I'm liking the looks of this filter but I'd like to get an opinion here. I do like the one w/the basket from Walmart but the sponge on this pump is intriguing and a pretty good price. Thank you!
Looking forward to our first official 'Give us your fish' to come in; tuesday morning to be exact; donated by an anonymous member. It's progress, along with photos of it's arrival, the acclimation process and placement into its new home will be posted here The fish is healthy before shipping, and hopefully it will arrive in the same shape It's going to be spending its first few weeks in a tub with three relatively new comets. The new fish has just recently lost its tank mate, and may be feeling down because of it. Being stuck in a box for close to a day is more than a little upsetting as well. It should be interesting to see its attitude I'm reasonably certain the new fish is a comet, but not sure of the sex
I visited my dad's friend's 2 outdoor ponds today and here are the parameters: 2700gallon pond, 5.2ft 33 large koi, pond 2 years old: KH 65 GH 20 - 40 Ammonia 0.1 Nitrite 0.1 - 0.3 Nitrate 50+ (under 100) One fish in the large pond has bulging red eyes, another has a big bulge on the side of its body. 770gallon pond, 3.5ft 20 large koi, pond 6 years old: KH 30 GH 20-40 Ammonia 0.1 Nitrite 0.1-0.3 Nitrate 50 He appears to have a problem with high nitrates and low KH and low GH. He had to keep doing water changes to keep nitrates low or they can exceed 100ppm. The ponds are quite full with koi and they swim slowly. Each pond has a small waterfall that brings water down from above and a filtration fixture at the bottom on the pond that sucks debris out to an external canister. The larger pond has a fixture at the bottom of the deep end that can push water upwards with surface action like a pond pump. There are constant low levels of salt (0.12) in the ponds to prevent infection. I've forwarded this site to Dad's friend and linked this blog post to him. Hoping he can followup with you here on how to treat.
Worms aquarium pond are unsightly Worms aquarium pond are unsightly, but if you can see them, they're probably harmless. The two common types of visual worms are planaria (flatworms) and nematodes, which are round and wiggley. Visual worms are can be brought into your fish house by plants or even your hands after digging in a garden. Natural pea gravel which sometimes comes in a muddy bag may be the source. Rinse everything thoroughly before adding to your fish house. Plants should be dipped in salt or bleach water Parasitic worms are difficult to see, unless you have a magnifying glass. They don't survive outside of the intestines for long, although your fish may pass them on occasion if infected. Symptoms of parasitic worms are extreme weight loss, even though plenty of food is available, and the fish eating Fish tank worms Another common worm is the anchor worm. It lives outside of the body, attaching itself to the fish, feeding on it. These worms are visual, but you must look closely to see them Excluding parasitic worms are easily eliminated by feeding our gel food with natural antibiotic or shelled peas marinated in garlic water. Feed nothing else but for 10 days straight to destroy them. Wait for twenty days and repeat. Parasitic worms depend on a slow moving and unhealthy tract to thrive. Feed less food more often, and feed a variety of food that includes vegetables, such as blanched spinach and shelled peas. Feed in a spreading motion so that your fish has to work for its supper. Gorging causes constipation which also leads to bad bacteria infection and floating issues Worms aquarium pond All other types of worms depend on an unhealthy environment to thrive. They prefer water low in mineral and oxygen value Use our Sea salt and garlic remedy to eliminate anchor worms or the Garlic remedy if you've recently salted your fish house. A second, and perhaps even a third round may be required to eliminate hatching larvae Visual worms may be more stubborn, but the same remedies should work if your water quality is improved. Another tip is to reduce the amount of food you feed, which may encourage your fish to eat the worms, although smaller goldfish may not be able to eat worms larger than their mouth. Some fish show no interest, due to the fact they're simple not used to eating live food pH 8. max pH is a combined reading for carbonate mineral (KH) and oxygen. If low, test KH value. If KH is low, buffer to 120 using bicarbonate of soda. Test pH after buffering. If low, remove top if aquarium is enclosed and increase water movement by adding a pond pump KH 120 max Carbonate mineral measures alkalinity, and gives water the ability to support oxygen. This critical mineral should is best kept at the high end of the comfort zone GH 300 max General hardness is a combination of magnesium and calcium, but most [...]
