Fancy goldfish breeds are more delicate than common Buy the book Fancy goldfish breeds are still goldfish at heart, but they've been bred for different body styles with various features. It all started with the common goldfish bred from the Gibel carp, and ever since, the breeders have worked hard to create other more exciting varieties Common goldfish The comet goldfish is becoming more common than the common with its extended tail and sleek portions; it races through the water like shooting star; how it got its name. The comet is considered as a common type, but the first goldfish to hold this title with its name is the common goldfish as shown below Contrary to popular belief, the fancy goldfish can be kept with the common goldfish. Although the common fish are faster, the fancy fish are just as determined when it comes to meal time. The faster fish may spend most of its time racing around in excitement, while the fancy waits patiently at the bottom for the food to fall. If you're feeding appropriate amounts and often enough; all of your fish will get more than enough to eat Fancy goldfish have been bred to enhance what may be considered as an abnormality or weakness in the genes, such as bulging eyes like the fish in the photo above or a fat round body or a low flowing tail. In the wild, these fish would not be very successful Goldfish breeds Fancy fish with wens require a little extra attention as they mature. The wen may need trimming because it grows along with the fish; sometimes getting so large the added weight is difficult for the fish to support. Some of these fish with wens; Lionheads and Orandas may have their vision obstructed Whether you choose a fancy or a common goldfish, it will need the same conditions as a common goldfish or even a Koi, cold and heavily oxygenated water; free of toxins Common goldfish Although some of the fancier goldfish need special care and a special environment because of their delicate fins or body shapes, such as pearlscales, the moors, veiltails or bubble eye, most of the other fancy goldfish do very well in tanks or ponds. The butterfly moor seen in the photo below is one of the most delicate of the fancy types Fanciest goldfish Goldfish Breeds 10 Steps to Goldfish & Koi Keeping Goldfish Behavior All rights Author: Brenda Rand
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Live Fish Free Cycle keep fish safe Live fish free cycle combines two methods of cycling to make for a faster and safer cycle. Understanding the Nitrogen Cycle....Algae, the End Result of the Nitrogen Cycle....Tips on Establishing & Maintaining a Healthy Colony of Beneficial Bacteria....Spike in the Cycle?....Tips on Preventing a Spike....How to Perform the SEMI Live Fish Free Cycle Live fish cycle If you have a filter or pump in your fish house, this is where the friendly bugs will set up housekeeping. We know this because we know they require heavily oxygenated water, created by motion. They can tolerate light, but require darkness for reproduction Ammonia is created from waste, and when ammonia is present, beneficial bacteria form to feed on it, converting it to nitrites, and then into nitrates. When nitrates are present in healthy amounts, this indicates the nitrogen cycle is in process. Ammonia and nitrites are deadly toxins. Nitrate is a toxin, however, safe for freshwater fish and humans as well in low amounts Established tanks and ponds house beneficial bacteria as well as our fish. These good bugs perform and produce the nitrogen cycle for us, creating what we call, a cycled fish house, making the environment safe. Only a cycled fish house is capable of becoming, of supporting a healthy ecosystem Many fish will die because they're owners new nothing about the nitrogen cycle. By the time they find out, the cycle is in progress, and a fish free cycle is . They will be poisoned by ammonia and or nitrite as the cycle takes place without their knowledge. During this time, they may notice something is wrong with the fish, fins are clamped or red strips appear in the tail fin. They'll ask, and be advised to use water treatment to keep the fish safe during the event. Unfortunately, the water treatment will not safely convert the high amounts of the toxin levels without overdosing. The fish will be exposed to the toxins or poisoned by water treatment Buy the book Fish free cycle There are many fish keepers that do everything in their power to keep the cycle from forming in their fish house. Some use products designed to absorb ammonia. Some perform large and frequent water changes to remove ammonia. Some rely on water treatment to convert ammonia, but none of these means are safe or effective The water in the photo above is rich in mineral value and oxygen. Algae is present, keeping nitrates at low levels, offering a nutritious food source for the inhabitants. This is a picture of a healthy ecosystem, and only Mother Nature is capable of creating it Cycle the pumps or filters in your tank or pond in a separate container while the fish remain in the safety of their home Author: Brenda Rand
Goldfish Articles are listed below Buy the book Goldfish articles were written for you in hopes of changing the goldfish and Koi industry. As it is, we depend on pet shop medications to keep our fish healthy, however, these chemicals worsen the situation. Sick fish are living in sick water. Healthy fish live in healthy water, although, healthy water isn't obtained by using harsh chemicals The articles listed below contain all of the information you need to keep your goldfish healthy and happy. Start by reading the 10 Steps. In these pages you'll learn the fundamental basics of goldfish care, however, don't stop there. If you truly respect your fish, you'll want to know more about them Art of goldfish articles The goldfish industry is out to make money. Healthy fish are not profitable. Sick fish are where the money is. It's to their best interest if your fish are sick and dying. Pet shops are selling you aquarium set ups designed for tropical fish. They're selling you fancy, expensive filtering systems that don't do much of anything, except complicate things. Dangerous chemicals line their shelves with false promises of getting your fish well Goldfish keeper Much like the medical industry for people, the goldfish industry doesn't want your fish to be healthy. Don't fall for it. Our goldfish will thrive in a natural environment; it only makes sense. The fish in our lakes and rivers aren't sick. This is because Mother Nature knows her stuff. Nitrates are consumed by plant life. Plants are consumed by fish, creating a perfect balance. You won't see fish in a natural body of water bobbing on the surface because it's constipated. We must feed our fish like they would eat in the wild, small and consistent amounts throughout the day Goldfish evolved without stomachs because food is hard to find. It's rare for them to find an entire meal at one time. They scavenge at the bottom in search of a fish egg, a worm or a fish small enough to eat. Because food is scarce, they mostly feed on vegetation. Having a high metabolism, they must eat frequently in order to keep their energy levels up, and most importantly, they must eat frequently so that their swim bladder functions efficiently The swim bladder organ is connected to the intestinal tract where Co2 (a gas created from the waste) is exchanged and utilized by the bladder. Much like a balloon, the bladder fills when the fish wants to rise, and then empties when the fish desires to sink. Digesting their food in approximately three hours, they must eat regularly so that a consistent supply of carbon dioxide is created in the tract Our natural waterways are heavily oxygenated because the surface is broad and exposed to fresh air, unlike the enclosed aquariums we keep our fish in. Read the articles, and follow my lead to learn how to create a healthy ecosystem View the Art of Goldfish photos Keeping goldfish Be a true [...]
