Goldfish Koi Health Issues

/Goldfish Koi Health Issues

Goldfish Koi health issues

Goldfish Koi distress or poor health may be caused by a variety of reasons. The water quality may be poor; low in oxygen and or mineral value. Issues may be related to toxins produced in the nitrogen cycle, or improper feeding habitsWhatever your fish’s issues, copy and past the questions below into your post, and answer each one if possible, and we’ll advise accordingly. Create a post listing symptoms; answer questions below1. What are your water parameters GH, KH, pH, temperature, ammonia, nitrite and nitrates2. Describe your set up (size, height, filters and pumps, substrate, decorations)3. How many inches of goldfish do you have collectively?4. Is your fish house enclosed?5. What and how often do you feed?6. Describe maintenance routine7. Have you used medications or salt recently?8. Do you understand the nitrogen cycle?9. Describe behavior and or symptoms10. How long have you had your fish and or fish house set up?

Pond Problems

By | 2019-04-01T13:33:32-05:00 June 21st, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Pond Problems Pond problems happen to everyone at some time or another, however, there a few things we could do differently to eliminate most of these issues. Listed below are the five most common mistakes fish keepers make Overcrowded ponds Most ponds are grossly overstocked, the fish keeper unaware of the consequences. The stocking standard was created as a guide to help us determine how many fish can be housed in a specific amount of water, and still remain healthy without additional labor. Few people want to perform daily water changes in their fish houses, especially a large pond, but this is necessary when ponds are overcrowded. Oxygen levels are in short supply, and nitrates sky rocket 2.5 gallons of water per inch of fish body You may have heard it said that every goldfish requires a minimum of 10 gallons of water, but that's absurd, because every goldfish is not the same size. This amount of water would not be necessary for a one inch goldfish, however, it wouldn't be enough for one that's a foot long. How much water a fish needs is determined solely by its size. Goldfish average an inch per year, with Koi averaging a whopping 3" in that same amount of time. Both fish continue growing throughout their entire lives, and they can easily outlive our cats and dogs Shallow ponds Most people simply dig a hole, and drop a preformed pond in the ground. They're affordable and ready for action. The depth of this pond is 20 inches, which is unsuitable for most parts of the world. The bottom of a pond should be placed well below your local freeze line by at least 6" to 8" This is the depth that doesn't freeze even in the coldest part of winter. This same depth keeps fish cool in the hottest part of summer. In order for the freeze line theory to work, the height of the water table should match the grade elevation surrounding the pond, giving it the insulation it needs Freeze lines have a broad range across the US and Canada. In some parts of the world, there is no freeze line; meaning either the ground is frozen to the core or never freezes The water table needs to be several inches below the top of the pond, or rain water will wash debris in the pond water. With all of these factors to consider, a pond's depth should really be 3' deep for goldfish, and if you keep Koi, add another 2' or 3 feet. This means using a pond liner, instead of the preformed, however, these liners offer no support in the event of a cave in. As the earth surrounding the pond gets wet, there could be a shift, causing the pond wall to collapse. When using a liner, you've got to start with a foundation that supports the earth and the weight of the water Pond problems 220-gallon pond 300 GPH pump Measures 90in.L x 51in.W [...]

Moving a Nitrate sensitive fish

By | 2019-04-01T13:37:11-05:00 June 18th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues, Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Hello, After having successfully treated my sick fish with you I wanted to ask your advice for moving. I have observed the following sensitivities and requirements for my fish. 1- Roughly 5% of the tank water evaporates every 1-2 days, If I let it evaporate anymore, the fish gets Nitrate shock. 2- If I change more than 5% of the tank water the fish gets Nitrate shock. 3- If I change the water more that 1x a week the fish gets Nitrate shock. 4- My Nitrate water parameters never get above 5ppm in a week time. At this point, I have to do a water change because the GH levels rise to 14-15 drops. So my water parameters weekly test roughly: Nitrate 5.0ppm Nitrite 0ppm Ammonia 0.25 High PH 8.4 KH 11 drops GH 12 drops My water temperature is consistently 66-69 degrees. We now have algae on the walls of the tank. And I am the only one who touches the fish tank. We are moving 5 minutes away into a new house, by the end of June. What is the best way to handle the move for this very sensitive fish?