Goldfish Vase My brother and his girlfriend have left me their vase (!!!) of three small goldfish for 5 days. The vase has some plants inside and some pebbles at the floor but no pump or filter. They usually do a 50% water change every few days and feed once to twice daily. The fish have been I would like to get them a proper tank and water pump, but I am concerned that suddenly changing the environment will shock the fish. I don't think that they will take home a tank greater than 10 gallons. What do you think of this pump? I don't see a water intake area for a sponge though... Fish now in five gallon aquarium
Fish proof aquarium pond to keep them safe Fish proof aquarium pond to keep goldfish and Koi safe hazardous mechanics, sharp fake plants and decorations. Countless a fish will die after being injured by a filter or pump. Water is pulled into a pond pump and then pushed back out in a powerful jet stream that shoots from the floor to the surface creating a fountain. The same holds true for H.O.B filters, only the water is pulled up through a pipe and falls down to the surface creating a water fall effect Goldfish care Only the smallest fish could be pulled through the intake and injured by the blades that push water, however, even not so small fish are at risk if the intake is exposed Every exposed intake must be covered with a sponge for more than one reason. The sponge acts as a filter keeping the water clear and the pond pump running smoothly, however, sponges also protect fish from getting injured. Even the down spout intakes must have sponges Goldfish information Fish proof aquarium pond Use aquarium safe sponges or natural sea sponges. Make certain the entire intake area is well covered. The slightest exposure of the intake could cause injury Use natural pea gravel as a substrate instead of painted pet shop gravel. Painted gravel begins to peel and chip after a few short years; not good for goldfish. Avoid the use of sand, as it irritates gills and harbors bad bacteria The fish is not fooled by the silk plants in the photo below, but friends will be Fish proof aquarium pond Safe goldfish aquarium Plastic plants are popular, however, pointed leaves may be sharp enough to injure the fish. If you prefer fake plants, try silk. The move more fluidly with the motion of the water, looking very real Goldfish House All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand
Feeding Goldfish Koi is fun for the entire family STEP 10 Buy the Books Feeding goldfish Koi is a little more complicated than sprinkling flakes on the water surface once or twice a day. We should be feeding our fish close to the same way and the same foods they would eat in their natural environment. In the wild, goldfish spend most of their time nibbling and grazing; eating food as they come across it. These foods consist mostly of vegetation, fish eggs and small fish. In the wild, food is scarce Competition is fierce in the wild. Fish eggs, small fry and worms are few and far between. Vegetation makes up for the biggest part of their diet because it's plentiful. Because of these habits, goldfish have evolved with stomachs the size of their eye. We could almost say they don't have stomachs. The food they eat digests very quickly, leaving their system within a few short hours Feeding goldfish Feed less more often 4 to 6 times a day The goldfish swim bladder organ is connected to the intestinal tract where carbon dioxide is exchanged. Co2 is a gas created from waste. This gas exchange allows fish to rise or sink at will. Improper feeding leads to an impacted or slow tract, which can trap the gas in the bladder, leading to floating issues Feed less more often to keep the tract moving Offer similar types of food found in their natural habitat. There is no fruit or pork; no beef or chicken, and certainly no dairy products, however, you will find an abundance of vegetation Keep smaller fish separate from larger fish. Goldfish will eat anything they can fit in their mouths including their tank mates Goldfish, just like humans need a varied diet because feeding a limited diet of flakes and pellets leads to an impacted tract, contributing to digestive disorders. Choose a food brand that contains less filler, such as ash. Ash consists of low grade seafood parts: scales and bone used as fillers. Feed less flakes and pellets. Flakes and pellets contain additives. Even though these food products provide the nutrition our fish need, with a little extra labor and a little added expense, our fish could be fed a healthy diet with less processed foods Goldfish care Feeding only once or twice a day causes gorging Bottom dwellers by nature, this is where our fish feel safe from predators. Goldfish eyes are located in a position where it's difficult for them to see below, and because of it, feeding at the surface may cause stress. Most new goldfish keepers make the mistake of sprinkling flakes on the surface. Surface feeding causes fish to gulp air which often leads to air bubbles in their pooh or air bubbles being released through their mouth and gills. Taking in air leads to serious issues that can easily be avoided by feeding properly Feeding goldfish Koi Gather the entire amount of food to be fed in hand. Hold food beneath water surface to moisten. Release in a spreading motion over a large area to [...]
