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13 09, 2015

What Not to Do

By | 2019-04-09T09:52:32-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

What Not to Do for Goldfish Buy the book What not to do list is a long one. For as many things as there is to learn what to do, there are just as many things to learn not to do, and here is a list of the most important ones Do not use detergents or cleaning agents on your tank, pond or equipment Do not perform 100% water changes unless for emergency Do not feed your fish breads, meat or dairy products Do not use bottled water Do not raise or lower parameters in more than 3 degree increments Do not clean your pump or filter system; gently rinse in old tank or pond water and only if mechanics slow; Do not use decorations in your tank that have not been approved for aquariums Do not use wood Do not use painted gravel as a substrate Do not use sand as substrate Do not use air stones, bubble wands or air pumps Do not add water treatment or salt without diluting in treated water Do not use chemicals around your aquarium or pond Do not use over the counter medications Do not keep your goldfish in bowls Do not combine medications and salt Do not use treatments that add live bacteria Do not use treatments that eliminate algae Do not use salt in your aquarium for an extended period of time Do not have a bare bottom tank; use natural gravel for a substrate Do not add plants to your aquarium unless it has been approved for goldfish Do not add plants or decorations to your tank that have not been properly cleaned and rinsed Do not house other types of fish with goldfish Do not house your goldfish in tanks or aquariums that are not filtered and aerated Do not keep your goldfish tank in the kitchen or bathroom Do not keep a lid on your tank or aquarium Do not use carbon or charcoal in cycled tanks or ponds Goldfish and Koi 10 Steps to Goldfish and Koi Keeping Author: Brenda Rand

13 09, 2015

Where does your donation go?

By | 2019-03-04T06:44:24-06:00 September 13th, 2015|

Where does your donation go? Ever wonder? Where does your donation go? To support our site and our services, however, even more important, your donation supports the rescue and care of sick goldfish. Just as is important, it goes to the rescue of lost, stray or abandoned cats Please visit and like our facebook page RAND Rescue As the owner of this site, I'm dedicated to teaching the art of goldfish keeping using natural methods close to nature in order to build a healthy ecosystem. I've devoted many years to studying their basic needs, and have mastered diagnosing serious and not so serious issues Goldfish Rescue Along with saving the lives of goldfish, I'm also dedicated to saving the lives of cats. One cat at a time is trapped, taken to a clinic where it is examined, spayed or neutered and treated for parasites or minor ailments. The cat is then placed in a crate for observation. If the cat is feral or deemed unsociable it's released where it was trapped. If the cat is friendly, it's placed up for adoption Show your support by donating. It's a worthy cause, Brenda Rand For the love of cats The cats featured in this book are just some of the cats that have been lucky enough to make it off the streets, and into a home Cat Rescue Where does your donation go? Buy For the Love of Cats   Tips on cat behavior....training....socializing street cats....cat care....cat rescue....natural healthy remedies to promote good a long life....prevent and treat disease and infection Some of these cats have special needs physically and mentally, but most are healthy, and very well adjusted felines. Some of these cats strayed too far from home, and some were abandoned or neglected by their owners. We may never know their past story, but we can help write a happy ending for most of them You can also show your support by buying one of our goldfish books Donate

11 09, 2015

Do Goldfish have Memories?

By | 2020-08-05T14:27:34-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Do Goldfish have Memories or do they easily forget? Buy the book Do goldfish have memories? It's been said that goldfish don't have much when it comes to memory, but if you have kept goldfish for very long, you know this isn't true. Some of the experts say that goldfish can't recognize their goldfish keepers, but this is a myth also Do goldfish recognize their goldfish keepers? My goldfish come to me when I walk over to the tank, but when my friends come to visit, they go into hiding if they get to close. My five year old grandson comes over every couple of weeks, and loves to feed the fish. When we first started this routine, they wouldn't come out of hiding, but now they recognize him, and are very friendly; knowing they're in for a treat. Now that my younger two year old grandson is old enough to feed the fish, they run for cover when he leans over the tank, but I know in time, they'll recognize him too Do goldfish recognize each other? If you've every added a new fish to your tank or pond, you know that your old fish are slow to warm up to the new guy When my old pearlscale became sick, I placed him in a tub for treatment. He remained there for a few months. When the time came to return him to the main tank, all of the fish were happy to see him. His old friend stayed close by his side for several days. The entire group seemed more lively with their old friend back in the tank, and the pearlscale was happy to be back home Not only do goldfish recognize their goldfish keepers, but they remember old friends Do goldfish remember types of food? Have you ever given your goldfish a special treat, such as fresh spinach but they acted as though the food was going to eat them? After a while, the fish gather up the courage to get closer, and finally the bravest goldfish of the group takes the first bite, so the others join in. If your fish liked the spinach, you continue feeding it, but maybe a few months go past until you remember to add it to the grocery list. If this has happened, you probably noticed the fish went right to the spinach, remembering the treat Do goldfish remember objects? As an experiment, add a new decoration to your set up. Your goldfish will probably be nervous about it, avoiding the new item for a few days. Now, wait for a few months, and then remove the decoration. After a few months have passed, add the decoration back in the tank, and you'll notice the fish swim right up to it Yes, goldfish do have memories Goldfish & Koi Articles Author: Brenda Rand

