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3 11, 2016

Test Water Parameters

By | 2019-03-22T19:14:10-05:00 November 3rd, 2016|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , |

Test water parameters to make sure your fish are safe STEP 9 Buy the Books Test water parameters if you want to know the real story about your fish water. Tests are difficult to read, requiring a little practice. Test strips are less expensive, however, and found to be accurate with comparable readings to the more preferred method of testing; test tubes. Keep your test kits in a cool dark place to extend the shelf life Most test kits measure readings by ppm (parts per million) however, some kits (most commonly KH and GH) measure by dH (degree of hardness) One dH equals 17.8 ppm (parts per million) or mg (milligrams) Never dip test strips directly into tap or tank water. The regents used in the tester is toxic Goldfish prefer a range of 64 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit Not being able to withstand freezing temperatures, goldfish and Koi are cold blooded, becoming dormant in colder temperatures. As water temperatures drop, these freshwater fish breathe less oxygen, eat less or nothing at all, however, this marvelous attribute gives us a method of keeping them safe from toxins, low oxygen levels, or even parasites and bad bacteria Test water parameters Goldfish care Lowering water temperature is an effective method of protecting your fish during times of stress. Beneficial bacteria thrive in the same conditions as goldfish. Both begin dormancy at 64 degrees Fahrenheit, and should reach a full state of dormancy at 44f Begin to slow feeding at 64f. Stop feeding at 54f Cleaning agents Chlorine is used by our small cities to destroy bad bacteria in tap water, although, chloramines (ammonia combined with chlorine) is used in larger cities to give water staying power. Use water treatment to eliminated before adding to fish house Destroys chlorine (does not destroy chloramines) Oop Boost Testing toxins In a goldfish house that has not completed the nitrogen cycle, test for ammonia and nitrite, however, in a cycled house, test only nitrates are present Symptoms of ammonia poisoning may include; clamped fins; burns which later turn to black marks Symptoms of nitrite poisoning may include; bottom sitting; loss of appetite; red streaks in fins; red blotchy patches on body Symptoms of nitrate poisoning may include; loss of appetite; bottom sitting; curled or bent positioning, somersault swimming Due to the fact that goldfish and Koi use less oxygen in colder water, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are less dangerous in cold water conditions Normal readings for test results Ammonia (NH3) Zero is the goal. This first toxin in the nitrogen cycle to be created from decomposing fish waste. Goldfish have no tolerance for ammonia Nitrite (No2) the 2nd toxin in the nitrogen cycle converted from ammonia. Goldfish have no tolerance for nitrite; Zero is the goal Nitrate (No3) the third and final toxin in the nitrogen cycle converted from nitrites. Goldfish can tolerate in low amounts, preferring consistent levels of 10 to 20 ppm. When nitrate levels are high, reduce gradually to reduce the risk of nitrate shock Nitrate Poisoning When using water treatments, gypsum (calcium), Epsom (magnesium), bicarbonate [...]

2 11, 2016

Oxygenating Water

By | 2019-03-22T19:14:16-05:00 November 2nd, 2016|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|Tags: , , |

Oxygenating Water takes more than a bubble wand STEP 6 Buy the Book Oxygenating water will take much more than a bubble wand. By method of diffusion, moving water pulls oxygen from the air above its surface, oxygenating it, although, the water must be free. On the list of these items that take up space, keeping oxygen from entering is Co2; first and foremost. Carbon dioxide (along with other types of gases in trace amounts) are created from waste which goldfish produce in large quantities. Waste sits on the bottom, and this is where you'll find Co2 in abundance. This is why we see goldfish in slow moving water, swimming closer to the surface than the bottom. By nature, goldfish are bottom dwellers Goldfish and beneficial bacteria alike thrive in heavily oxygenated water, unlike bad bugs. They can't tolerate oxygen Running a close second are clouds; bad bacteria clouds (bacteria blooms) form when conditions are unhealthy, and then we have super saturated gases; created by the pressure in tap water. Last but not lease we have algae blooms; green water algae. These are the things that push oxygen out of water Goldfish care Green water algae is free floating, taking up valuable space in the water, however, you will not see this type of algae in water that is moving. Water action forces algae on to substrate, clearing the body of water. A bacteria bloom also takes up space in water, although it's most commonly seen in water that has little or no movement How to oxygenate water Aquariums are more at risk for decreased oxygen levels than ponds because the surface is small compared to the body of water, and often covered Oxygenating water is more complicated than adding an air pump, or bubblers as we like to call them. It is a myth that bubblers or bubble wands have the capability to oxygenate water. This piece of equipment releases air bubbles into the water that shoot to the surface and pop, releasing the oxygen back into the air. Imagine the surface of your tank as a wall; a bubble wand or even two is like knocking a small hole in the wall. The entire wall must come down in order for fish to breathe Carbonate mineral, or KH is vital to oxygenating water, as this mineral gives water the ability to support oxygen. Without it, life cannot exist. Every natural body of water that supports life has sufficient levels of carbonate mineral. The comfort zone is 70 to 120 ppm, but the higher side is preferred for goldfish in aquariums Exposing the surface to fresh air, healthy carbonate mineral levels, and moving water. Together, these three things oxygenate water Goldfish information Goldfish absorb oxygen from the water by taking it in through their mouths and pushing it out through their gills. During this process oxygen is absorbed from the water and into the bloodstream as it passes over the rake. This organ does the same job that our lungs do, only in a different [...]

