goldfish will easily reach 2" their first year, averaging 1" per year Recommended STOCKING LEVEL 2.5 gallons of water per 1" of body Recommended water minimum DEPTH; body length of largest fish from nose to tail base Koi grow three times as large, requiring three times the space Size fish house appropriately, so that water parameters remain consistent. With proper care and proper housing a common goldfish could easily out live your dog or cat Goldfish Housing There are many styles and sizes of aquariums on the market today, however, keep in mind when choosing a fish house that goldfish require less depth and more surface area. The majority of aquariums are designed for tropical fish; not goldfish Goldfish houses with small surface area compared to the body of water need increased water movement. Depth of water should not be less than the length of the longest fish from nose to tail Suitable tank mates for goldfish Separate the smallest fish from the largest. Goldfish are omnivorous. They will eat anything that fits in their mouth, including other goldfish. The same holds true with Koi. Even though these fish form attachments to other fish, their natural instinct to survive in the wild drives them to nibble at anything and everything. They just can't help themselves Goldfish care Goldfish have been known to jump out of their water. Avoid accidents by lowering the water table. The gap between the surface and the top should match the body length of your longest fish, and yet another reason to have a larger container for your goldfish. Most aquariums come equipped with lids, however, goldfish fare much better in open topped tanks with the water surface exposed to fresh air. If you feel more comfortable with a top consider a screen Goldfish keeping It's fun to play around in your tank or pond. It's hard to resist beautiful decorations, and sometimes we have a tendency to overdo it. Make certain that the decorations you place in your goldfish house are aquarium safe before adding. If quarters are tight make sure that the object is not taking up valuable space the goldfish need. Goldfish are easily injured on sharp objects, especially the fancy varieties. Some materials, such as plastic, metal, fresh concrete or wood will affect the water quality Type plants goldfish aquarium There's a variety of fake plants to choose from, although silk ones are safest. Plastic plants can injure delicate fish. Be prepared to replace plants regularly if you choose real vegetation. Goldfish enjoy nibbling on plants, and some fish are very aggressive with their nibbling. Make sure the plants you place in your aquarium are [...]

10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping

By | 2019-04-10T09:07:13-05:00 August 5th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Follow the 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping  Buy the Book 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping offers methods that are founded on many years of experience that have been proven with outstanding results. The theory is simple, by recreating their ancestor’s natural environment, the cold and fast moving rivers of China, our goldfish can and will thrive in an aquarium or pond. Centuries ago, and still today; the Chinese displayed their goldfish in glass bowls much to the delight of their guests, but the goldfish were quickly returned to their ponds after the party was over. This could very well have started the ‘goldfish in a bowl’ tradition, and with dire consequences Goldfish Keeping Even a pond isn’t the goldfish’s natural environment. When we place them in aquariums or small ponds we must go to great lengths to keep them healthy by making certain their water is rich in minerals and oxygen value Something all freshwater fish share is the need for healthy water. If you follow these golden rules, 10 steps goldfish Koi keeping, you will not only create the perfect ecosystem for your goldfish or Koi. They will live up to their full potential in growth and life expectancy. Study each and every critical step thoroughly and learn how to maintain your goldfish or Koi house. Learn everything you can, and your fish will flourish in the natural environment you create, bringing you, your family and friends lasting joy Goldfish Care It will take more than a quick read to understand fully the 10 Steps to goldfish and Koi keeping. Study each and every critical step thoroughly and learn how to maintain your set up. You should never have to perform a 100% water change; never have to disinfect your tank or equipment ever again. Mother Nature knows best 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping You may want to start with the 10 EASY Steps Goldfish Keeping (short version) for the how to. When you're ready, or if you're a quick learner, the full version (see below) offers the how to's and the why for's Step 1 Goldfish Koi House Step 2 Nitrogen Cycle Explained Step 3 Gravel Vacuum substrate Step 4 Freshwater Source Step 5 Water Treatment Step 6 Oxygenating Water Step 7 Pond Pumps Step 8 Water Changes Step 9 Testing Water Parameters Step 10 Feeding Our Fish GLOSSARY of Fish Terms CONVERSIONS Goldfish Anatomy 10 Steps Goldfish Koi Keeping Items recommended 1.   Goldfish house 2.   Fresh water tub 3.   Substrate (natural pea gravel) 4.   Gravel vacuum (python) 5.   Water treatment 6.   Pond pump (sized for goldfish house) 7.   Parameter Test kit 8.   Thermometer If you're a kid or even a kid at heart, have fun coloring, reading stories and learning the Golden Goldfish Rules Be a Goldfish KID The Goldfish Kid Copyright 2007 Author: Brenda Rand

Test Water Parameters

By | 2019-03-22T19:14:10-05:00 November 3rd, 2016|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Test water parameters to make sure your fish are safe STEP 9 Buy the Books Test water parameters if you want to know the real story about your fish water. Tests are difficult to read, requiring a little practice. Test strips are less expensive, however, and found to be accurate with comparable readings to the more preferred method of testing; test tubes. Keep your test kits in a cool dark place to extend the shelf life Most test kits measure readings by ppm (parts per million) however, some kits (most commonly KH and GH) measure by dH (degree of hardness) One dH equals 17.8 ppm (parts per million) or mg (milligrams) Never dip test strips directly into tap or tank water. The regents used in the tester is toxic Goldfish prefer a range of 64 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit Not being able to withstand freezing temperatures, goldfish and Koi are cold blooded, becoming dormant in colder temperatures. As water temperatures drop, these freshwater fish breathe less oxygen, eat less or nothing at all, however, this marvelous attribute gives us a method of keeping them safe from toxins, low oxygen levels, or even parasites and bad bacteria Test water parameters Goldfish care Lowering water temperature is an effective method of protecting your fish during times of stress. Beneficial bacteria thrive in the same conditions as goldfish. Both begin dormancy at 64 degrees Fahrenheit, and should reach a full state of dormancy at 44f Begin to slow feeding at 64f. Stop feeding at 54f Cleaning agents Chlorine is used by our small cities to destroy bad bacteria in tap water, although, chloramines (ammonia combined with chlorine) is used in larger cities to give water staying power. Use water treatment to eliminated before adding to fish house Destroys chlorine (does not destroy chloramines) Oop Boost Testing toxins In a goldfish house that has not completed the nitrogen cycle, test for ammonia and nitrite, however, in a cycled house, test only nitrates are present Symptoms of ammonia poisoning may include; clamped fins; burns which later turn to black marks Symptoms of nitrite poisoning may include; bottom sitting; loss of appetite; red streaks in fins; red blotchy patches on body Symptoms of nitrate poisoning may include; loss of appetite; bottom sitting; curled or bent positioning, somersault swimming Due to the fact that goldfish and Koi use less oxygen in colder water, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are less dangerous in cold water conditions Normal readings for test results Ammonia (NH3) Zero is the goal. This first toxin in the nitrogen cycle to be created from decomposing fish waste. Goldfish have no tolerance for ammonia Nitrite (No2) the 2nd toxin in the nitrogen cycle converted from ammonia. Goldfish have no tolerance for nitrite; Zero is the goal Nitrate (No3) the third and final toxin in the nitrogen cycle converted from nitrites. Goldfish can tolerate in low amounts, preferring consistent levels of 10 to 20 ppm. When nitrate levels are high, reduce gradually to reduce the risk of nitrate shock Nitrate Poisoning When using water treatments, gypsum (calcium), Epsom (magnesium), bicarbonate [...]

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