11 09, 2015

Do Goldfish Freak you out

By | 2019-03-17T03:22:46-05:00 September 11th, 2015|

Do goldfish freak you out? If so, you're not alone Buy the book Goldfish are beautiful to watch; so soothing. We love to see them streaking from one end of the aquarium to the other, chasing each other round and round, and there's nothing quite as graceful as a fantail hovering just above the gravel bottom. Their fins are like butterflies in slow motion. Their scales reflect the light, glistening like gemstones Do goldfish freak you out? When they gently nibble on our fingertips as we feed them, or if our hand brushes against their bodies; it's exciting for some of us, but for others, it's a little scary; the touch of a goldfish. Goldfish do have teeth, but they're located in the back of their jaws, so their nibbles can't hurt you Goldfish are slimy to the touch because their bodies are actually coated in slime. This protective coat keeps them safe from bad bacteria in the water If you keep goldfish, there's a good chance the day will come when you'll have to handle one of them. If a goldfish needs to be inspected closely, or if it needs to be force fed, or perhaps if a fish has a piece of gravel stuck in it's throat. Some of us may have a goldfish with a wen, such as Oranda or Lionhead. The wen never stops growing, and at some point and time it may need a trim, which calls for handling. Most of us have friends or family we can call for these occasions, but there could come a time that no one else is available, and a fish needs to be handled, but if you're prepared, you won't freak out Handling goldfish Accidents happen. Tanks have been known to crack or get broken; the fish end up on the floor. Fish have also been known to jump from their tanks during a heated spawning session and other reasons unknown. If you hate the idea of handling your goldfish, you're not alone. Many people have qualms about it Do goldfish freak you out? The best way to get over this fear is to gradually get used to touching your fish. It won't hurt them, and it certainly won't hurt you. You may have read that goldfish have slime coats, and if we touch them, the coat may be compromised, but if your fish are in a healthy environment, there's no risk of infection, and the slime removed by your touch will soon be replaced. You won't see or feel the slime on your finger after touching them, but nonetheless; it's there to protect their bodies from infection Using a net to pick up goldfish Ever picked up a goldfish in a fish net? Most of us have, but we've since learned this isn't the proper method of handing a fish. The fish thrash about in the net, and can injure themselves in the process. The fish should only be out of water if absolutely necessary. It's [...]

13 09, 2015

To Catch a Goldfish

By | 2020-08-06T12:46:23-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

To Catch a Goldfish isn't easy Buy the book To catch a goldfish is no easy task; the smaller the fish, the more difficult the chase. The best method is the surprise attack. Divert their attention by feeding them, and as they are focused on their dinner they will be caught off guard, and easily captured How to use a fish net Small goldfish are really fast, and a fishnet might be necessary to accomplish the feat, however, fishnets have been known to injure goldfish, so once you've caught the fish in the net, leave it below the surface of the water, and use an appropriately sized container (free of contaminants) to scoop the net containing the fish. This method will keep the fish in the water at all times, and also keeps it from flopping around or flailing in the net How to catch a goldfish Or you can use an appropriate sized plastic container (free of contaminants) to scoop them up without using a net. A third method is simply to use your hands (free of contaminants) by gently scooping the fish up with cupped palms Be prepared for a little, or more often than not; a lot of resistance What Not to Do Fish Out of Water All rights reserved Author: Brenda Rand

13 09, 2015

Art of Goldfish Koi Articles

By | 2020-08-05T07:50:28-05:00 September 13th, 2015|

Art of Goldfish Koi Articles are listed below Buy the book Art of goldfish Koi articles were written for you in hopes of affecting the goldfish and Koi industry. As it is, we depend on pet shop medications to keep our fish healthy, however, these chemicals worsen the situation. Sick fish are living in sick water. Healthy fish live in healthy water, although, healthy water isn't obtained by using harsh chemicals The articles listed below contain all of the information you need to keep your goldfish healthy and happy. Start by reading the 10 Steps. In these pages you'll learn the fundamental basics of goldfish care, however, don't stop there; keep on reading for the love of your fish. If you truly respect your fish, you'll want to know more about them The goldfish industry is out to make money. Healthy fish are not profitable. Sick fish are where the money is. It's to their best interest if your fish are sick and dying. Pet shops are selling you aquarium set ups designed for tropical fish. They're selling you fancy, expensive filters that don't do much of anything. Dangerous chemicals line their shelves with false promises of getting your fish well Goldfish keeper Much like the medical industry for people, the goldfish industry doesn't want your fish to be healthy. Don't fall for it. Our goldfish will thrive in a natural environment; it only makes sense. Read the articles and learn how to create an organic ecosystem View the Art of Goldfish Keeping goldfish Be a true goldfish keeper by reading and learning the Art of Goldfish Koi articles What Not to Do Algae the living plant pH Misunderstood Goldfish Koi Ponds Establishing beneficial bacteria Semi Live Fish Free Cycle Fancy Goldfish Placement of Aquariums in Homes Cloudy Water Hospital Tank Setup Goldfish Supersaturated Gases Do you want to be someone that keeps goldfish or a goldfish keeper? Art of goldfish Koi articles All right reserved Author: Brenda Rand