10 Easy STEPS Goldfish Keeping make it simple Buy the Book 10 easy steps goldfish keeping are easy to read and follow The theory is simple, by recreating their ancestor’s natural environment, the cold and fast moving rivers of China, our goldfish will thrive in an aquarium or pond. Learn everything you can about goldfish keeping Centuries ago, and still today, the Chinese displayed their goldfish in glass bowls much to the delight of their guests, but the goldfish were quickly returned to their ponds after the party was over. This could very well have started the ‘goldfish in a bowl’ tradition, and with dire consequences. Follow 10 Easy Steps to create the perfect ecosystem for your goldfish, and they will live up to their full potential in growth and life expectancy Goldfish Care Equipment and Supplies needed; Goldfish container; water pump & sponge; Water treatment; Freshwater tub; Gravel vacuum or python; Natural pea gravel; Goldfish food; Parameters test kit and thermometer Goldfish are delicate creatures. Their environment is a complex ecosystem that must be perfectly balanced. The tiny goldfish you bring home will double in size within a few short weeks, and by the end of the first year could easily measure 2" in length; averaging 1” per year. If their growth is not stunted by close quarters they’ll keep growing for most of their life which averages 16 years, and some live for much longer, growing much larger Goldfish information Goldfish need room to grow. The water they live in should be filtered and oxygenated. Even a large aquarium is not a natural environment for goldfish. They are more at home in shallow water that has plenty of surface area with plenty of surface activity, such as water fountains and falls. Compromises must be made if these creatures are to be housed successfully in our homes 10 easy steps goldfish keeping Goldfish keeping 10 Easy Steps Goldfish Keeping GOLDFISH House Step 1 House your goldfish in a fancy aquarium, a flower pot or even a rubber tub. The most important factors in choosing a container is that it is large enough, strong enough to hold water and free of contaminants, having more surface area and less depth. Some goldfish are sensitive to water pressure Minimum stocking level 2.5 gallons of water per 1” of body length If you have an indoor goldfish house, locate it a place that doesn’t receive too much sunlight; a room that stays cool year round. The top should be open and exposed to fresh air Use aquarium safe decorations and natural gravel. Make sure plants are nontoxic and free of infection 10 Easy Steps to Goldfish Keeping NITROGEN Cycle Step 2 Goldfish make waste, which plays a big role in helping Mother Nature create a healthy ecosystem for them to live in. Ammonia, a deadly toxin, is created from waste. When ammonia is present, and the environment is right, beneficial bacteria form to feed on the toxin, converting it into nitrite Nitrites attract another [...]
Fasting Goldfish is not only cruel, but can upset their digestion Buy the Book Fasting goldfish is a common practice in the goldfish industry. The theory is; less waste makes for fresher water; hence a healthier tank or pond, and there is also the idea that fasting prevents constipation, which is known to cause floating issues Constipation in goldfish Constipation is prevented by feeding a varied and healthy diet; feeding more often in lesser amounts, and feeding consistently. Fasting doesn't prevent constipation, but may actually upset the delicate digestive system of the goldfish. In the wild, goldfish are constant grazers; if they're not resting or spawning they're hunting for food. Although constipation disrupts the exchange of gas from the intestinal tract to the swim bladder, an empty intestinal track can reek just as much havoc by not providing any gas at all, causing the fish to lose the ability to rise at will Fasting goldfish may result in low nitrate production one day; high nitrate production the next, and even worse; a spike in the nitrogen cycle Nitrogen Cycle Goldfish waste Waste is seen as harmful by most goldfish keepers, but quite the opposite is true. The waste your goldfish produce is what encourages a healthy ecosystem; and this is accomplished by encouraging the production of beneficial bacteria, or what we call; friendly bugs. Think of goldfish pooh as food for your friendly bugs. Think of friendly bug pooh as nitrates Feed a varied diet of vegetables and proteins; feed on a schedule; four to five times a day so the friendly bugs in your tank or pond will produce small amounts of nitrates consistently. This consistent production of nitrates allows for a consistent parameter or reading for nitrates Step 10: Goldfish Feeding Spikes in the cycle Friendly bugs are delicate and just like goldfish, they are constant grazers. Even if fasting didn't harm the goldfish; some if not all of your beneficial bacteria may be lost in the fasting process; even if the fast is only for a short time Goldfish waste that has been utilized by friendly bugs doesn't increase nitrate levels, but if your tank or pond doesn't have enough surface action; this waste can and will become a food source for harmful bacteria If you test your nitrate levels before each weekly water change, the test result will tell you if you should be feeding a little less, and or changing out a little more water or perhaps increasing the tank or pond size Test H20 Parameters The fish in the photo above suffer from a multitude of issues, however, malnutrition is prevalent. Unknowingly, the fish owner withholds food for days at a time, in order to prevent a spike in the cycle, inadvertently causing one. The water is low in oxygen, the cycle is broken and the fish are dying from starvation Fasting goldfish Goldfish are more susceptible to nitrates in water at warmer temperatures. When the thermostat climbs, increase number of water changes and [...]