Water Changes reduce nitrates, increase oxygen and mineral value STEP 8 Buy the Books Water changes must be performed frequently to keep oxygen levels up and nitrates down in our goldfish house. We've learned that beneficial bacteria are responsible for the nitrogen cycle. Without these friendly bugs, goldfish would be poisoned by their own waste. Keeping fish safe in captivity would be a challenge if not impossible without this miracle of nature Without the nitrogen cycle, life would not exist as we know it Nitrates are the third and final conversion in the cycle; tolerated by goldfish at low levels. This toxin can only be removed by means of a partial water change. If the environment in your goldfish house cannot support beneficial bacteria, then it will support harmful bacteria. If bad bugs flourish in your tank or pond, your goldfish won't. It's that simple Cleaning goldfish aquarium Exchange less water more often to keep nitrates at consistent levels Water changes Another reason to perform frequent water changes; goldfish emit a growth hormone dangerous at high levels. Goldfish in overstocked tanks are at risk of being poisoned by these hormones which may stunt growth. These same hormones cause cancer, heart disease and even death Add plants to your set up. Plants feed on nitrates keeping levels at bay. There is one plant that forms naturally in the right conditions with no maintenance, and that's algae Fish are at risk of ammonia and or nitrite poisoning if the cycle has not completed If your tank has not cycled, perform daily water changes between 20% to 30% (depending on stocking levels) for the next 8 to 10 weeks. Use water treatment (enough for entire tank size) that eliminates ammonia, nitrite, chlorine and chloramines Refer to Step 5: Water Treatment: to determine recommended dosages required for making conversions Never perform a 100% water change. Along with the bad bacteria and toxins, you'll be throwing out water that provides nourishment for good bacteria also If your tank has cycled perform bi weekly water changes of 10% to 20% depending on stocking levels. Eliminate chlorine or convert chloramines using water treatment if present Water changes aquarium An overstocked tank requires increased amounts of partial water changes Test fish water before every water change; adjust water changes accordingly. The comfort zone is 20 to 40 ppm with the lower end of the scale being preferred; a buffering zone in case of a spike Here are some tips to keep water changes easier Make sure water buckets have strong and secure handles Keep the buckets light so they're easy to carry; don't over fill Take your time. Don't rush through bailing water; slow and steady Keep a towel beneath buckets while removing or adding water Keep filters and pumps in fish water at all times Never use detergents or cleaning agents on goldfish house or equipment Work water over to remove supersaturated gases from tap water Never add water treatment or any other substances directly to goldfish tank Keep a watchful eye on running water from a faucet unattended How [...]