6 10, 2019

Sick Oranda

By | 2019-10-07T05:47:19-05:00 October 6th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Sick Oranda laying on bottom Sick Oranda. Hello everyone. We have 5 goldfish in a 75 gallon tank. 2 of our fish are Orandas….both about 2.5 years old. We do water changes weekly (or more often as needed) and all parameters are spot on...using a master test kit always. About 3 weeks ago, one of the Orandas (Edward) started floating at the top of the tank...like the dead man's float. He's usually active, happy and always moving about. Then, he started laying at the bottom of the tank in an almost comatose state. He only comes out to eat...I hand feed him. While out, he does swim around a little. His wen has grown over his one eye and we're thinking maybe it's the reason he's not hiding and retreating. We've asked everyone at every high end pet store and they all say as long as he's eating not to worry. But, we're very worried and so sad for our little guy. He's really lifeless most of the time. I try to nudge him out and get his to swim about for a little but I don't want to upset him more or scare him. So, yes he's eating and able to swim a little bit but that's it. Any advice would be so much appreciated...we're here at a loss. No fish vets near us or we'd be there. He's obviously very compromised at this point and we're just wanting to get some opinion/advice/suggestion. Ty so much. Sick Oranda

4 07, 2019

My Golden Friend

By | 2020-08-05T15:17:37-05:00 July 4th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Seven years ago now, I brought home my Oranda Goldfish. After finally convincing my parents that I was responsible enough to have a pet fish, my dad and I made our way to Pets at Home, where we purchased all the necessary equipment and proceeded to pick out a fish. Before we could take a fish home- an employee asked us a few questions: how long we’d had the tank set up for, whether it had a filter, and whether we knew about de-chlorination…etc. To my disappointment we were told that we couldn’t take a fish home yet as we were told that the tank has to be set up for at least 3 days before fish can be introduced. I thought 3 days was a long time but If you understand the ins and outs of cycling, you will know that it takes at least a month for the right amount of good bacteria (in relation to how much waste is produced in the aquarium) to colonize the filter media. We were also recommended a product which claims to kick start the cycle. This is the product description from the Pets at Home website: Fluval Biological Enhancer is a responsive biological aquarium supplement that immediately inoculates aquarium water with a powerful team of beneficial bacteria, providing a safe biological habitat for your fish. This is why I believe this product and products like these, are useless: One of the most fundamental things about cycling is: there needs to be a source of ammonia for the bacteria to feed on in the first place! You can’t just plop some good bacteria (that most likely aren’t even alive as I simply do not think they have access to oxygen or food in their bottle!) into some water and expect them to just live off of nothing. Another important thing you should know is: the amount of bacteria matches to the amount of waste produced by the animal(s) in the tank. You can’t cycle your tank for 1 fish and then add more straight away because there will only be enough bacteria to process waste for 1 fish. The fact that pet stores don’t tell you any of this, just highlights how insidious and malign the pet fish industry can be. They spread false information in order to increase their profits. If companies told people, how to  take care of fish properly, more fish would live out their full lifespans, and as a result less customers would have to come back in order to replace their deceased fish at a less frequent rate - but of course, where’s the profit in that?! So, because of this plethora of misinformation, that screws aspiring fish keepers over, for the first 5 years of my fish’s life, the water quality in his tank was BAD, to say the least. Despite this, my sad fish stayed strong and resisted developing health problems until around 2 years ago (other than the cauliflower like growths on his [...]

20 05, 2019

Effects of Phosphates on Goldfish

By | 2019-05-21T06:40:12-05:00 May 20th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Effects of phosphates on goldfish can lead to organ failure In the past I've written about organ failure, and the various substances that lead to the condition, however, I've recently learned that phosphates can also be included on the list. Most of us have phosphorus in our tap water, and most of use tap water as our freshwater source for our fish Phosphates may be higher in some regions due to the mineral being indigenous, however, it's used to create suds in detergents, shampoos and other soaps we use daily, which leads to higher concentrations in our drinking water. Excluding distilled water, most bottled water contains the mineral Organ failure in goldfish Most of the processed fish foods we feed contain some form of phosphates, along with other foods as well, including peas. Peas contain high levels of phosphorus. We knew that peas contained purines, which are hard on the kidneys, but now we have another reason to worry if they are a smart choice. Peas should definitely not be fed as complete diet, as so many do in the industry. I will continue to feed, but in moderation. Peas are leaned on in the industry because they're high in roughage, and assist in keeping the digestive tract healthy Safe phosphorus levels are considered as ranging from 0.005 to 0.05 mg/L I've added this tid bit to my article Poisoning our fish, and have started a list of items found in tap water that could poison our fish. Let me know if you can think of other items to add Most cities have water reports available online Understanding the water your fish live in will help you help them live longer. Some of us have chloramines in our tap water, which is ammonia and chlorine combined. It's not uncommon to find nitrates in some city water, but especially if you're on a well. Old homes with lead or copper pipes could lead to high levels in your tap water; something that may not show on your water report. Allowing the tap to run for 5 minutes before filling the freshwater bucket will help clean most contaminates from the water Water treatment that converts toxins, metals, as well as phosphates are available at most pet shops, although water treatments should be used with caution. The treatments work by bonding to the agent, making it less soluble. This keeps the fish from absorbing the agent into the blood stream If you need help reading your water report, post it here. We learn so much from the information provided by our water service department. You can call them if the information isn't listed. They're glad to help, and most enjoy the chat

15 05, 2019

Lone Fish

By | 2019-05-15T19:31:12-05:00 May 15th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Chat|

I'm amazed by how well Fanny is doing alone in my 50 gal tank. This is the first time in her life (of 8 years) she's been alone and she's active and going about her usual business of picking at the algae scrubber, swimming all over the tank and riding the jets like she hasn't noticed. And she's GROWING! She gets all the food! I don't plan to leave her in there alone forever, but it's nice to see her happy while I figure out what I'm doing.