Goldfish Parasites

By | 2019-04-01T13:42:49-05:00 May 27th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Goldfish parasites, ammonia or nitrate poisoning? Goldfish parasites cause fish to itch and scratch on the substrate or decorations Hello Venus! this is my first time posting but i need your help My goldfish, Fineas, is 5 yrs old, a Fair fish, and has been healthy all this time until a month ago when i think he got ammonia burns (black smudges), a white coating, red veins on tail, white eyes, fin rot...you name it. I talked with two vets who's own goldfish did not make it with the same symptoms, so they could not tell me much! I changed water frequently, added a small amount of salt to the tank as well as salt baths, bought testing tools, zeolite for the filters (i have a duo). Goldfish parasites During this time, he hung at the top of the tank but continued to eat and got black spots which are healing burns. I took the top off of the tank to allow more air. See 2 pics, fin3 & fineas, taken then. Since then, he's recovering from that whole freak-me-out scene! which i feel good and thankful for. But, now I'm beginning to see a few small white spots on his coat at the top of his spine and on his tail. Since newFin, hard to get as he's more energetic! I have other pics too. are these parasites? could they be scarring from the burns? issues with water? Goldfish poisoned I have a 30 gal tank, he's the lone fish, a double filter, air stone, i only use live plants (anachris) that he loves (i took all the live plants out and threw them away for now). I continue to test for ammonia (use kit which tests at 0 - .1) and nitrate/ph/etc using strips. My ph and chlorine on the strip test in a caution zone. I've ordered your garlic/salt remedy but just want to do what's best for Fineas rather than guessing-making things worse as he's been through so much and survived me thus far! thank you Parasites Goldfish Koi

pH Crash

By | 2019-04-01T13:44:57-05:00 May 25th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

pH Crash kills goldfish and Koi pH Crash is a term we use when oxygen levels drop rapidly. Fish are seen gasping at the surface, however, within a short time are found dead or dying on the bottom. These same fish may have swollen or bleeding eyes. The pressure in the fish's body rises rapidly as oxygen levels decline pH dropping Goldfish or Koi can be perfectly normal one day, and dead the next. How is it possible? Perhaps the surface is too quiet. Acting like a lid, a stagnant surface keeps oxygen from entering and Co2 from escaping. Maybe the water is too warm, the fish using more oxygen than normal, more than what's available Potential of hydrogen, abbreviated with pH is complicated, and not really a parameter at all, although it's the parent of two; KH and O2. Indicating how healthy water is, these two parameters, carbonate mineral and oxygen combined make up the whole of pH Carbonate mineral measures the alkalinity and acidity of water. Responsible for alkalinity, KH supports the oxygen molecule, giving water the possibility of being oxygenated, however, it takes more than a healthy alkalinity level in order for water to support O2. Water must be clear of clouds and gases as well as having a healthy KH. Oxygen needs space Where does oxygen come from? Many a fish keeper has buffered alkalinity in an attempt to raise pH, a deadly mistake. Like ammonia, KH causes burns, causing the inner gills to become inflamed. Inflamed gills deprive the blood of oxygen, causing the fish to suffocate. Buffering pH without testing KH first can result in severe injury or death Our fish deserve excellent water quality, so why settle for okay readings? COMFORT ZONES (high side of the zone preferred) pH: 7.4 to 8.4 KH: 90 to 120 to 140 ppm The aquarium in the photo below has an open top, and two pond pumps placed at each end of the tank. The action expels Co2 and pulls oxygen from the surface above. There's no risk here of a pH crash Many a pH crash occurs when water is stagnant. The parameters might be excellent, but a quiet surface is as good as putting a lid on your tank or pond, keeping oxygen from entering, and Co2 (gas created from waste) from escaping. Avoid the risk by getting that water moving. If your tank is enclosed, flip your lip KH and pH parallel each other’s performance if oxygen is not being blocked from entering the water KH               pH 50 ppm      6. ppm 60 ppm      6.5 ppm 70 ppm      7. ppm (neutral zone) 80 ppm      7.5 ppm 90 ppm    7,8 ppm 100 ppm    8.0 ppm 120 ppm    8.2 ppm The fish in the photo above are in an enclosed aquarium with little water movement. Carbonate mineral levels are healthy, but pH has crashed, leading to a dangerous environment Oxygenating water [...]