12 10, 2015

Welcome

By | 2019-04-01T19:31:32-05:00 October 12th, 2015|Categories: Default Category|

Welcome to goldfish emergency Welcome to goldfish emergency We hope you'll explore, and even hang out with us If you love your goldfish, you're in the right place. Goldfish require cold and heavily oxygenated water rich in mineral value to lead long and healthy lives. We want to teach you how to create such an environment for your fish; watch them flourish Take a few minutes to learn what we're all about and how to navigate the site. Feel free to browse if you just want to look around, but if you want to post, and you're not registered, please create a membership Log in and Register We advise on the general care of goldfish and Koi Learn, read and follow the 10 Steps to Goldfish and Koi to earn the badge of honor To view the features listed below, hover over your user name after logging in; found top right hand corner of site. We're still working on a few of these features, so bare with us. If you can't log in or can't post in the forum, please email our webmaster Create your own group, and even have your own forum, create a public or private message or see notifications, see other members profiles or edit your own or request or accept friends Practice the 10 steps and earn this badge We welcome you to goldfish emergency and hope you'll take advantage of the opportunity to learn more about goldfish and Koi If you have something to share that's goldfish or Koi related, please do, or if you like, leave a comment on other's articles Welcome aboard, Venus

20 09, 2015

Water Changes without Buckets

By | 2019-03-17T05:41:38-05:00 September 20th, 2015|

Water changes without buckets By Shadow II have just installed a home made water changing system that eliminates the need for buckets. I bought a new plastic 50 gallon water tank. I bought it originally so that I could let my water stand for 24 hours before adding it to my tank. I put a pond pump also in there to eliminate supersaturated gasses. Water changes without buckets Changing fish water I have 4 tanks, 132 gallon, 78 gallon, 50 gallon and a 20 gallon and as you can imagine, water changes are hard work. Emptying the tank is easy as I use a battery powered gravel vac. I attach a hose to the outlet and feed the other end of the hose out of the window into my front garden (my flowers are doing great). I decided to move the plastic water tank into a cupboard upstairs. The upstairs cupboard is directly above the tanks so it?s not such a hard task. I then fed plastic pipes down to my tanks with a drip valve for slow water changes. I have managed to eliminate the buckets and lots of hassle. On the plus side, the fish also get a gradual change so less stress for the fish and me. I used a cold water feed to the plastic tank with a plastic ball valve to prevent overflows. There is also an overflow pipe just in case and a manual stop valve. I let it fill, add my water treatment leave it for 24 hours with the pond pump running. Then I operate the drip valve release it slowly into my tanks. Water changes without buckets I used micro bore tubing so all pipe work is hidden in the wall cavity. All shut off valves are hidden in the cupboard and the drip valve delivers about 1 cupful of water per min per tank (adjustable) I could add an automatic shut off valve for each tank so it automatically stops the flow when full, but that's just too lazy. Water changes without buckets Here it the tank installed. It was a tight fit. Water changes without buckets Water changes without buckets Water changes without buckets Members articles archives

13 09, 2015

Stone lodged

By | 2019-03-17T04:25:29-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Stone Lodged in Goldfish's Throat Buy the book It's not common, but it can happen. A goldfish can get gravel stuck in its throat or nostril on occasion, and although gravel does pose a risk of swallowing a stone, it's important to keep a thin layer on your pond or aquarium floor. A favorite pastime, goldfish enjoy pecking through it in search of an uneaten morsel. Gravel offers a resting place for debris and uneaten food which may be removed with a gravel vacuum during your weekly maintenance How do goldfish breathe? Goldfish take in water through their mouths and nostrils, and then expel it through their gills. As the water is expelled, oxygen is absorbed. Because of this, it's important that a lodged stone is removed as soon as possible. Most fish that have a stone lodged manage to expel it on their own after a short time, but if an hour or so has passed, it may be wise to remove it. Goldfish can go without oxygen for 24 to 36 hours without suffering permanent damage Using natural shaped stone such as pea gravel may keep this from happening in the future. Natural stone is oddly shaped, unlike the painted rock found at pet shops How is the stone removed? It may be beneficial to reduce the temperature of the goldfish until you're prepared to remove the stone. Goldfish become dormant in colder water, needing less oxygen. This will also relax the fish a bit during the procedure. Chill tank water in the fridge until icy cold. Pour all around tank slowly; refill and repeat until water temperature is 60f It may be easier to perform procedure in a smaller container If the fish is a fighter, scoop the fish up in a container. Exchange one cup at a time of container water for chilled tank water until the container the fish is in is 50f If you have someone to assist; one person may hold the fish in the water; it's head just above, during this procedure; if not, it may be necessary to lay the fish on a clean towel. Make sure the area is well lit To catch a fish Use a container or a plastic bag to catch up the fish. If you use a net, keep it below the surface and scoop it up into a container. Raising a fish out of the water in a net may cause it to thrash about, injuring it Do not use sand in your pond or aquarium. Sand gets into the gills and causes serious issues. It also harbors harmful bacteria Cup your hands gently around the fish and lift on to the towel. Most fish will stop struggling after a few moments, but if the fish continues to thrash, it may be necessary to anesthetize it; follow link for instructions  Anesthetizing Goldfish Using a pipette, such as a tiny straw from a box of juice or a small piece of tubing, place one end [...]