Goldfish stunted growth could be caused by genetics Buy the book Goldfish stunted growth could be inadvertently caused by being kept in a small container, however, in most cases we can blame it on genetics. How large or small we grow has a great deal to do with our parents and their parents and so on; true of all species. Most every litter of pups has a runt, but sometimes it goes farther than this having to do with bodily function Growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. Some fish (and other animals too) may grow too large too quickly because of an over stimulated gland and some fish may not grow much at all. Tumors are the cause for the decreased production, but most commonly is caused by decreased growth hormone production. The normal growth rate for goldfish is 1” to 2” per year Goldfish stunted growth Some stunted fish live long and healthy lives, however, some develop chronic health issues which often result in early death Goldfish isn't growing Foods high in protein encourage growth hormone production. Other foods (goldfish can eat) that contain nutrients assisting in growth hormone production are carrots and soybeans. The last meal of the day should be highest in protein Growth hormone is released during sleep. One of the reasons sleep is recommended for the sick or the injured is so our bodies can mend. This hormone is also responsible for repairing and rebuilding cells. To encourage additional rest, extend the lights out period to 12 or even 16 hours a day The gorgeous fish in the photo above is only two inches in body length, however, it's over eight years old. Notice the fish has the body of a common, yet has double tail known to fancy fish. Will the small size shorten it's lifespan? Time will tell A vigorous workout also encourages the release of the growth hormone, but the experts have also learned that feeding carbohydrates after exercising encourages the production of insulin which counteracts the effects of growth hormone. Feed foods higher in protein when fish are most active Goldfish Koi Info All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand
Goldfish lifespan may be longer than you think Buy the book Goldfish lifespan has much to do with the health of its habitat. We've all heard many claims on the world's oldest recorded living goldfish or Koi. Even though some of these claims sound outrageous, they may be a drop in the bucket to how long a goldfish or Koi could live if kept in the right environment. The oldest known goldfish kept in captivity was 44 years, and some claims even longer Goldfish lifespan There are many reasons a goldfish or Koi could die. Fish in the wild could be killed by a bigger fish, a bird, a raccoon, a cat, a dog or even a human. An indoor fish could be killed by one of our other pets, but as we all know, most goldfish and Koi in captivity die because of their keeper's ignorance. As goldfish keepers, we're responsible for maintaining a healthy ecosystem be it a pond or an aquarium, however, some fish will die without explanation. In most cases, poor water quality or improper feeding is to blame Goldfish lifespan Most of us have heard stories of the giant catfish or carp caught by noodling. Some of these fish are thought to be well over a hundred years old How long do goldfish live? The lifespan of the average goldfish is 3 to 6 months. Most goldfish are purchased by inexperienced goldfish keepers that have no understanding of their needs. Even a more experienced Koi or goldfish keeper may be lucky to have a fish live ten to fifteen years. There are many things that can go wrong for a goldfish or Koi in captivity and in the wild, but if everything was to go just right, how long do you think your goldfish or Koi would live? Goldfish lifespan The fish in the photo was said to be a goldfish, but it's a carp no doubt, and the size is not uncommon for the species. Koi and carp both can easily grow up to 3' in length, averaging two to three inches of growth per year If a goldfish or Koi was kept in a healthy ecosystem its life expectancy may be indefinite. It has been proven that many species of fish can live longer than a human Goldfish Info All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand
Understanding Goldfish and their environment Buy the book Goldfish are delicate creatures Understanding goldfish isn't easy, however, it helps if we Descendants of the Gibel carp swimming upstream in China's icy cold rivers for centuries upon centuries. Goldfish, bred for it magnificent beauty; its brilliant color and splendid size, developing into a wide range of variations in the species. The Chinese first bred these highly prized goldfish in garden ponds, and often displayed them in glass bowls, but only temporarily to impress their house guests. Perhaps this is how the tradition of keeping goldfish in bowls got started, but this is also where it should end Fish of a Different Color Their natural environment is a complex ecosystem that must be perfectly balanced, and this is only obtained after a great deal of labor, a great deal of added expense, and sometimes heartbreak too The tiny goldfish being sold in pet shops are called (very young babies) fry; they will double in size within a few short weeks and by the end of their first year they could easily measure 2" even 3" in length. After their first year of growth, they average approximately 1" per year Understanding goldfish If their growth is not interrupted or stunted by close quarters, they will keep growing for most of their life span, which averages 20 years, and some live for much longer, growing much larger. If their growth is stunted, their life span will be shortened What size goldfish aquarium? Although we've been led to believe that goldfish can be kept in bowls; this is not true. Goldfish need space; room to grow. The water they live in should be filtrated and oxygenated. Even a large aquarium is not a natural environment for the goldfish. They are more at home in a shallow pond that has plenty of surface area with plenty of surface activity, such as water fountains and falls. Extreme measures are to be taken if these creatures are to be housed successfully in glass aquariums How to clean Aquarium Use your imagination when considering housing for your goldfish; have fun with it, but be cautious. A large terracotta pot works well and is quite attractive. Wine barrels with plastic liners are fun; the plastic liner is a must if you are to avoid disaster, or you might consider a claw-foot bathtub. If cost is a big issue, consider a rubber or plastic tub. The most important factors in choosing a container is that it is large enough, strong enough to hold water and free of contaminants. Whether or not your goldfish are in a glass aquarium, a pond, a tank, or a tub, it is mandatory to create as natural of an environment as possible, and this can be accomplished by following 10 Steps to GOLDFISH Koi Keeping The oldest known goldfish was proven to be 53 yrs of age When you first read through the 10 Steps, you may feel overwhelmed, wondering how you got yourself into this, [...]