5 05, 2019

Goldfish trouble

By | 2019-05-11T06:24:22-05:00 May 5th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|Tags: , , , |

Goldfish trouble after moving fish Goldfish trouble first began a few weeks ago when I moved fish from 2 gallon to 5 gallon set up. The new set up has a filtering system, and there is gravel on the bottom. I feed two or three times a day. The fish are each close to 2 1/2" from head to tail. There's no top of the tank. It's a hand me down aquarium and the lid if cracked so I trashed it. I haven't medicated because I don't know what's wrong with the fish. Goldfish trouble I add little salt to the fresh water every time I clean the aquarium, but just a sprinkle. I heard this keeps the water from going bad. I clean the entire aquarium once a month adding fresh water with water treatment that removes chlorine. Trouble with goldfish The fish were happy in the 2 gallon aquarium, but I knew they were growing and needed more space. They were okay for the first week, and now they're quiet and won't eat or swim around. It looks like their colors are fading if that helps. I've tried to take photos but they're blurry and you can't really see the fish very well Both fish are called shubunkins. They're really beautiful, and I'm greatly attached to them, so any help I can get would be much appreciated. I don't have a test kit. Not sure what to get or what I need in that department.

1 05, 2019

Goldfish looking sickly

By | 2019-05-02T05:27:30-05:00 May 1st, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

What are your water parameters GH, KH, pH, temperature, ammonia, nitrite and nitrates? Test kit on order. Describe your set up (size, height, filters and pumps, substrate, decorations) 20 gallon, 18" tall, HOB filter, not sure what substrate is, two plastic plants, clay flower pot for the fish to hide in. How many inches of goldfish do you have collectively? 6" combined from nose to tail. Is your fish house enclosed? Did have a lid, but now removed. What and how often do you feed? I feed twice a day. Describe maintenance routine. I remove and replace 20% of the fish water once a week. Have you used medications or salt recently? I use MelaFix every time I change water. Do you understand the nitrogen cycle? I just read the 10 Steps, and realize I didn't know what it meant. I wonder if this why my fish haven't lived very long. I've never tested nitrates, but I ordered a test kit. Describe behavior and or symptoms. A couple of my fish spend a lot of time at the surface, and one spends most of her time on the bottom. How long have you had your fish and or fish house set up? I've had the aquarium set up for three years, but lost all of my fish over a year ago, and have replaced them. I read the 10 steps to goldfish keeping, and was astounded at the stuff I didn't know. I opened the top of my aquarium up so it is now getting air at the surface. I bought a pH test kit, and it says either 7.2 or 7.4 ppm. Is that okay? I ordered a test kit online for ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. I will test these when it arrives and post again. I've also bought a 150 pond pump online. Thanks for any advice you can offer, Jenny

28 04, 2019

Algae

By | 2019-04-28T19:32:35-05:00 April 28th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Hi Venus, I caught the goldfish eating algae. It's back, too. Like a vengeance. Some spots are brown some are green. I looked to see if it actually got some and it sure did. Fishes are doing great, thanks to your support. I always try to tell people about the pump. Nobody seems to bite, or be interested. I feel like it's a key component. The toads did not get their glory. I drained the pond. It was just about time to lay eggs so I just had to nip it in the bud. Feel bad cuz I know they like it, but too many babies jumping around for months while we tip toe. For the algae, should I just leave it on the back wall and side and keep the front clear? Does algae put out anything bad? or change water conditions? Should I get some plants. Was reading that Elodea and Anacharis are good ones. I've pretty much given up on flakes because I think it's constipates them. Was feeding peas for a week straight until my all orange one stopped swimming funky, like swim bladder problems. She is blind, or prob just can't see well, so she always goes to the top for food and gulps a lot of air. Started happening after her eyesight went. I think it's in one eye only. Looks silvery inside the pupil. I dunk my food and swoosh my hand around, so eventually she goes to the bottom looking for food. She will eat out of my pinched fingers when i feed peas though. This always seems to clear up the swim pattern like floats coming on. I think I'll only use the food as a treat. But I need more food ideas. Any suggestions? Thank you!

20 04, 2019

Jonesing

By | 2019-04-20T14:29:47-05:00 April 20th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

I'm going through fancy goldfish withdrawl. lol I've lost all the fancies I've bought over the last 5 years or so. None of them lived two years in my tank, although I tried to be the best fish keeper I could be. There have been seven or so of them; all beautiful, all very expensive and all of them now buried in my garden. I've used natural methods and, when desperate, have resorted to antibiotics; all to no avail. I've tried buying from different breeders. I lost my last one, a stunning oranda, about a month ago; to the same kind of dropsy-like symptoms most of them died of. Didn't even have him 9 months. My dime store fantails, on the other hand, have all lived for at least 5 years. I have one remaining and she is 8. So when the oranda died, I made the decision to give up on the fancies. Maybe someday, when I have a ginormous tank of 150 gals or more, I'll try them again, but otherwise, it's the hardier varieties for me. It's a hard habit to break, however and I'm jonesing for another fancy. I have to keep reminding myself of why I'm not getting another one. So, right now, it's just my little orange fantail in my 50 gal tank. I've been looking for another fantail to keep her company. The problem is that they're all so small - fry basically - in the stores and online. She's about 5 inches, nose to end of tail and I don't want her to eat the company. lol I did see some larger fantails online, but they were $80. No thank you. That's part of my new decision - no more very expensive fish. So, if anyone knows of a cheap source of 4 inch fantails, please let me know.