Pond pumps belong in every goldfish and Koi house STEP 7 Buy the Books Pond pumps belong in every goldfish and Koi house. There are many fancy and expensive filtering systems available in all price ranges, some costing hundreds of dollars. Pet shop filters are designed for tropical fish; not goldfish. Standard filtering systems are located at the top of the aquarium where there is little or no waste. Even though there's an intake extension that comes close to the floor, the intake is slow, and it sits to the side of the tank Filters and pumps do much more than push water and filter it, they house beneficial bacteria Goldfish create a lot of waste which accumulates at the bottom of the tank where they rest and feed. Friendly bugs feed on the ammonia created by their waste. The home they live in should be located in the same proximity, encouraging them to build strong colonies, making for a strong cycle Boost pH by performing water changes Water filter verses pond pumps New fish keepers use carbon in their filters, assuming it will keep the cycle from forming; referred to a cycle free tank, but products and others like it are not predictable. Your fish are at risk in a cycle free environment Encouraging consistent pH levels, oxygenated water is the key to a healthy ecosystem pH; Potential of Hydrogen How pond pumps work Pushing water from the bottom to the surface; a simple, submersible pond pump creates a powerful jet stream that clears Co2 from water. No goldfish set up is complete without one, because no other filter or pump provides the necessary action to clear a body of water Goldfish Care Pond pumps typically come equipped with water volume controls. These settings may be turned up or down to obtain the desired action. When cleaning tank or sponges, a higher setting should be powerful enough to clear a cloud in the water quickly Switching from a standard filtering system to a pond pump is easy. Leave your old filter up and running for two to three months after installing a pond pump. If it has a volume control, turning it down will be discourage beneficial bacteria from forming in it, and encourage them to form in the new pond pump. Friendly bugs prefer ponds because they move water faster, making for increased oxygen levels. They sit close to the waste, which produces their food source. Remove the old system after the waiting period, and you're good to go Cleaning goldfish aquarium Friendly bugs require heavily oxygenated water and complete darkness for reproducing Water filters verses pond pumps Wrap an aquarium safe sponge around the intake of your pond pump. The sponges filters free floating debris from water, and keeps the pump running smoothly. Rinse sponges in old tank water. Even though the sponge may appear clean at the top, grunge accumulates mostly at the bottom. Vacuum beneath the pump. Perform this task weekly; depending on your stocking levels How maintain pond pumps Warning: Make sure sponges completely cover intake valves. Exposed intakes may result [...]
Water treatment for aquariums and ponds STEP 5 Buy the Books Water treatment is used to neutralize chlorine and chloramines. Cities add cleaning agents to prevent harmful bacteria growth, making water safe to drink, however, both chemicals are dangerous to fish and friendly bugs that create the nitrogen cycle Combined ammonia; referred to as chloramines; gives the agent staying power in large cities Chlorine is a liquid gas, and is easily eliminated from water by exposing it to fresh air; Add a simple pond pump to your freshwater bucket. Oxygen destroys chlorine on contact. The process takes up to 24 hours Goldfish care Chemicals found in water treatment: Sulfur dioxide, bisulfites, hydrosulfites, aqueous solution buffered at pH 8 with ameliorating ingredients and reducing agents are all chemicals used to create water treatment Although relatively safe in low amounts for healthy fish, these substances burn fish that have little or no slime coat due to living in an unhealthy environment. Use a product that enhances or builds slime coat when using increased amounts of water treatment. Slime coating can be increased by giving the fish a Sea Salt Remedy Salt irritates their skin, causing them to secrete a protective coating Read more about slime coat Aloe Remedy is another means of increasing the slime coat as your fish receive many other benefits as well A healthy slime coat helps reduce the risk of infection as well as avoid poisoning by water treatment. Goldfish with a healthy slime coat are more tolerant to low levels of ammonia, high KH levels and disease in general Warning: Do not use Stress coat water treatment for increasing slime coat when cycling a tank or pond. Stress coat contains only trace amounts of aloe and increased amount of treatment may put the fish at risk Read the label of your water treatment bottle. Some treatments convert only chlorine and chloramines while some convert metals as well. Other treatments convert ammonia, nitrite and nitrates. You may combine water treatments if caution is used to avoid overdosing Type water treatments There are water treatments that raise or lower general and carbonate hardness levels, while some treatments lower these same mineral values. This can also be done by using products found at the grocery store. Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) raises (GH) general hardness. Distilled or R.O. water lowers GH levels. Bicarbonate of soda raises (KH) carbonate mineral hardness. Vinegar lowers KH levels Nitrogen cycle Noted on treatment label; water treatment has the capacity to bind to a specific amount of substance per dosage, however, new toxins being created requires additional treatment Use treatment that converts chlorine, chloramines, ammonia and nitrite combined with daily water changes if your goldfish house has not completed the nitrogen cycle Few brands of water treatment have the capacity to convert chlorine, ammonia, nitrite and nitrates; necessary when cycling a tank or pond. The most commonly used are Seachum Prime and Kordon's Amquel Plus. Considered as toxic when overused, there are no alternatives to keeping fish safe during a spike. If the spike is large however, consider a safer option by cycling a pump out of your fish house, using [...]