Moor trouble

By | 2019-04-01T13:49:54-05:00 May 4th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Moor Trouble with old rescue fish Moor trouble with fish rescued four years ago. It's owner drove over a hundred miles to bring this fish to me. She was overwhelmed by the instructions, and was afraid of doing the wrong thing. The cycle had spiked several times in the years she'd had the fish. Poisoned by ammonia, nitrite and nitrates too, topping off the devastation, the fish was also suffering from floating issues due to improper feeding Fish tilting The fish is abnormally small for its nine years, a runt for whatever reason It began going downhill a few years ago, sitting for long periods of time. Water parameters were good. The fact that it lost its tank mate close to two years ago may have something to do with its condition. I had moved into a house with filtered water without realizing it. It was a difficult move, and I was exhausted; not thinking. After setting up the stock tank, I was down for the count The next morning the fish were gasping at the surface. Carbonate mineral levels were zero. I buffered KH, and within a few hours the fish were acting normally, however, within a few days one of the moors had a swollen eye. The sight was atrocious. Moors have bulging eyes to begin with. The one eye was doubled in size Tilted goldfish I did everything I knew to do, but it wasn't enough, he passed a few days later. That was when the trouble with his tank mate began. The fish were obviously attached, and the loss was too much for the little guy I recently added a Koi to the tub the fish are in, unintentionally; a gift from my grandsons. The two fish have bonded, and the new fish won't leave the moor's side now There's no symptoms to speak of. He just began tilting to the side. I gave him a salt bath with Oop Boost and green tea. He's upright at this time, but I don't think he's going to make it. Whatever is bothering him has nothing to do with anything I can see or fix. I poured the salt bath in the tub since he responded to it Moor trouble I'm sorry to say I don't have a photograph, and it's difficult to get a clear shot in the tub the fish are in. His tank mate had serious ammonia burns, a sinking issue, and then later developed lockjaw. I'm attaching a photo of him, ET. Sadly, the poor little guy was plagued. I'm haunted by his loss, caused by my negligence. Guilty as charged I'll make updates about his condition

Nematodes

By | 2019-04-01T13:52:06-05:00 April 12th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues, Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Nematodes are harmless worms Nematodes are harmless, tiny worms that sometimes infect our aquariums or ponds. Even though they benefit the environment by utilizing waste, they're unsightly. These little pests are easily destroyed by dangerous chemicals, however, these same chemicals can destroy our fish as well. Just like all parasite invasions, it's best to eliminate them naturally so as not to harm the fish or their environment A safe and effective remedy Sea Salt and Garlic remedy Simplify your set up before treatment. If you're using sand as a substrate, replace with a thin layer of natural pea gravel. Remove decorations. For best results, water temperature should be at 72f and tank lights should be turned off during treatment. Nematodes prefer darkness and warmer temperatures. If they're hiding or dormant, the treatment won't be as effective To treat: perform 20% daily water changes. Premix one ounce of Garlic and Salt Remedy per 10 gallons of tank water to freshwater before adding to tank. Use water treatment to eliminate chlorine as needed Repeat for three days; wait two to three weeks and repeat entire treatment. A third treatment may be necessary if infection persists During treatment, dip plants and decorations in bucket of chlorine bleach water (one teaspoon of bleach per gallon of water) air dry for two to three hours before replacing in fish house. Treat new plants with the same formula before adding to tank or pond Tiny white worms quarium If infection persists, it's likely they're being introduced into the environment unknowingly, or your fish water is poor in quality Infestation is easily discouraged by maintaining water conditions that goldfish and beneficial bacteria thrive in, such as cold water that is rich in oxygen. Parasites, nematodes included can't tolerate these same conditions, preferring water low in oxygen and mineral value Read and follow 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping Worms in aquarium Nematodes live in the ground. Their larvae is impossible to see with the naked eye, and most people wouldn't notice a mature worm if they weren't observant. The worms can grow several inches long, but it's unlikely they'll reach this size in your tank. Different from earth worms, nematodes can live in earth or water If your fish water is healthy, and after using the remedy infection persists, it's likely reinfection is occurring To prevent infection rinse your hands in hydrogen peroxide before feeding your fish or coming into contact with fish water. This goes double if you've been busy in the garden If you're on a well, treat freshwater with chlorine bleach; one teaspoon per 10 gallons of water. Use water treatment to eliminate chlorine or add a pump to freshwater bucket; leave running for two to three hours before adding water to fish tank. Chlorine is a liquid gas, and is eliminated when exposed to fresh air Nematodes are considered as a lucky meal to fish in the wild, but our goldfish are spoiled to finer things in life, such as tasty flakes and pellets. A fish that's only been [...]