16 04, 2019

Goldfish with I think empacted eggs

By | 2019-05-07T04:53:52-05:00 April 16th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

I have a 240 gal tank with 4 fancies, 2 boys 2 girls. Before Christmas one of the girls was experiencing buoyancy problems floating 45' with tail up, this went away then soon after I found some baby fry. I didn't see the eggs I guess most were eaten. I now have 2 baby goldfish in a separate 90 gal tank and they are doing very well and growing quickly. Not long after the girl started to get the same 45' floating and was also being harassed by the boys (spots on gills) so I guessed she had another load of eggs. But since then her problems have been getting worst and worse. she started bulging on one side and starting to sink. Now she is mostly lying on the bottom of the tank. she can wiggle swim a little when she wants, but other wise just lays there. She has a protruding lump one side that's fairly firm to the touch. She kept being hassled by the boys even in this state, and nothing happened, so I have moved her into the tank with the babies. A, N and N all 0, PH 7.5. external filter on the large tank. Feed adults Japan gold, peas and bloodworms, Babies are on liquify powder and no 1, first bites and baby daphnia. I'm doing weekly 1/3 water changes on both tanks. Any suggestions very welcome on how to treat her. Blink

10 04, 2019

Nitrogen Cycle

By | 2020-08-05T11:54:15-05:00 April 10th, 2019|Categories: Goldfish Koi Maintenance|

Nitrogen cycle explained in depth STEP 2 Buy the Book Nitrogen cycle explained covers the event from beginning to end. The cycle is vital to the well being of our fish, and if you don't understand it, your fish are at risk of being poisoned. Goldfish produce a tremendous amount of waste which converts to ammonia in a very short time. Ammonia is extremely toxic to goldfish, but thankfully, beneficial bacteria guard the front lines, soldiers with a cause. Friendly bugs have a voracious appetite for ammonia. The smallest amount of ammonia can quickly poison goldfish. This toxin must be removed by means of a freshwater change and converted with water treatment unless beneficial bacteria are present Ammonia is the first toxin to convert in the nitrogen cycle Nitrites, the second toxin to convert in the nitrogen cycle, is also toxic to goldfish. Nitrites are being produced by one type of beneficial bacteria as another type forms to feed on it, converting it into nitrates. Closely related, both toxins are created by living organisms Healthy fish live in healthy water Nitrates are the third and final toxin to form in the nitrogen cycle. This toxin can only be removed from the water by means of a partial water change or by using water treatment, however, a thick lining of algae on the side of your tank will also share in the responsibility of removing the gentle giant. Algae forms naturally in a cycled tank or pond, making for an almost perfect ecosystem Creating a perfect union, the friendly bugs will keep growing in numbers, matching the amount of waste created Beneficial bacteria The life span of a friendly bacterium is 2 to 4 months, taking 10 ro 12 hours to reproduce. Friendly bugs require ammonia created from waste that contain enzymes as their food source. Only waste produced by living creatures contain enzymes. We refer to this ammonia as ionized Enzymes the building blocks of life Nitrates in tap water Nitrate the gentle giant We think of the nitrogen cycle as being complete when only nitrates are present, but in a natural body of water, little if any nitrates would be measurable. This is because other microorganisms called diatoms appear when nitrates are present, feeding on the so called final toxin in the nitrogen cycle Nitrogen cycle explained These diatoms are what we call algae; the living plant. Algae is a very important part of the cycle, feeding on nitrates, reducing levels. Nitrates provide a valuable food source for fish, who then in turn make waste that converts to ammonia, starting the cycle again. The circle of aqua life Algae the living plant Plants absorb Co2 (carbon dioxide) from water freeing it for oxygen to enter, although, the same plant releases Co2 at night. Thankfully, being diurnal, goldfish sleep in the dark of night. It's a myth that plants produce oxygen What are friendly bugs? There are two kinds of bacteria in a goldfish tank or pond; the beneficial and the harmful. Bad bugs are everywhere just waiting for an opportunity to multiply. Good [...]

22 03, 2019

Goldfish Koi Maintenance

By | 2021-05-10T14:57:49-05:00 March 22nd, 2019|Categories: Default Category|

Goldfish Koi Maintenance and more Goldfish Koi maintenance and care is a topic that is widely discussed, and everyone seems to have a different opinion. Goldfish have a reputation of being easy to keep. Buy a bowl, fish flakes, and you're good to go, however, such is not the case. No matter what type of fish you keep, it is a challenging hobby. Every type of fish have specific requirements for water temperature, pH and mineral value. In order to keep them healthy, you must learn everything you can Goldfish Koi maintenance GFE practices organic methods of fish keeping, and hopes to share the knowledge collected over the years with other fish keepers. The industry pushes chemicals at us from right and left. The pet shop shelves are lined with dangerous water treatments and medicines, however, most of these products are useless and unnecessary. Our fish came from the rivers of China. There are no chemicals in these waters to keep them healthy; only oxygenated water with healthy mineral value Koi goldfish care What does it take to keep goldfish and Koi thriving? Read the 10 Steps to find out, and if you still have questions, concerns, post here to discuss, share or ask questions Return to gfe FORUM blog Scroll down to view other posts in Goldfish Koi Maintenance category

4 10, 2018

Back to the basics. Need help with sick fish.. Here is the full story.