13 09, 2015

Spike in the Cycle

By | 2019-04-09T05:26:33-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Spike in the Cycle could put your fish at risk Buy the book Spike in the cycle? There are two types of nitrifying bacteria that make up a colony. The first type feeds on ammonia, converting it to nitrite. The second type feeds on nitrite, converting it to nitrates; the third and final toxin in the cycle If your tank or pond has completed the nitrogen cycle; only nitrates are present, and they are in constant production, but tread cautiously, because the cycle is delicate, and is easily interrupted, creating a spike. If you're unaware; this could place your fish at risk What causes a spike in ammonia? A new fish; a rotting plant; feeding inconsistently; even a dead fish will increase the amount of waste, which increases amounts of ammonia. If these increased amounts are small; the toxin may go unnoticed, but if the levels are high enough; you might see clamped fins or even white burns on the fish Algae, the living plant After a spike in ammonia occurs, it will take time for the friendly bug colony to build up to a size that can handle the additional load; 6 to 8 weeks What causes a spike in nitrite? Some spikes are unavoidable, but some are caused by inconsistency in routine. Feed same amounts daily; feed a variety daily. Switching from peas one week to blood worms the next week may be risky; the worms being much higher in protein If ammonia is a consistent problem in your cycled goldfish house, test pH levels. In order for ammonia to become ionized, the water will need to be rich in oxygen and carbonate minerals; the two parameters making up the value of pH. If pH is healthy, test tap water for chloramines. If there are trace amounts of ammonia in your tap, this indicates your city uses combined ammonia (meaning chlorine and ammonia combined) to disinfect water. In this case it is necessary to treat all freshwater before adding to fish house If a spike in nitrite occurs, the cycling process will take less time, because nitrite is the second toxin to be converted; 2 to 4 weeks Make a habit of using the gravel vacuum either once, or twice a week, and stick to it. Rinse your filter sponge when you gravel vacuum. If food is added at a consistent basis, and waste is being removed on a consistent basis; beneficial bacteria will remain consistent also Spike in the cycle Treat fresh water for chlorine and chloramines. These disinfectants retard the formation of bacteria; good and bad alike, and if not converted will cause a spike in the cycle; maybe a big one Avoid rinsing the pump or filter; avoid allowing mechanics to dry; avoid leaving unplugged for more than a few minutes. If you get a new pump; leave your old one running while the new one becomes established spike in the cycle Spike in the cycle Keep water temperatures in the comfort zone. [...]

13 09, 2015

Power Outage

By | 2019-04-09T05:20:48-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Power Outage can happen to you Buy the book Power outage will happen to you sooner or later, so be prepared for a pump or a filter to stop running. Without our pumps and filters, we would be unsuccessful at keeping goldfish in tanks and aquariums. What happens if a pump slows or stops? This is a good reason for having more than one pump in your tank; having a back up in essential, but what if there is a power outage? Battery operated aerators and pumps, or power converters can be purchased; extra batteries kept on hand. Some of these can be plugged into the lighter of your vehicle to generate power, or connected to your vehicles battery. Generators are pricey, and must be kept outdoors, however, can save the day Carbon dioxide is created from waste, which goldfish make lots of. This harmful gas takes up space in a body of water, keeping oxygen from entering. In order for your tank or pond to be oxygenated these gases must be removed from the water. In an aquarium, the body of water is small compared to the surface area. Increased water movement is necessary to eliminate carbon dioxide. Only a real pond pump provides the right kind of action, however, in a power outage, we must manually remove gases Always keep Oop Boost on hand to oxygenate tank or pond water in case of an outage Moving water has many benefits. The moving water eliminates green water algae, forcing it to become substrate algae. Moving water breaks up supersaturated gases and expels carbon dioxide, and last but not least, moving water oxygenates and cools the water The larger the fish house, the longer the water will remain oxygenated Goldfish no power The smaller the body of water; the smaller the surface area; the greater the need for water movement Oxygenating Water When it does happen, and you find yourself with no battery operated equipment, or can't obtain it, move the water manually Push a pitcher deep into the water filling it. Bring it up, and pour it back in. Repeat this action 5 times per five gallons of water three to four times daily for standard stocking level Goldfish are cold blooded; meaning their body temperatures are the same as their environment. Goldfish consume less oxygen in colder temperatures because they become dormant. This is a positive attribute during a winter power outage and a summer outage as well; as long as there is plenty of ice on hand Feed normally in normal temperatures Withholding food can upset your fish's delicate digestive system, and starve the friendly bacteria. Feed less as temperatures drop. Feed only what the fish will eat in five minutes. In colder temperatures they will become slower; feeding less and less. Stop feeding when and if the temperature drops below 54 degrees Fahrenheit. When goldfish become dormant, so do the beneficial bacteria Power outage Perform normal water changes when feeding normally. Reduce amount being exchanged [...]