Goldfish Information is critical to keeping your fish well Goldfish info should be studied before you obtain them. There's more to our fish than meets the eye, and there's more to learn than just the 10 steps. Understanding their behavior, their ancestry and their natural instincts helps us to better care for them. Goldfish have needs that exceed food and healthy water. They also need a stimulating and feel safe environment When we keep animals contained, in a way, we're holding them as prisoners. Imagine a dog confined all of its life in a small cage; no yard to run and play in. Our goldfish and Koi are no different. Keeping them in a small environment with no yard to swim in is cruel. Make sure you fish lives in a fish house suited to its type and size, and then go a step farther by making the environment stimulating; not just with beautiful decorations, but natural gravel to rummage through; with plants to nibble Goldfish Info Goldfish need moving water, not just for oxygen, but so they can feel like the goldfish they are, but at the same time, they also need a quiet spot to rest and hide in times of stress Goldfish info Get to know your fish and provide a real fish house for them. Our fish are a part of our family, not living decorations. Give them the same respect as you would your cat or dog. Goldfish have feelings too Enlighten yourself about goldfish by reading everything you can. We all have much to learn, and should share what we learn with others to strengthen our knowledge base Goldfish information Understanding goldfish Goldfish breeds Goldfish behavior Breeding goldfish and Koi Goldfish lifespan Goldfish breathe Goldfish stunted growth Goldfish home alone New goldfish Moving goldfish New goldfish aquarium Shipping goldfish Author: Brenda Rand
Tiny bubbles in your fish house? Buy the book Tiny bubbles you see on the walls of your aquarium are actually supersaturated gases, created from pressure in tap water. These concentrated amounts of oxygen, SSG can be deadly to goldfish in large amounts. The minuscule bubbles are capable of filling an entire body of water, keeping oxygen from entering. These tiny bubbles that often go unnoticed can be absorbed into a fish's bloodstream, where they can literally implode, causing extreme pressure to the body. Symptoms may be similar to nitrate poisoning. The fish may become pressed to the floor or even curled. The cure is the same; deep water that is heavily oxygenated, free of supersaturated gases; the weight of the water relieving the pressure caused by SSG Bubble Disease External or Internal, supersaturated gases dissipate within a few days or several, depending on the quantity and water movement To keep your goldfish safe from these harmful gases, work freshwater over to eliminate by running water first in a pitcher. Hold it high over a tub or bucket, and pour, letting it hit hard. Run tap water at a low force, and if possible, remove the screen found inside of the cap of the faucet. This won't remove all of the gases, but will greatly reduce the volume Tiny bubbles SSG can also collect in pockets under the tissue, looking much like a tumor or mass, forming on the upper side of the body from front to back Test freshwater for SSG by scooping water up in a clear glass. Let it sit for a half hour to an hour. Do you see bubbles on the sides of the glass? If not, the water is free of gases If your tap water contains abnormally high levels or stubborn SSG, it may be beneficial to place a pond pump in your freshwater tub to eliminate them, before adding the freshwater to your tank or pond It's okay to borrow a pond pump from your goldfish house if the freshwater is treated for chlorine beforehand. It normally takes an hour to clear the gases in five gallons of water. The supersaturated gases will not disturb the beneficial bacteria in the pond pump Tiny bubbles on aquarium glass If you look closely, you'll see tiny bubbles clinging to the side of the glass in the photo below; these are SSG, supersaturated gases Other methods of eliminating these gases is to use an electric hand blender, egg beater or even a whisk will break up the tiny bubbles. Vigorously shaking a container of tap water will also get the job done Minuscule bubbles fish Step 4: Freshwater Source 10 Steps to Goldfish and Koi Care Author: Brenda Rand
Salting our Goldfish, should we or shouldn't we? Buy the book Salting our goldfish; miracle that it is, salt is one of the most abused substances in the fish industry. Salting our fish destroys bad bacteria and parasites, so many goldfish keepers rely on it for a healthy environment, instead of Mother Nature. If used properly, salt is extremely beneficial. Where salt is concerned; less is more. Most goldfish and Koi food contains trace levels of salt, as well as the water they live in, so it is natural for our fish to have these same amounts in their blood stream. The levels of salt in their bloodstream match the levels in their tank or pond water Salting our goldfish Salt contains sodium chloride which improves gill function, allowing the fish to absorb a greater amount of oxygen into the blood stream, but only if the water is oxygenated properly of course. This is why the salt bath or dip has saved many a fish from certain death Do not use salt on bloated fish; fish with raised scales. Stagger use of salt remedies and treatments; do not combine Have you recently medicated your goldfish tank? Never combine salt with medications. Use salt before or after medicating. Do not use salt continuously or your fish and unwanted life forms will build an immunity to it. It will become useless as a treatment. Continued or over use could cause internal damage to the fish's internal organs by increasing the strain on them, leading to liver or kidney failure. A goldfish or Koi exposed to concentrated levels for too long of a time period could develop extreme sensitivity to the saline, having little or no tolerance for even low levels Salting our goldfish Salt can be used in many ways to enhance the health and vigor of your fish; by reducing stress, increasing slime coat, destroying harmful bacteria and parasites. Goldfish or Koi on the brink of death have been revived from a salt bath or dip. Although salt has great value to the fish keeper, it also can be lethal to fish, so use it cautiously. Never add salt directly to fish house water. Always premix with fresh water source Dissolving Salt Types of salt There are many varieties of salt, but some of these contain anti-caking agents and iodine which may be harmful to your fish with long term use. For an emergency most any of these varieties will work. Use a pure form such as sea salt, kosher salt, aquarium salt or pure Morton's rock salt otherwise. Natural sea salt containing no additives is my favorite salt because it contains a higher content and variety of trace minerals that our goldfish and Koi will benefit from use Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride and is essential for animal life form, but can be toxic to vegetation or animals in large quantities The unique composition of minerals contain chloride and sodium ions, the two major components of salt; necessary [...]