By | 2019-04-01T07:13:10-05:00 October 4th, 2018|Categories: Goldfish Koi Health Issues|

Please help. I have had goldfish most of my life with little to no problems. Boy was I lucky….  7 years ago I moved out to the middle of Wisconsin farm country.  I had a few near tragedies over first few years.  Then out of nowhere in 2016 my largest comet’s veins in his tail turn bright red and he curls up.  I tried many water changes, staying up late at night etc.  I eventually put him out of his misery much to my own misery.  I brought water from the tank to be tested at the pet shop when I first noticed the sickness.  They said it was high nitrates.  I eventually tested my water from the tap and the aquarium specimen side by side.  I was unable to discern one from the other!  My tap water has high nitrates. After I lost that goldfish I sent a water sample from the faucet into the University of Wisconsin Stevens Point. Here are the results of that test: This is the most recent data I have for the quality of my tap water. I reached out via the contact link on this page. Here is a rundown of my operation.  I have lost my way and need some help.  Starting with the basics. I have 1 sarassa comet (approx. 16”) 1 Common goldfish (approx. 12”) along with a black moor I also have a brushy nose Plecostomus and a regular one too. 5 fish total.  This is them on any given day https://youtu.be/Y9nssIWrJ-E All these guys live in an 210 gallon All Glass brand aquarium with dual over flows. I have approximately 2-3 inches of small rock substrate (similar size to coarse rock salt) a few decorative rocks, an old stump, and a single strand of a broad leafy plant (alive) but unknown type at the time of this writing.  I have used salt in the past (as directed on the API brand container) but got away from its use, and am now back using it. I have 2 Fluval FX5 canister filters doing my hard work. In each of those canisters has all of the original foam filters.  Each of the 3 baskets in each filter has a decent sized mesh bag of Seachem Matrix bio media stones.  Due to the high nitrates in the water I have used a total of 4 pouches of Seachem Purigen (2 in each filter).  I rely on the agitation across the surface from the pump output for oxygenation.  That is it for filtration. I have a LED light bar that I set on a timer for evening light for a handful of hours. The tank is in the basement and stay nice and warm in the winter and cool in the summer. I maintain great natural temperature year round. Cleaning- I have got behind before in this department. The tank has never appeared green, cloudy, or gross at all.  Please do not judge….but when our 3rd child was born I went [...]

4 06, 2018

Goldfish Bulging Bleeding Eye

By | 2020-08-05T09:00:01-05:00 June 4th, 2018|

Goldfish bulging bleeding eye more common than you think Goldfish bulging bleeding eye is common due to lack of knowledge in the industry. If you've kept goldfish for very long, you may have experienced pop eye first hand. Pop eye is more common in goldfish than you might think. The condition is irreversible, and the vision is impaired if not lost permanently in survivors. In some cases the eye ball deteriorates and eventually rots away, leaving the fish blind There are many one eyed goldfish in the world, and some missing both eyes. Fish have evolved to live and breathe in water. They take water in through the mouth, and then push it through the gills. As the water passes over an organ called rake, located in the inner gill, oxygen is absorbed directly into the blood stream. Goldfish don't have lungs like most animals Goldfish bulging bleeding eye When the blood loses oxygen the organs become stressed and function poorly. The fish is at risk of organ failure and infection of the blood, septicemia. Lack of oxygen in the blood stream may very well be blamed for countless conditions that our fish suffer from, including nitrate poisoning. Nitrates rob the blood of oxygen, and fish subjected to nitrate poisoning living in water low in oxygen will likely die, unlike a fish in freshwater, able to recover once the nitrate levels are lowered Heavily oxygenated water is the greatest preventative for almost every condition that plagues our goldfish and Koi as well. Even though ponds have a greater chance of having healthy O2 levels due to the surfaces being broad compared to the body of water and being exposed to fresh air, unlike indoor aquariums Goldfish bulging eye Some types of goldfish are more susceptible than others. Moors or telescopes have been bred to encourage the bug eye feature, however, no freshwater fish is untouchable by the condition. This is because all freshwater fish need water rich in minerals; rich in oxygen When oxygen levels drop, pressure builds in the fish's body. This same pressure is often responsible for bulging eyes. Swelling may be caused by fluid building up in the eye; causes unknown to me In some cases, the eye bleeds, and in some cases the eye rots away after the fact Some of the experts say bad bacteria can be the cause. In most cases where bad bacteria is present, oxygen levels are low. Bad bacteria cannot tolerate oxygen, so making certain your fish house water is properly oxygenated is the key to a healthy environment. Low oxygen levels are indirectly related to the condition, making it a preventable one Goldfish bulging bleeding eye In some cases the oxygen levels lower gradually, causing one or both eyes to swell gradually as well. The condition may go unnoticed for a long period of time, especially in fish with large eyes. Sadly, there's little that can be done for these goldfish besides providing a healthy environment. These fish are prone to bad [...]