13 09, 2015

pH UP

By | 2019-04-09T05:36:42-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Raise your pH Up to the high side of the zone for excellent health Buy the book Symptoms; goldfish gasping at surface; goldfish at or close surface; redness of gills; goldfish upside down on the bottom; goldfish has bleeding eye pH up or down? Something is keeping oxygen from entering the water if the pH levels in your tank or pond water are much lower than your tap water. In order for a body of water to support oxygen, it must have a healthy KH level, be free of gases. It must also have the right kind of action and be exposed to fresh air. Then, and only then will the water's potential of hydrogen or pH levels remain consistently at healthy What is pH? pH UP Water is low in oxygen if goldfish hang out closer to the top than the bottom of their fish house. The higher the goldfish, the lower the oxygen levels. Click on the link below to increase oxygen levels in water  911 Water Change Learn how to buffer by reading Step 9 Water Parameters Carbonate hardness gives our water the ability to support oxygen. Test KH first and foremost. The comfort zone is 100 to 140 ppm. Buffer if necessary Test pH. The comfort zone is 7.4 to 8.4. Whenever KH is well within the comfort zone, pH should follow suit pH UP Carbonate mineral gives water the ability to support oxygen, however, it must also be free of carbon dioxide. Co2 is a gas created from the waste goldfish produce. Water must be free of gases and clouds in order to absorb oxygen from the surface. Water must also be exposed to fresh air, and also if the surface is disturbed. Surface movement helps pull oxygen from the air. We call this method of diffusion Buffering pH Test water parameter frequently Green water (free forming algae) can also fill a body of water keeping oxygen from entering. Green water algae is as easily eliminated as carbon dioxide. If your goldfish house has green water, your fish aren't getting the oxygen they need, and pH levels are probably low. The only healthy algae is substrate algae, and this can only be obtained when there is enough water movement to push the free floating algae on to substrate Algae the living plant The three year old fantail in the photo survived a pH crash, living for another 10 years. If you look closely, however, you'll see that the eye is bleeding Goldfish use less oxygen in colder water. Lower tank or pond temps if possible by chilling tank or pond water; one pitcher at a time to reduce the risk of injury due to prolonged oxygen deprivation Oxygen deprivation anoxia Goldfish Articles All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand

13 09, 2015

Pain and Stress Relief

By | 2019-03-17T04:28:00-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Pain and Stress Relief caused by injury buy the book Being prey fish, goldfish can easily become stressed; this is normal, but after the scare is over, they should calm down within moments. Some fish become overly excited in certain situations, darting through the water; crashing into decorations or even the side walls of its container. Although these fish are exhibiting stress, moving them could increase the amount of stress they're experiencing. These fish will benefit from a tonic which is performed in the main tank or pond Even if we're cautious with our fish and their environment, using great care with their maintenance and handling; even if we've created a safe habitat for them; accidents happen. Many a fish have been injured on a sharp decoration, or stuck in a filter, or even sucked up a gravel vacuum. Many a fish have been dropped on the floor, or jumped from its tank or pond Pain and stress relief These baths have been designed to relieve pain and suffering which causes goldfish increased amounts of stress; increasing the risk of shock which can lead to death or lesson its chances of survival Pain and stress relief Use one tablespoon of our Garlic Remedy in a five minute bath Place fish in bath for 2 to 3 minutes; repeat as necessary; make a fresh bath every time  If the fish show signs of stress return to main tank or pond, and it will return to normal within moments Cold Bath   or   Reduced Temps To give your fish a cold bath; use main tank water and a one gallon sized container. According to stress levels, fish should be refrigerated for 2 to 3 hours. Remove and let bath water and fish stand until gradually warmed to room or tank temperature; repeat as necessary; make a fresh bath every time Pain and stress relief To reduce the temperatures in your tank, chill tank water in the fridge; pour all around tank slowly; refill and repeat. The higher the stress; the lower the temperature should be; 55 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Repeat as necessary. Reduce feeding at 65f gradually stop feeding at 55f. Lowering temperatures reduces blood pressure, putting the into a semi state of dormancy Sea Salt Bath Natural Remedies Learn more All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand

13 09, 2015

Oxygen Deprivation

By | 2019-04-09T05:54:49-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Oxygen deprivation leads to anoxia Buy the book Oxygen deprivation is common with goldfish. Goldfish that have been deprived of oxygen suffer from a condition known as anoxia; caused by oxygen deprivation; causing organs to shut down. Goldfish are the highest level of life form that are known to survive without oxygen for long periods of time; up to 24, even 36 hours The fish in the photo below are suffering from oxygen deprivation, gasping at the surface in an attempt to take in oxygen. It doesn't work. If you look closely, you see hemorrhaging on the orange fish around the gill plate Goldfish gasping at surface Causes for oxygen deprivation may be low pH levels, and or not enough surface action, combined with a covered aquarium and we have a recipe for disaster. Referred to as a pH crash; when pH levels decline rapidly into the danger zone; fish can and do die suddenly. Most of these fish could be easily revived if the goldfish keeper knew what to do Your freshwater source has a natural pH which you should have tested to make sure it falls in the comfort zone;  7.4 pH to 8.4 ppm with the higher side of the zone preferred. In simple terms, pH (potential of hydrogen) is a combined measurement of (KH) carbonate mineral and oxygen. Carbonate mineral gives water the ability to support life, so we start by measuring this mineral and buffering if necessary Goldfish yawning The comfort zone for KH is 70 to 120 ppm, but again, the higher side of the zone is preferred. Use bicarbonate of soda to increase KH levels; start by premixing 1/8 teaspoon (per 10 gallons of water) to freshwater before a water change. After returning freshwater, wait for a good half hour and then test KH again. If lower than the 120 ppm goal, pull one gallon of tank water, premix another eight teaspoon and pour all around slowly, mixing with your hand as you do so. Continue with this process until the desired amount is achieved Once the KH levels are up to 120 ppm, test pH. If the desired reading is 8.4 ppm or close to it. If it's much lower, push a pitcher deep into the aquarium or pond water, filling it; pour back in; repeat this action for a good five to 10 minutes. Test pH and repeat pitcher method if necessary. If your KH reading is at 120 ppm, your pH have the potential of rising to 8. 4 Some KH testers test low. If your tester reads 120 ppm, but the pH levels are still low, take a sample of your tank and tap (to compare the two) to the pet shop for a free test, or contact your local water service for carbonate mineral readings To support life; water must have a reading between 6.0 to 9.0 pH Oxygenating Water Re oxygenation If increasing pH level doesn't help your fish, the following therapy may Scoop your fish [...]