Koi Keeping is an Art Buy the book Koi Keeping is an ancient art. Koi is a Japanese word meaning carp. The carp is a common freshwater fish found in many parts of the world. Koi were first discovered in the rivers of China, but kept and bred in Japan. Whereas the goldfish, also being a carp was first kept and bred in China. Being closely related, Koi and goldfish require the very same care, and can be diagnosed using the same symptoms; treated, using the same remedies. If you have Koi, you probably have a Koi pond whether it's indoors or out. If you don't, you will soon. The only difference between these freshwater fish, besides their physical characteristics; they grow much larger much faster. A mature Koi could reach up to 3' in length Koi Care The same stocking levels we have listed in our 10 Steps apply to Koi; 2.5 gallons of water per inch of Koi body. The biggest mistake novice Koi keepers make is overstocking their ponds. Koi can grow as much as two to three inches per year, averaging 20 to 30 years of age if kept well Koi are Pond fish Koi are kept in large ponds because of their large size, and because of it, they typically have fewer health issues. Most ponds have a lush layer of algae; very beneficial for the Koi nutritionally, and helpful in keeping nitrate levels low Algae feeds on nitrates Some pond keepers don't realize water changes must be performed to keep nitrates low if there is not enough vegetation available for doing the job. Some pond keepers try eliminating algae, because they don't like the look of it, but algae is found in any natural habitat of Koi or goldfish. Having other plants may also be helpful in keeping nitrates low, but no other plant does this job quite as well, and no other plant is as nutritious as algae Art of Koi The water quality in a pond is typically better than that of an indoor tank. The surface is large by comparison, which increases the oxygen absorption of the water, but this doesn't mean the value of pond water should be overlooked. The parameters of the water should be examined periodically. Koi require the same value of water that goldfish do; the same cooler but heavily oxygenated water that is free of toxins; free of gases Koi Keeping Comfort zones (with the higher side preferred) General hardness; GH 200 to 400 ppm Carbonate hardness; KH 70 to 120 ppm Potential of hydrogen; pH 7.4 to 8.4 ppm Algae the living plant Floating issues are rare in a healthy pond rich in edible plant life. The Koi can graze on the roughage throughout the day; keeping the tract moving and healthy. Just like goldfish, Koi spend every waking hour eating or looking for food, and just like goldfish, they have no stomachs; their food is quickly digested because of it. In their natural environment vegetation is plentiful. The competition [...]
Goldfish Ponds make fish keeping easy Buy the book Goldfish ponds are rewarding. Our freshwater friends are much more at home in a shallow pond that has plenty of surface area with plenty of surface activity, such as water fountains and falls. Goldfish average one inch of growth per year. It would take a really big aquarium to house even one mature goldfish, reaching as much as a foot in length. Many people purchase goldfish not realizing their growth potential. Most common goldfish that survive their goldfish keepers end up being released in nearby lakes or ponds The standard stocking level for both fish is 2.5 gallons minimum per inch of body length. Stay at or below this standard to keep a healthy natural balance of the ecosystem. Double the amount of water, and cut the inch in half to cut maintenance in half. The bigger your pond; the lower your stocking levels; the easier it is to maintain The larger the pond, the less maintenance required to keep the water healthy, but just like aquariums and indoor tanks, the stocking levels also dictates how much maintenance will be necessary Goldfish ponds When your goldfish spawn, reduce the amount of food you're feeding. The fish will feed on the eggs and any small fry lucky enough to hatch, controlling their own stocking level. Keep in mind, your fish will never stop growing, and as they age, the size of your pond may need to be increased, or fish re-homed in order to maintain a healthy stocking levels. Exceed the stocking level for too long, and the ecosystem may become unbalanced, leading to an unhealthy environment Common, comets or shubunkins are much better suited to outside ponds than the delicate fancy variety, but even the fancies can fare well in a pond with the proper care Goldfish Breeding Goldfish are cold blooded; meaning they have no core body temperature, so it's important that the depth of your pond is below your regions freeze line. This provides an area that the fish can migrate to in freezing or even warmer weather conditions In some parts of the world it may be advisable to bring your goldfish in during the colder winter months; unless you have a heater for your pond Never chop a hole in a pond that has been frozen over; the vibrations may damage the fish internally by rupturing the swim bladder organ or the central nervous system Keeping goldfish save from predators Most predators interested in goldfish are nocturnal. Our freshwater fish are diurnal, meaning they rest when it's dark. Being bottom dwellers by nature, they should be safe from nocturnal predators. This is one good reason to have an adequate depth in your outdoor pond. A deeper pond not only provides a safe haven from predators, but can also offer cooler water in the summer and warmer water in the winter If water is low in oxygen, the fish are spending time at the surface where they [...]
Goldfish anatomy shown in the diagram below Buy the book Goldfish anatomy doesn't have to remain a mystery. Have you ever wondered where the swim bladder organ is located, or where exactly the dorsal fin is? The diagram below will help you to get more familiar with your goldfish and its anatomy. When describing an issue in a forum, it's important to to name a specific part of the body Goldfish are strange creatures. Unlike most of our pets, they don't have legs or paws. Instead, they create motion with their fins, and it seems to work quite well for them. They don't have eyelids because they're just not necessary in their native habitat. The sun doesn't shine in the depths of the water Goldfish diagram Parts of a goldfish Have you ever wondered how goldfish breathe? or if they breathe? Goldfish don't have lungs, however, they do need oxygen. Fish pull water in through the mouth, and push it out through the gills. As water passes over an organ called the rake, oxygen is absorbed from the water. This is just one reason your aquarium or pond water must be properly oxygenated Goldfish do have skin, but it's covered by scales. Scales act much like feathers on a bird, a protective coat for their tissue. More importantly, scales help them glide and move more efficiently through water. This is critical in their environment if they are to escape predators Fish have been around much longer than man, and may be one of the first living creatures on each. If we're going to keep them in captivity, we must learn everything we can about them to keep them happy and healthy Anatomy of a goldfish Photograph provided by Rachel Morris and Mr. Floatie Parts of a goldfish Diagnosing Goldfish Disease 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping All rights Author: Brenda Rand
Sick Ryukin floating Sick ryukin has been floating off and on for over a month. He has 2-3 good days then 1-2 days when he hangs at the surface, dorsal out of the water, looking miserable, with limp fins. I think it's digestion related. He doesn't appear to be pooping much at all. Cure sick goldfish I've tried: tonics: astralagus, mint, ginger, aloe. oiling: I oiled him a few times and the last time, about 2 weeks ago, he flipped upside down for about 8-9 hours. I thought I had killed him. When he flipped over, I saw bloody areas under the skin on his abdomen. I threw him into an antibiotic tub thinking he was septic. The blood cleared up, I cleared him and put him back into the tank. It was while he was in the tub that I noticed very little pooping going on. He eats and not much comes out. I'm feeding him only gel food - tiny bits at a time so as not to overload him. 4 times/day. Goldfish bobbing surface I just ordered the floating remedy. Maybe I should have chosen digestive therapy? What do you recommend? Same 48 gal tank, now with 3 fish. Parameters are good. I have tons of algae now, both in the scrubber and on the tank walls. Temp 71-73. Goldfish floating surface https://goldfish-emergency.com/goldfish-bobbing/