4 06, 2018

Goldfish Bulging Eye

By | 2020-08-06T03:32:50-05:00 June 4th, 2018|

Goldfish bulging eye or pop eye Goldfish bulging eye or Pop eye is common due to lack of knowledge in the industry. If you've kept goldfish for very long, you may have experienced pop eye first hand. Pop eye is more common in goldfish than you might think. The condition is irreversible, and the vision is impaired if not lost permanently in survivors. In some cases the eye ball deteriorates and eventually rots away, leaving the fish blind There are many one eyed goldfish in the world, and some missing both eyes. Fish have evolved to live and breathe in water. They take water in through the mouth, and then push it through the gills. As the water passes over an organ called rake, located in the inner gill, oxygen is absorbed directly into the blood stream. Goldfish don't have lungs like most animals Pop eye goldfish When the blood loses oxygen the organs become stressed and function poorly. The fish is at risk of organ failure and infection of the blood, septicemia. Lack of oxygen in the blood stream may very well be blamed for countless conditions that our fish suffer from, including nitrate poisoning. Nitrates rob the blood of oxygen, and fish subjected to nitrate poisoning living in water low in oxygen will likely die, unlike a fish in freshwater, able to recover once the nitrate levels are lowered Heavily oxygenated water is the greatest preventative for almost every condition that plagues our goldfish and Koi as well. Even though ponds have a greater chance of having healthy O2 levels due to the surfaces being broad compared to the body of water and being exposed to fresh air, unlike indoor aquariums Goldfish bulging eye Some types of goldfish are more susceptible than others. Moors or telescopes have been bred to encourage the bug eye feature, however, no freshwater fish is untouchable by the condition. This is because all freshwater fish need water rich in minerals; rich in oxygen When oxygen levels drop, pressure builds in the fish's body. This same pressure is often responsible for bulging eyes. Swelling may be caused by fluid building up in the eye; causes unknown to me In some cases, the eye bleeds, and in some cases the eye rots away after the fact Some of the experts say bad bacteria can be the cause. In most cases where bad bacteria is present, oxygen levels are low. Bad bacteria cannot tolerate oxygen, so making certain your fish house water is properly oxygenated is the key to a healthy environment. Low oxygen levels are indirectly related to the condition, making it a preventable one Goldfish bulging eye In some cases the oxygen levels lower gradually, causing one or both eyes to swell gradually as well. The condition may go unnoticed for a long period of time, especially in fish with large eyes. Sadly, there's little that can be done for these goldfish besides providing a healthy environment. These fish are prone to bad bacteria after [...]

2 06, 2018

Diagnose Goldfish Symptoms

By | 2020-08-05T09:00:37-05:00 June 2nd, 2018|

Diagnose goldfish symptoms and treat Buy the book Diagnose goldfish symptoms and treat by improving water quality and using natural remedies. Tested tried and true, our method of goldfish and Koi keeping brings sick fish back to health If your fish is in distress, follow this link to the 911 life saving water change before you do anything else Natural Health Remedies Anything wrong with your goldfish very likely is related to its environment or care Study the 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping Have you recently medicated your goldfish tank? If you haven't already, do not medicate. Typically, in most cases medications do more harm than good, killing the friendly bacteria in your tank or aquarium. If your fish is sick, the water in your fish house could be to blame. Using medications could push it over the edge. With the proper care and nutrition most of these conditions or issues can be conquered naturally as the water's immune system is raised along with that of the fish Help your fish by helping yourself to our diagnose and treat section, or create a post in our gfe FORUM blog or contact our HOTLINE Scroll down to diagnose symptoms and treat by clicking related headings and photos If you can't find matching symptoms, post in our forum for assistance, and maybe we can help Ammonia Poisoning Symptoms: Clamped fins; white marks; black marks; swollen gills These fish have their fins clamped tight to their bodies in an effort to reduce the burning sensation caused by ammonia or carbonate mineral burns To learn more click on the link below Goldfish turning white TEST ammonia (zero is the goal) TEST KH (not to exceed 120 ppm)  Fish that have suffered burns may experience swelling in the gills, reducing their oxygen intake This previously all orange fish was in water with high ammonia levels, and was severely burned It's water conditions were poor, and it had little protective slime coat, leaving it at a higher risk The black marks are healing burns _______________________________________________________ Nitrite Poisoning Symptoms: Red streaks in tail fin, spider veining throughout body; spitting food; spasms TEST nitrites (zero is the goal) Fish that has suffered nitrite poisoning my have spasms and or spitting food Click here to learn more Red patches goldfish Broken blood vessels on body are also symptoms nitrite poisoning ________________________________________________________ Nitrate Poisoning Symptoms: bent or curled positioning, pressed to bottom; bottom sitting; lack of appetite Nitrate poisoning symptoms This fish's body is curled due to the effects of nitrates, in the final stages TEST nitrates (10 to 20 ppm is the goal) Do not perform a large water change or move fish exhibiting symptoms Fish that have suffered nitrate poisoning may lose their appetite, may bottom sit, and then gradually curl to one side as the condition worsens This fish is laying heavily on the bottom because the nitrate levels were reduced too quickly when a large and sudden water change was performed, causing nitrate shock To learn more, click [...]