Goldfish sucked on by Pleco

By | 2019-04-01T14:07:06-05:00 April 8th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Goldfish sucked on by Pleco. Please help her recover!! I know, I know it was a horrible idea to have a Pleco and a Goldfish together. After listening to a Pet store clerk 2 years ago we brought 'Zucchini' home and tried to make it work when we realized the mistake, since we only had time for 1 tank. 6 months ago our male Goldfish got sick. 'Zucchini' sucked on our now deceased male goldfish and got a taste for goldfish slime coat, I guess. We thought if we fed him well he would leave the healthy female alone, they had been living peacefully for 2 years together. But 'Fortune' our female Goldfish was aggressively attacked one day when I forgot to put some vegetables on the veggie clip. We managed to rehome Zucchini, which was a sad goodbye. Leaving us caring for the injured Fortune. She is the only inhabitant now to a 50 gallon tank. It has a 40-70 gallon Aqua Clear filter, Aquatic sand, a bubble wand and silk plants. I haven't checked water parameters because I'm dealing with an injury and it's hard for me to use the Master kit. Day 1- I have been feeding her only sinking pellets and peas because she can't swim to the top of the tank. I've been giving her Vitachem vitamins long term and I've been using Kordon Fish Protector with Vitamin B12 and Echinacea since injury as well adding Hydrogen Peroxide to the tank 5Tbs. Day 2- I turned off the bubble wand because Fortune is having a really hard time swimming. I continued the Fish Protection and Vitamins according to instructions. Added a dose of Melafix. By night Fortune can't eat peas, can't swim. Is laying st the bottom of the tank or occasionally righting herself and floating/struggling. What can I do? I'm afraid to do a water change in case the Prime water conditioner hurts her fragile tail. I'm afraid to do a salt bath because she is on medication. Not sure how much longer she can stay at the bottom or go without eating! Photo below show fish with red veining in tail fin caused by nitrite poisoning Goldfish sucked on by Pleco by Venus: Nitrate levels were dangerously high. A large water change was performed after the owner noticed the fish wasn't quite right. Fish is starting to curl due to nitrate shock Fish swimming normally. Although some damage may have occurred from Pleco sucking on fish, nothing too serious After a few days of deep and heavily oxygenated water, fish is recovering