Bookshelf by BG Rand Bookshelf has something for everyone, young and old alike. Take a scroll and see For the Love of Cats If you love cats, you'll enjoy learning more about their behavior good and bad. Learn how to change bad behavior by working with their natural instincts, and not so natural. Concerned for homeless cats, the author has spent over twenty years trapping, spaying and neutering stray and feral cats One cat at a time is trapped, taken to a clinic There it is examined, spayed or neutered and treated for parasites or minor ailments. The cat is then placed in a crate for observation. The cat is released where it was trapped if deemed unsociable. If the cat is friendly, it's placed up for adoption Your cat will benefit from the many health remedies and preventative treatments listed in her pages During these twenty years over 100 cats have found loving homes. Now, she would like to share her experience by offering tips on behavior, training, and care of cats Buy books Buy For the Love of Cats For the Love of Cats Dead End of Puppy Creek Road This thrilling mystery takes place in the foothills of Arkansas Inhabited by ghosts that lived during the civil war era, the new owner of an old southern plantation finds herself uncovering the grim details of their tragic demise in order to lay their spirits to rest. Unknowingly, she reunites a beautiful young debutante with her one true love, a Colonel of the Confederate Army, but not before falling in love with him herself A photographer, her recent shots of the place are chosen to be displayed in a gallery. Opening night reveals images from the past in the photos which peaks the gallery owner's interest, and the couple investigate together As the mystery is solved, the two fall in love Buy Dead End of Puppy Creek Road Dead End of Puppy Creek Road Liberty's Bell During the Revolutionary war, women and children were left to fend for themselves as their men went off to fight for their new country's independence. Tommy forms a forbidden friendship with a Cherokee boy from a neighboring village which becomes known when his school mates are forced to defend their township from an invasion of British red coats. Tommy's Indian friend gathers other boys from his tribe to help. Tommy's dog, Liberty has been missing for several months, but is found by Tommy's brother, tagging along with a group of patriots. Liberty sacrifices his own life in order to save Nathan during a battle on the town's bridge... Buy Liberty's Bell Liberty's Bell Pennies for a Boy Joe and Elizabeth have led difficult lives, having been neglected and abused by their mother. Joe’s little sister disappears from school the day before Christmas vacation. The next morning he wakes up to an empty house; his mother no where to be found. His sister was missing also. Joe spends his entire vacation searching for her. At the [...]
Hello Venus, I'm goldfish sitting again. This time, just for 12 days. Since the pump and pond sponge was added last time, it appears that good bacteria were able to grow in the tank! This is a 5.5 gallon tank with 3 small fantails. Unfortunately, I will not be able to upgrade the tank size as it is not my tank :( Current readings are: Ammonia=0, Nitrite=0.5, Nitrate=5, pH=7, KH=0. (No GH reading until new tester arrives). One of the fantails’ tail frayed before and apparently the tank was salted. When the tail healed, it became black. Current salinity is 0.03ppm. One side of the black tail is longer than the other. I’m not sure if it’s completely healed but I imagine this happened as a result of cycling. The top fin of that fish is also slightly torn. Should we add any treatment to assist in the fin/tail healing? Or is fixing water parameters enough? Do you think we are in the middle or tail end of cycling this tank? With the current nitrite and nitrate levels, how often should I be doing water changes and how much water should I be changing? Should I dose Prime for the amount of new water added or the entire 5 gallon tank? Since the KH=0 (very low mineral quality), should I add some backing soda? Our tap water also has close to no minerals and low pH. I have already ordered some small wonder shells to arrive next week. In the meantime, should I add baking soda to raise KH and then add the shells to maintain KH? Or just wait for the shells and rely completely on the shells to raise and maintain KH/GH? If I add baking soda first, how much should I add for 5 gallons?
Lethargic goldfish isn't happy Lethargic goldfish is staying in one spot of the tank. He has been this way for about 1 month now. He still moves to feed but returns to the same spot and when watching him, his breathing appears very slow. We are going to buy a test kit this evening and I will post the results in hopes that someone knows how to help us. We rescued this fish 9 years ago from a wedding when he was a mere center piece decoration. Goldfish bottom sitting We never imagined having him 9 years later so we are supporting and caring for him as best we can. I only have a video so will post some photos to follow this afternoon. He is about 7" long and 2" wide, he's always been a happy and healthy looking fish so not sure what's changed or what we're doing wrong now. He is in a 10 gallon tank and we know that it should be triple that for one goldfish but we are in the process of retiring 4 hours north of our city home and don't have to resources to have a 30 gallon tank. ANY advice or suggestions are very welcome and thank you SO much in advance, we love him dearly! Goldfish needs help
Bulging eye goldfish emergency Bulging eye on goldfish 911. What brought me to your site was one of my fish having a bulging eye. This started months ago, or so it seems, but at first it was nothing alarming because another one got this (both eyes) but it went away. It took a while but it did. But after a while, with this fish, it began to bug me. Till one day 'he' he began to look unwell. So I did a filter wash and partial water change as usual. (I've had these fish for about 8 years) After a few more days things just didn't look right. So I thought to treat the tank w/Maracyn II - that's when it all went downhill and panic mode came on. Goldfish pop eye All three of my fish were like OMG what is that? Are you trying to kill me!!! They all sunk to the bottom looking horrific - so I went berzerk, I filled a bin with water and scooped them out. They were "OK" but I seriously had to get that crap out of the water, so i did an entire water change. In the midst of all this I read the packaging had an Expire date of 2016!! I had used some old stuff rather than the new. I have some that's 2019. Well by the time I got them back in their tank, they were at least swimming around, but now ALL three had red streaks in their tails. Not a good sign. But why! Poison? I have read that out of date Tetracycline is not good (it's Minocycline so not the same) but I had to wonder if the rule applied. Goldfish bulging eye Now all 3 were ill and all because one fish had a bulging eye and all I knew to do was treat for Popeye, and Maracyn II was for that. So after reading around, I found that Maracyn (the plain one) (Erythromycin) will help popeye too. So I tried it. I stuck to it and it seemed to be agreeable. But after a few days I saw no real improvement. So I tried Kanaplex and Metroplex. This seemed to actually make a difference. They were more active and less sickly looking. I followed directions to a T. You have to stop for a few days to start another round of doses. I did this 3X and that was enough. I couldn't keep going on with this. All the while I knew I was dealing with practically a new tank that needed cycling. So I was doing water changes regularly and watching the test strips and checked ammonia. All stayed in check. They are in a 36 gallon tank w/Marineland 200 filter, with only a filter pad. I've never used carbon. So that's about this time I discovered this website and I've been working on water quality issues more vigorously since. It's def given them all a big improvement. I've always [...]