13 09, 2015

Nitrates in Tap Water

By | 2019-04-09T05:38:40-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Nitrates in Tap water is dangerous for our fish and our families Buy the book Nitrates in tap water; it's uncommon, but it happens. In some cases high levels of nitrates pollute what should be fresh and healthy drinking water. When this happens, filters can make our water safe to drink, or we can buy bottled water, but what about our goldfish? Filters remove the toxins, but they also remove the value from water; the minerals goldfish need Using RO water for goldfish helps reduce nitrates in tap water by diluting Most bottled water has been filtered, or stripped of its value, known as reverse osmosis, this water will not support life, and is next to impossible to keep buffered, a constant battle, placing the fish at risk. Ammonia and nitrite in tap water Where waste is found, ammonia forms, and where ammonia forms, beneficial bacteria form to feed on it, converting it to nitrite. Ammonia and nitrite are easily converted by the use of water treatment, because they are typically found in insignificant amounts when present in tap water, but nitrates can rise to dangerous levels, and water treatment can only safely convert 5 ppm of the toxin Nitrates are more commonly found in well water in rural areas close to farms due to the use of fertilizers Nitrate, the gentle giant Benefits of algae Algae feeds on nitrates, lowering levels. Other plants also feed on the toxin, but cannot complete with algae appetite. We can use this to our advantage when nitrates are present in our tap water by encouraging the formation of the vegetation in our goldfish house, but we can also create a freshwater container that contains reduced nitrate levels by encouraging the formation of algae Algae the Living Plant Some goldfish keepers see algae as nuisance, or even think of it as scum, something that needs to be eliminated, not realizing it's value. Algae not only feeds on nitrates, keeping levels low in a cycled tank or pond, but it's also a valuable food source for our goldfish The size of the freshwater container should match or come close to matching the size of your goldfish house. It takes time for algae to feed on nitrates, and reduce the toxin to safe levels. Most of us exchange a good 20 to 30% of our tank or pond water each week, and it may take a week or two for the algae to do its job Our rivers and lakes are filled with plant life, including algae and moss. Nitrates are consumed as they're being produced. It's unnatural for our fish to have to tolerate nitrates, as in the wild, they would be living in water free of the toxin Removing nitrates in tap water This freshwater container will need it's own pond pump in order to keep the water oxygenated and free of bad bacteria. It will also need a light source. The brighter the light, the faster the algae will form. Algae prefers the [...]

13 09, 2015

Nitrate Poisoning

By | 2019-04-09T06:25:07-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Nitrate Poisoning takes its toll Buy the book Two or more of the following symptoms may be associated with nitrate poisoning; loss of appetite; bottom sitting; pressed to the bottom; bent positioning; curled positioning; crooked spine; uncontrolled swimming; swimming in circles High nitrate levels create dangerous water conditions by oxidizing the iron atoms in hemoglobin, and by reducing oxygen supply to the blood stream and tissue. This condition is called Methemoglobinemia; closely related to the effects of DCS Bottom Sitting The symptom; bottom sitting is an effort made by the goldfish to equalize oxygen levels. The fish may exhibit bent positioning in the final stage; much like the scuba diver that swims in too deep of waters and surfaces too quickly develops a disorder called decompression sickness (DCS) better known as 'the bends' or caisson disease Nitrate Shock Even though your goldfish may tolerate high nitrate levels in its main tank or pond it may be injured after a large water change.  Goldfish suffering nitrate poisoning must have deep water. The pressure created from water relieves the pressure caused by nitrates. As the water table is decreased, the pressure caused by the toxin is increased, worsening the condition Nitrate poisoning Since we know nitrates rob the blood of oxygen; goldfish suffering from nitrate shock or poisoning require extreme amounts of oxygen in the water if they are to recover. This can only be accomplished by using a pond pump. These pumps shoot a jet of water to the surface, agitating it. This action expels carbon dioxide from the water; freeing the body of water; allowing to absorb oxygen. The greater the surface action, the greater the oxygen levels, but only if the surface is exposed to fresh air. How to reduce nitrate levels safely Perform 5% water changes at a time, removing and replacing same amount. Continue with these small water changes until nitrate levels are reduced to 12 ppm If water treatment that converts nitrates is available; use to convert these remaining levels by treating entire tank size with a double dose Reduce temperatures Until oxygen levels are raised and nitrate levels are reduced; reduce water temperature to 54f This can be accomplished by using colder water with each fresh water change; cranking up the air conditioner; pointing a fan at the tank and placing frozen pop bottles in front of it, or chill some tank water in the fridge or freezer; freeze some stones with smooth surface Slow feeding at 64f; stop feeding at 55f Step 6: Oxygenated Water Increasing the depth increases the water pressure, and increasing the water pressure relieves the affects of nitrates on goldfish; a deeper tank is preferred for treatment. If your tank or pond is shallow, it may be beneficial to transfer fish to a (clean and free of contaminants) deeper container such a tall bucket or even a trash can; using a fresh liner during recovery, but only if the proper set up can be provided Nitrate poisoning The following treatments [...]