Goldfish Antibiotics

By | 2019-04-01T14:08:16-05:00 April 2nd, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Chat, Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Goldfish Antibiotics compromise the immune system Buy the book Goldfish antibiotics sold at pet shops can and will kill your fish. Destroying everything in its path, good and bad bugs alike, antibiotics work by poisoning the environment. In the process, organs are compromised. Antibiotics prescribed by a veterinarian are more powerful, and may work faster, but they too are lethal, and here's why........ Bad bacteria are everywhere; in our fish's water and in their bodies, waiting patiently for a chance to thrive. When we refer to infection, we mean bad bacteria have become invasive. For example, a slow moving tract is an open invitation for bad bugs. Food is utilized gradually as it travels through the intestines turning to waste. Creating the perfect home for unhealthy bacteria, waste that has spent too much time in the tract decays. Be it waste, water or tissue, bad bugs thrive in poor conditions. Rotting food or tissue is their food source Good bacteria thrive in the opposite conditions. Toxins created by the waste your fish produce are their food source. Their presence helps to create a safe environment in or out of body. Another notable difference, bad bugs are capable of building immunity to intolerable substances, and at the top of the list is medicinal antibiotics, however, good bugs, fragile as they are, cannot build resistance. The only thing these bugs have in common; they are both microscopic organisms Healthy bacteria thrive in healthy environments What causes infection? Goldfish living in water poor in quality are at high risk of infection. If the water is infected, so are the fish Goldfish antibiotics Maintaining excellent water quality doesn't mean your fish will never become infected with bad bacteria. Some things are out of our control. Internal body parts are at high risk of infection if they slow or cease to function. Like the water our fish live in, as the action slows, the risk of infection increase Body parts deteriorate as they slow in function. A failing heart, kidneys or liver are all prone to infection. The swim bladder organ that has collapsed or ruptured will fall prey. Older females are at high risk due to lower hormone production. Fewer males chase during the spawning event. Her eggs become impacted, and then decay inside of her body, inviting infection We live in an instant society. We want it, and we want it now Goldfish medication Infection is often widely spread by the time we notice symptoms. Medicinal antibiotics work quickly, giving us gratification. This is just one reason we're drawn to them. Within a few short days symptoms disappear, however, looks are deceiving Known or unknown, the source of infection in its weakened state is first attacked by bad bacteria weakening it further. Adding insult to injury, the organ is then subjected to the poisonous properties of antibiotics Beneficial bacteria reproduce every 12 to 20 hours, whereas bad bacteria reproduce every 12 to 20 minutes. After using medicinal antibiotics, it will take a few months for friendly bugs to rebuild their colonies. During this time, the fish are vulnerable. Within a few days the enemy will be at full force Medicinal antibiotics [...]

Please Help!

By | 2019-04-01T14:11:11-05:00 March 9th, 2017|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Please help my fish Please help. I'm fairly new to this hobby, however having learned the hard way, and losing many common/comet goldfish along the way...... I am still confused as to why my goldfish can be happy one day and listless the next day.  We've had our 3 goldfish for over 2 years living in a 5.6g tank, 1 died recently last month so I rehomed the surviving 2 goldfish into our 10g sump. Admittedly I panic and try to administer either Api General Cure or Hikari Prazi-Pro because in the past I've watched each of our goldfish start out with sunken bellies then eventually die. After going to many pet stores and reading almost every forum I can only assume its wasting disease and have been told these fish are "usually" feeders preferably not kept as pets. But after 2 years of hopefully "healthy" living I assumed our comets would be long term pets..... till last month our white and red goldfish became sick and died.  And now that the 2 orange survivors have been living in a 10 g sump, one started exhibiting the same listless behavior.  Fins still up he just seemed not interested and no stringy poop but could see what I assume was the start of a sunken belly. Fish need help Quickly took him out in fear of disease spreading and put him into a 1 gallon tupperware with an air stone and 1 bag of old filter media.  To my amazement he perked right back up and started swimming and eating. I got excited and went out bought a 15g tupperware, same air stone and 1 filter sock from the sump.  By that night he was back on the bottom sitting lifeless. Please help Now that I've read your forum I see maybe its been my mistake by transferring the fish from home to hospital and only thinking "zeroes" are good for all water parameters actually may have stressed him out more.  He was listless then became folded and when he tried he could only swim in spirals? Two days later he has passed..... nitrates poisoning or levels too low? Sorry for such a lengthy post but I'm still confused as to why a healthy goldfish can turn sick so fast, the other habitats in the tank are all still healthy I HOPE!! No new fish introduced. Water parameters are 0 Amm, 0Nit, and 20 Nitrates. Ph 7-8 range.  Try to do weekly tank cleanings but usually becomes every 10 days. Hoping for some insight as to why my goldfish always seem to develop some sort of parasitic disease? Even after 2 years without problems?  Ultimately i want to know if I'm doing something wrong and how I can make our last goldfish live for years to come....  :good: Thanks in advance, Harry

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