Looking forward to our first official 'Give us your fish' to come in; tuesday morning to be exact; donated by an anonymous member. It's progress, along with photos of it's arrival, the acclimation process and placement into its new home will be posted here The fish is healthy before shipping, and hopefully it will arrive in the same shape It's going to be spending its first few weeks in a tub with three relatively new comets. The new fish has just recently lost its tank mate, and may be feeling down because of it. Being stuck in a box for close to a day is more than a little upsetting as well. It should be interesting to see its attitude I'm reasonably certain the new fish is a comet, but not sure of the sex
I visited my dad's friend's 2 outdoor ponds today and here are the parameters: 2700gallon pond, 5.2ft 33 large koi, pond 2 years old: KH 65 GH 20 - 40 Ammonia 0.1 Nitrite 0.1 - 0.3 Nitrate 50+ (under 100) One fish in the large pond has bulging red eyes, another has a big bulge on the side of its body. 770gallon pond, 3.5ft 20 large koi, pond 6 years old: KH 30 GH 20-40 Ammonia 0.1 Nitrite 0.1-0.3 Nitrate 50 He appears to have a problem with high nitrates and low KH and low GH. He had to keep doing water changes to keep nitrates low or they can exceed 100ppm. The ponds are quite full with koi and they swim slowly. Each pond has a small waterfall that brings water down from above and a filtration fixture at the bottom on the pond that sucks debris out to an external canister. The larger pond has a fixture at the bottom of the deep end that can push water upwards with surface action like a pond pump. There are constant low levels of salt (0.12) in the ponds to prevent infection. I've forwarded this site to Dad's friend and linked this blog post to him. Hoping he can followup with you here on how to treat.
Worms aquarium pond are unsightly Worms aquarium pond are unsightly, but if you can see them, they're probably harmless. The two common types of visual worms are planaria (flatworms) and nematodes, which are round and wiggley. Visual worms are can be brought into your fish house by plants or even your hands after digging in a garden. Natural pea gravel which sometimes comes in a muddy bag may be the source. Rinse everything thoroughly before adding to your fish house. Plants should be dipped in salt or bleach water Parasitic worms are difficult to see, unless you have a magnifying glass. They don't survive outside of the intestines for long, although your fish may pass them on occasion if infected. Symptoms of parasitic worms are extreme weight loss, even though plenty of food is available, and the fish eating Fish tank worms Another common worm is the anchor worm. It lives outside of the body, attaching itself to the fish, feeding on it. These worms are visual, but you must look closely to see them Excluding parasitic worms are easily eliminated by feeding our gel food with natural antibiotic or shelled peas marinated in garlic water. Feed nothing else but for 10 days straight to destroy them. Wait for twenty days and repeat. Parasitic worms depend on a slow moving and unhealthy tract to thrive. Feed less food more often, and feed a variety of food that includes vegetables, such as blanched spinach and shelled peas. Feed in a spreading motion so that your fish has to work for its supper. Gorging causes constipation which also leads to bad bacteria infection and floating issues Worms aquarium pond All other types of worms depend on an unhealthy environment to thrive. They prefer water low in mineral and oxygen value Use our Sea salt and garlic remedy to eliminate anchor worms or the Garlic remedy if you've recently salted your fish house. A second, and perhaps even a third round may be required to eliminate hatching larvae Visual worms may be more stubborn, but the same remedies should work if your water quality is improved. Another tip is to reduce the amount of food you feed, which may encourage your fish to eat the worms, although smaller goldfish may not be able to eat worms larger than their mouth. Some fish show no interest, due to the fact they're simple not used to eating live food pH 8. max pH is a combined reading for carbonate mineral (KH) and oxygen. If low, test KH value. If KH is low, buffer to 120 using bicarbonate of soda. Test pH after buffering. If low, remove top if aquarium is enclosed and increase water movement by adding a pond pump KH 120 max Carbonate mineral measures alkalinity, and gives water the ability to support oxygen. This critical mineral should is best kept at the high end of the comfort zone GH 300 max General hardness is a combination of magnesium and calcium, but most [...]