11 09, 2015

Digestive Disorders

By | 2019-03-17T03:56:46-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Digestive Disorders in Goldfish and Koi Buy the book Digestive Disorders issues are common in goldfish, and most of these issues are caused from improper feeding, but once in a while, genetics plays a role. If your fish exhibit any of the symptoms above, a slow moving or even an impacted intestinal tract could be the culprit. In the wild, goldfish would spend most of the day in search of food; constant grazers. The food most in abundance is vegetation Other food sources goldfish eat in the wild are small fish, fish eggs, worms and bugs which are difficult to find, the competition for food being fierce. Because of these feeding habits, they've evolved without having real stomachs. Eating too much food too quickly can cause a slow moving or impacted tract Offer your fish a similar diet as they would eat in the wild. Feed less more often. Feed more vegetables and fewer flakes or pellets. Never feed floating pellets, and make sure food is pre moistened and held below the surface before being released so it sinks. Spread food in a sweeping motion so the food will be harder to find, which will keep them from overeating Floating Issues Constipation in goldfish? The biggest mistake goldfish keepers make is feeding too much, too infrequently. This leads to gorging; which can lead to gastric issues, constipation and blockage. Unfortunately, the goldfish just doesn't know when to stop. Another mistake even the best of goldfish keepers make; is holding back food. Some experts believe withholding food relieves constipation, but it doesn't.  Either feeding method causes serious gastric issues that could interfere with the function of the swim bladder; the two being connected Digestive disorders in goldfish Just as the water in your tank or pond needs to be kept moving to discourage bad bacteria from forming, the same holds true with food moving through the intestinal tract. Slow moving food, or food that becomes impacted provides the perfect breeding ground for harmful bacteria; infecting the fish. If it goes unchecked, the bad bugs can spread throughout the body rapidly. Plants and vegetables are roughage which helps food and waste move through the tract. Flakes and pellets are considered as refined foods; slowing the movement Because goldfish are cold blooded, meaning they have no core body temperature, their body function slows as the temperature lowers. Feeding goldfish in cold water could lead to digestive issues. Dormancy begins at 64f. When treating goldfish with digestive disorders, raise the temperature to the high side of the comfort zone for increased body function. Many digestive issues are created because the fish are overfed in cold water No matter how hard it tries, this fish cannot stay on the bottom to feed. As soon as it stops swimming, it rises uncontrollably Comfort zone for water temperature is 64f to 74f Every goldfish diet should include peas. Peas are high in nutritional value, high in roughage, and goldfish love them If your tank has some [...]

11 09, 2015

Class H Symptoms

By | 2019-03-18T06:26:29-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Class H Goldfish Symptoms: Buy the book Goldfish is in distress; Goldfish has white marks or patches; Goldfish has clamped fins; Goldfish has black patches; Goldfish has red blotches; Goldfish has broken blood vessels; Goldfish has red streaks in tail fin click here and follow instructions for 911 Freshwater Change Chill some fresh, cold, treated and worked over tap water in the fridge. Pour all around tank slowly; refill and repeat. Reduce tank water temperature to 54f until you have obtained or are using water treatment that converts ammonia and nitrite to a safe form Test for ammonia and nitrite. If either toxin is present, your tank or pond is cycling or the cycle has broken Perform daily water changes using water treatment that converts ammonia and nitrite to a safe form. Continue daily use until there are zero levels of ammonia and or nitrite. Treat entire tank size with every water change Goldfish can exhibit symptoms of nitrite poisoning long after the fact. This toxin is similar to nitrates, and must be treated by increasing oxygen levels in the water Learn about the toxins that create the nitrogen cycle and how to use water treatment to convert toxins by reading the 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping Treat with Aloe Remedy Class goldfish symptoms Most goldfish that have been exposed to levels of ammonia, nitrite and nitrates become super sensitive to the toxin  Goldfish Distress symptoms All rights Author: Brenda Rand

11 09, 2015

Class G Symptoms

By | 2019-03-18T06:25:12-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Class G Symptoms: Buy the book Goldfish has raised scales; Goldfish is pine coning; goldfish has diminished appetite Exposure to high water temps or fever caused by infection Goldfish have no core body temperature, and when the temperatures rise; they are at risk of heat stroke and even death. When goldfish become overheated, the scales lift in an attempt to cool the body. If tank or pond temps are in the comfort zone 65f to 72f, your fish may have infection. Just like humans, and other animals, high temperatures are often the result of infection in goldfish Goldfish are coldblooded fish, and their body temperature is that of their environment. They can stand temperatures above freezing up to 74f without experiencing discomfort, however, they cannot tolerate high temperatures Class G Symptoms Chill tank water in fridge and freezer. Pour all around slowly. Refill and repeat until temps are at 54f. Make some ice cubes from treated water to float in fish house. Set up a fan so that it blows towards the tank, cooling the air around it Class G Symptoms Follow these instructions for 911 Freshwater Change in main tank or pond If you know your fish have not experienced temperatures over 74f, it's likely infection has caused the fish to pine cone. Make sure you're fish house water is as good as it can be by reading the 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping Recommended treatments:  Garlic Remedy rotate with Mint Medley Do not use salt on fish with raised scales or fish that are bloated Class goldfish symptoms Goldfish Distress symptoms All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand

11 09, 2015

Class F Symptom

By | 2019-03-18T06:24:03-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Class F Symptoms: Buy the book Goldfish bloated or swollen; Goldfish is listless; Goldfish has loss of appetite Possible exposure to extreme amounts of; metals, too high of a mineral content in water; household or garden chemicals; chlorine or chloramines, medications; salts; over use of water treatments; high temperatures; foods containing purines; foods high in protein; plastics; tannin; all of which may contribute organ failure Organ failure Class F symptoms Click here and follow instructions for 911 Freshwater Change in main tank or pond Chill tank water in the fridge; pour all around tank slowly; refill and repeat. Reduce tank water temperature to 64f until you're prepared to start treatment Dandy Remedy Since goldfish have no core body temperature the cold water will place them into dormancy. They use less oxygen and toxins are less harmful in cold temperatures, buying us some time to prepare for treatment. Do not use regular salts on fish suffering from organ failure Follow up treatments: Garlic Remedy and Mean Green Class F symptoms Follow up with small daily water changes; study Goldfish Care Eliminate fish flakes, pellets and high protein foods until fish is fully recovered; then add back gradually. Feed nothing but algae, algae wafers or blanched fresh spinach or green leaf lettuce Poisoning of any kind greatly compromises the organs. Avoid using sodium or medications in food or water Do not feed peas during recovery time Class F symptoms Green peas contain naturally-occurring substances called purines. Purines are commonly found in plants, animals, and humans. In some individuals who are susceptible to purine-related problems, excessive intake of these substances can cause health problems. Since purines can be broken down to form uric acid, excess accumulation of purines in the body can lead to excess accumulation of uric acid. The health condition called "gout" and the formation of kidney stones from uric acid are two examples of uric acid-related problems that can be related to excessive intake of purine-containing foods. For this reason, individuals with kidney problems or gout may want to limit or avoid intake of purine-containing foods such as green peas Class F symptoms Class goldfish symptoms Goldfish Distress symptoms All rights Author: Brenda Rand

11 09, 2015

Class E Symptoms

By | 2019-03-18T06:22:46-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Class E Symptoms: Buy the book Goldfish Symptoms: Goldfish is in distress; Goldfish is bottom sitting; Goldfish has no appetite; Goldfish not eating; Goldfish is curled; Goldfish has bent position; Goldfish folded over; Goldfish is crooked; Goldfish is swimming somersaults; Goldfish is swimming in circles; Goldfish appears sunken; Goldfish appears concaved The symptoms above are most commonly caused by high nitrate levels or reducing nitrate levels too quickly. Nitrates, a toxin found only in a cycled tank or pond are deadly to goldfish and humans alike in high amounts, oxidizing the iron atoms in hemoglobin, reducing oxygen the supply to the blood stream and tissue. This condition is called Methemoglobinemia. Goldfish that have nitrate issues prefer deep water. The added water pressure reduces the pressure caused by nitrates Similar symptoms are caused by supersaturated gases (concentrated amounts of oxygen) found in tap water Read about supersaturated gases The preferred maximum nitrate levels are12 ppm Reduce nitrate levels gradually to reduce the risk of further injury. Goldfish that been injured from nitrates prefer deeper water conditions, so fill your tank or pond to the brim to relieve pressure Perform small (5%) water changes to keep water table as full as possible Use cold water from the tap with each water change; gradually lowering temperatures and nitrate levels. Goldfish are less susceptible to high nitrates in colder temperatures because they use less oxygen; 54f to 64 degrees Fahrenheit is recommended during recovery period. This can be accomplished by using colder water with each fresh water change; cranking up the air conditioner; pointing a fan at the tank and placing frozen pop bottles in front of it, or chill some tank water in the fridge; the colder the better Test for nitrates in tap water After nitrates are lowered, use this remedy to repair blood cells Mean Green Remedy Because nitrates rob the blood of oxygen, oxygen levels in the tank or pond water must be increased to improve condition Read and learn the 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping Follow the instructions found here 911 Freshwater Change Read this article and follow instructions for treatment Nitrate the Gentle Giant If you do have high nitrates in your tank all of the fish are being affected; some more sensitive than others Class goldfish symptoms Goldfish Distress symptoms All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand

11 09, 2015

Class B Symptoms

By | 2019-03-18T06:19:52-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Class B Symptoms   Buy the book Oxygen Deprivation Class B Symptoms: Goldfish is gasping at surface; Goldfish has bleeding from eye; Goldfish has redness at gills; Goldfish has rapid gill movement; Goldfish has bulging eye(s) Goldfish is blowing bubbles from gills; Goldfish is swimming closer to the surface than the bottom of tank or pond Goldfish Distress symptoms Oxygen Deprivation If your goldfish exhibit one or more of the symptoms above, your fish house may have depleted oxygen levels. We can measure oxygen by testing pH and KH both, because pH is a measurement of carbonate hardness and oxygen combined. Levels drop if the carbonate hardness is low or if the water is slow moving or stagnant Step 1 Reduce tank or pond water temperature by chilling fish house water. Scoop fish house water into containers and pitchers. Store the water in the fridge or the freezer. Pour all around fish house slowly. Refill and repeat until temps are at 54f. Goldfish use less oxygen in cold water because they become dormant. Placing goldfish into dormancy is a safe method of buying time TEST pH The comfort zone for pH is 7.4 to 8.4 ppm with the higher side preferred If pH levels are low, test carbonate levels (KH) The comfort zone is 70 to 120 ppm with the higher side preferred If the KH carbonate value is low; increase by premixing bicarbonate of (baking) soda into a gallon of tank or pond water Always premix in freshwater or a gallon of fish house water. Start by adding a 1/2 teaspoon per 10 gallons of fish house water. Wait for a half hour; test again and repeat if necessary. It's important to buffer KH slowly to keep from getting the measurement too high If the KH is healthy but pH low, the oxygen levels in your fish house are low, remove top of aquarium if enclosed. Push a pitcher deep into the water filling it. Raise it up and pour it back in. Repeat this process 10 times per 10 gallons of fish house water. This practice removes Co2, a gas created from the waste fish produce. Standard filtering systems do not remove these gases like a real pond pump. Carbon dioxide fills a body of water, keeping oxygen from entering Test pH again after performing the pitcher method above. Did it rise? If so, consider adding a pond pump to your set up. Learn more about goldfish and how to oxygenate water by reading the 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping Class B Symptoms If pH and KH is healthy, check the gills of your fish to see if they are obstructed with fungus or parasites, red, swollen or inflamed. If so, perform the Sea SALT Remedy If the fish is darting through the water in a panic, check the nostrils and the mouth for obstructions Stone Lodged The following contribute to low oxygen levels by filling the body of water, keeping oxygen from entering Carbon dioxide, [...]

11 09, 2015

Bad Bacteria Infection 911

By | 2017-05-08T09:50:28-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Bad Bacteria Infection 911 is typically caused by poor water quality  Buy the book Bad bacteria 911 Symptoms: Shredded fins; missing scales; white cloud in water; abscesses; fungus Bad bacteria 911 is everywhere just waiting for an opportunity. It thrives in water that is low in oxygen and warm whereas goldfish and Koi, along with beneficial bacteria prefer the opposite environment, cold and heavily oxygenated water. The smaller the body of water, the more water movement is required. Oxygen destroys bad bacteria, keeping the ecosystem healthy Bad bacteria infection 911 The set ups we keep our goldfish in are designed for tropical fish, not goldfish. This doesn't mean it won't work, it just means in order to keep them healthy, a few changes will have to be made Perform a life saving water change by clicking here For bad bacteria infection 911 refer to: Bacteria, Friend or Foe Oxygenating Water For Bad bacteria infection 911 recommend the following Oop Boost Sea Salt and Garlic Remedy Read the 10 Steps to Goldfish and Koi Care and follow each step to improve the ecosystem in your fish house Bad bacteria infection 911   Back to Diagnose symptoms and treat     Author: Brenda Rand

11 09, 2015

911 Water Change

By | 2018-12-18T10:32:19-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

911 Water Change Buy the book If your goldfish are showing signs of sickness, performing the 911 water change is the key to bringing them back to good health. Goldfish and Koi are only as healthy as the water they swim in. Treatments are beneficial but futile if the water is polluted with toxins, bad bacteria or low in oxygen. The goldfish in the photo below are gasping at the surface in an attempt to get oxygen, but it won't work Most goldfish keepers may believe their fish are begging for food, and with dire consequences You may not have a master test kit, and because knowing your water parameters is all important, lower water temperatures as you perform the 911 water change until a kit can be obtained. Because goldfish and Koi are cold blooded, they become dormant in colder water using less oxygen. Toxins, parasites and bad bacteria are less dangerous in colder water Chill fish house water in the fridge or freezer one pitcher at a time; pour in slowly and all around; refill and repeat. Lower temps from 54f to 64f and keep them there until you have water treatment that converts ammonia, nitrite and a test kit on hand. Slow feeding at 64f; stop feeding at 54f Do not chill fish with floating or sinking issues Reducing water temperature Colder temperatures slow the digestive system. Slow feeding at 64f; stop feeding at 54f After you have obtained a test kit and water treatment Test fish house water for ammonia, nitrites and nitrates Learn about the nitrogen cycle If ammonia and or nitrite is present, but zero nitrates your fish house is not cycled Ammonia and nitrites are toxic to our fish. If these toxins are present, you will need to use water treatment that converts either or both to a safe form. Water treatment converts 1 ppm of ammonia and nitrite per single dosage; 2 ppm for a double dose. Do not exceed double dosage. If ammonia and or nitrite levels exceed 2 ppm, exchange enough water to lower to convertible levels If ammonia and or nitrites are present, but nitrates are also present, your fish house is cycled, but a spike has occurred Learn about ammonia Test daily if ammonia and nitrite are present  Test weekly for nitrates Learn how to cycle a pond pump without risking the lives of your fish by reading the SEMI live fish free cycle 911 Water Change If only nitrates are present, your fish house has completed the cycle. Nitrates are tolerated in low amounts; 10 to 20 ppm Always premix water treatment in freshwater with a water change. Water treatment begins to degrade within 24 hrs after use. Daily water changes will need to be performed if ammonia and nitrites are present in any amount If your fish house is cycled with nitrates present exchange 5% (of tank or pond water) every half hour (nitrates must be reduced gradually) exchange 40% max daily until nitrates are at safe [...]

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