Fish proof aquarium pond to keep them safe Fish proof aquarium pond to keep goldfish and Koi safe hazardous mechanics, sharp fake plants and decorations. Countless a fish will die after being injured by a filter or pump. Water is pulled into a pond pump and then pushed back out in a powerful jet stream that shoots from the floor to the surface creating a fountain. The same holds true for H.O.B filters, only the water is pulled up through a pipe and falls down to the surface creating a water fall effect Goldfish care Only the smallest fish could be pulled through the intake and injured by the blades that push water, however, even not so small fish are at risk if the intake is exposed Every exposed intake must be covered with a sponge for more than one reason. The sponge acts as a filter keeping the water clear and the pond pump running smoothly, however, sponges also protect fish from getting injured. Even the down spout intakes must have sponges Goldfish information Fish proof aquarium pond Use aquarium safe sponges or natural sea sponges. Make certain the entire intake area is well covered. The slightest exposure of the intake could cause injury Use natural pea gravel as a substrate instead of painted pet shop gravel. Painted gravel begins to peel and chip after a few short years; not good for goldfish. Avoid the use of sand, as it irritates gills and harbors bad bacteria The fish is not fooled by the silk plants in the photo below, but friends will be Fish proof aquarium pond Safe goldfish aquarium Plastic plants are popular, however, pointed leaves may be sharp enough to injure the fish. If you prefer fake plants, try silk. The move more fluidly with the motion of the water, looking very real Goldfish House All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand
Feeding Goldfish Koi is fun for the entire family STEP 10 Buy the Books Feeding goldfish Koi is a little more complicated than sprinkling flakes on the water surface once or twice a day. We should be feeding our fish close to the same way and the same foods they would eat in their natural environment. In the wild, goldfish spend most of their time nibbling and grazing; eating food as they come across it. These foods consist mostly of vegetation, fish eggs and small fish. In the wild, food is scarce Competition is fierce in the wild. Fish eggs, small fry and worms are few and far between. Vegetation makes up for the biggest part of their diet because it's plentiful. Because of these habits, goldfish have evolved with stomachs the size of their eye. We could almost say they don't have stomachs. The food they eat digests very quickly, leaving their system within a few short hours Feeding goldfish Feed less more often 4 to 6 times a day The goldfish swim bladder organ is connected to the intestinal tract where carbon dioxide is exchanged. Co2 is a gas created from waste. This gas exchange allows fish to rise or sink at will. Improper feeding leads to an impacted or slow tract, which can trap the gas in the bladder, leading to floating issues Feed less more often to keep the tract moving Offer similar types of food found in their natural habitat. There is no fruit or pork; no beef or chicken, and certainly no dairy products, however, you will find an abundance of vegetation Keep smaller fish separate from larger fish. Goldfish will eat anything they can fit in their mouths including their tank mates Goldfish, just like humans need a varied diet because feeding a limited diet of flakes and pellets leads to an impacted tract, contributing to digestive disorders. Choose a food brand that contains less filler, such as ash. Ash consists of low grade seafood parts: scales and bone used as fillers. Feed less flakes and pellets. Flakes and pellets contain additives. Even though these food products provide the nutrition our fish need, with a little extra labor and a little added expense, our fish could be fed a healthy diet with less processed foods Goldfish care Feeding only once or twice a day causes gorging Bottom dwellers by nature, this is where our fish feel safe from predators. Goldfish eyes are located in a position where it's difficult for them to see below, and because of it, feeding at the surface may cause stress. Most new goldfish keepers make the mistake of sprinkling flakes on the surface. Surface feeding causes fish to gulp air which often leads to air bubbles in their pooh or air bubbles being released through their mouth and gills. Taking in air leads to serious issues that can easily be avoided by feeding properly Feeding goldfish Koi Gather the entire amount of food to be fed in hand. Hold food beneath water surface to moisten. Release in a spreading motion over a large area to [...]
Water Changes reduce nitrates, increase oxygen and mineral value STEP 8 Buy the Books Water changes must be performed frequently to keep oxygen levels up and nitrates down in our goldfish house. We've learned that beneficial bacteria are responsible for the nitrogen cycle. Without these friendly bugs, goldfish would be poisoned by their own waste. Keeping fish safe in captivity would be a challenge if not impossible without this miracle of nature Without the nitrogen cycle, life would not exist as we know it Nitrates are the third and final conversion in the cycle; tolerated by goldfish at low levels. This toxin can only be removed by means of a partial water change. If the environment in your goldfish house cannot support beneficial bacteria, then it will support harmful bacteria. If bad bugs flourish in your tank or pond, your goldfish won't. It's that simple Cleaning goldfish aquarium Exchange less water more often to keep nitrates at consistent levels Water changes Another reason to perform frequent water changes; goldfish emit a growth hormone dangerous at high levels. Goldfish in overstocked tanks are at risk of being poisoned by these hormones which may stunt growth. These same hormones cause cancer, heart disease and even death Add plants to your set up. Plants feed on nitrates keeping levels at bay. There is one plant that forms naturally in the right conditions with no maintenance, and that's algae Fish are at risk of ammonia and or nitrite poisoning if the cycle has not completed If your tank has not cycled, perform daily water changes between 20% to 30% (depending on stocking levels) for the next 8 to 10 weeks. Use water treatment (enough for entire tank size) that eliminates ammonia, nitrite, chlorine and chloramines Refer to Step 5: Water Treatment: to determine recommended dosages required for making conversions Never perform a 100% water change. Along with the bad bacteria and toxins, you'll be throwing out water that provides nourishment for good bacteria also If your tank has cycled perform bi weekly water changes of 10% to 20% depending on stocking levels. Eliminate chlorine or convert chloramines using water treatment if present Water changes aquarium An overstocked tank requires increased amounts of partial water changes Test fish water before every water change; adjust water changes accordingly. The comfort zone is 20 to 40 ppm with the lower end of the scale being preferred; a buffering zone in case of a spike Here are some tips to keep water changes easier Make sure water buckets have strong and secure handles Keep the buckets light so they're easy to carry; don't over fill Take your time. Don't rush through bailing water; slow and steady Keep a towel beneath buckets while removing or adding water Keep filters and pumps in fish water at all times Never use detergents or cleaning agents on goldfish house or equipment Work water over to remove supersaturated gases from tap water Never add water treatment or any other substances directly to goldfish tank Keep a watchful eye on running water from a faucet unattended How [...]