31 05, 2018

Isolation Tank

By | 2020-08-06T02:58:50-05:00 May 31st, 2018|

Isolation Tank for Goldfish Koi Buy the book Isolation tank should only be used if the fish house water quality is compromised. Most goldfish or Koi are sick due to poor water quality, not disease. A mistake some goldfish keepers make is placing the sick fish in a hospital tank to avoid infection If the goldfish keeper isn't keeping the main tank well, there is little hope the hospital tank will be kept any better. Most of these tanks are set up with bubblers or air pumps which do not oxygenate the water. Most of these tanks will have ammonia present within two to three days, and the fish's condition will worsen and then it will die Hospital tank setup goldfish Koi The Koi in this hospital tank setup goldfish and Koi was moved from its pond due to a floating issue, making is vulnerable to predators. It won't live long in this water. It's filled with supersaturated gases; the fish unable to breathe Quarantine Tank goldfish New goldfish are often placed in quarantine, and these set ups are typically the same. The fish is subjected to ammonia. The water is low in oxygen. The goldfish keeper is unaware, believing the new fish was infected or diseased Warning: Goldfish that have suffered from nitrate poisoning or shock need deep water. Nitrates should be kept at 10 to 20 ppm at all times. This is especially important for goldfish in shallow water New fish should be added to the main tank or pond after purchase, but only after acclimating them properly and a salt bath performed. If a garlic or salt treatment is in process in the main tank or pond, none of the old fish will be at risk of infection from parasites Transmittable disease in the goldfish industry is rare Isolation tank setup goldfish  The best way to avoid the risk of infection is to create a healthy ecosystem in the main tank or pond, so all of the fish have healthy immune systems. Healthy water makes for healthy goldfish Isolation Tanks A goldfish that has been injured or a goldfish experiencing swimming issues may not be able to navigate the current in a typical set up, and may require isolation because of it. If an older female is in need of estrogen remedy, treating in an isolation tank will keep the other fish that don't need estrogen safe. The same is true for a fish requiring antibiotics. Antibiotics destroy bad bacteria, although the chemicals also destroy good bacteria in the tank or pond and the fish as well, lowering the immune system or even destroying it. If you're certain your fish needs antibiotics, it should be medicated in isolation, however most fish will benefit more by using natural remedies, which can and should be administered in house so the entire school and the ecosystem as well can benefit natural health remedies Goldfish with floating issues prefer shallow water How to set up a hospital tank If you find it necessary to [...]

30 05, 2018

Organic Fish Keeping

By | 2020-08-05T21:44:49-05:00 May 30th, 2018|

Organic Fish Keeping Buy the book Organic Fish Keeping isn't easy to do with our pet shop shelves filled with chemicals. We've been brain washed to believe that they are the solution from just about anything that ails our fish. If the industry knows the real story, they're not sharing it. Most every ailment our fish suffer from has to do with poor water quality, improper maintenance and feeding. A quick fix, the so called medicines sold at the pet shop all too often push fish over the edge Low oxygen levels are the direct cause of bad bacteria infection. A fish can only be as healthy as the water it lives in. Improve the health of the water; improve the health of the fish Follow the 10 Steps to Goldfish Koi Keeping, and your fish will thrive in the healthy environment you create The friendly bacteria that create the nitrogen cycle are even more delicate than our fish. The chemical medications added to their fish house may weaken their colonies, causing a spike, or worse, the cycle to break When the ecosystem is healthy, your fish will be healthy. You won't be tempted to add dangerous additives to your fish house if you're on a well that is. If you live in the city, the water is chlorinated to destroy bad bugs in your drinking water. Most all fish keepers know that chlorine must be converted by the use of water treatment Once you've created a healthy ecosystem, avoiding the use of chemical medication is easy, because they're unnecessary. Avoiding the use of water treatment may prove to be more difficult Have you ever wondered what's in water treatment? If you've ever used it, you've gotten a whiff of what smells like sulfur, and that's because these water treatment contain sulfur dioxide, an irritating toxin.These treatments also contain fisulfite, metabisulfite and sulfite derivatives used for dechlorination, resulting in adverse effects on aquatic life by lowering oxygen levels, leading to a drop pH, not to mention the effect the chemicals may have on our fish Chlorine verses chloramines The lesser of two evils, we're glad to have it when a spike occurs in our cycled tanks or ponds, or as the cycle becomes established, but do we have to use it for our regular water changes? In a cycled tank or pond, only chlorine and or chloramines are being eliminated with the use of water treatment Water treatment free We don't know what long term damage water treatment can cause, but the fact is, the chemicals used in the substance are not a part of a natural environment. Us and our goldfish would be all the healthier without their use There have been many cases of goldfish poisoning where the source could not be traced, and some cases directly related, but most of these cases were due to the fact the fish keeper didn't follow or understand its use Alternative to water treatment Oxygen destroys chlorine, however, it does not [...]

30 05, 2018

Cloudy Goldfish Water

By | 2020-08-05T05:44:08-05:00 May 30th, 2018|

Cloudy Goldfish Water could indicate one of a few things Buy the book Cloudy goldfish water may be a bacteria bloom; bad bacteria. These clouds are whitish in color, and indicate the ecosystem isn't healthy. A cloud could be caused by spawning activity, and if this is the case, the cloud will clear in a short time. The cloud will be accompanied by a fresh fishy odor. Clouds are sometimes caused by supersaturated gases found in freshwater, caused by pressure. SSG are concentrated amounts of oxygen found in tap water. These tiny bubbles float freely in the water causing a cloud, however, they also cling to the decorations; gravel; tank walls and even worse....your goldfish Learn about supersaturated gases When a cloud comes and doesn't go away; the pump isn't delivering enough of the right kind of action, no matter the cause What causes cloudy water? Cloudy Water Yellowish or greenish colored clouds are caused by algae forming in a new set up; called an algae bloom. Algae forms as the nitrogen cycle completes and nitrate levels climb. If there's not enough water movement, algae continues to float freely in the water; deepening in color and consistency; called green water algae. Free floating algae takes up space in the water, keeping oxygen from enter, and although algae is welcome in every goldfish house, only the right kind, which is substrate algae Learn about algae living plant Fish water cloudy Water rich in oxygen destroys the bad bacteria that cloud water Waste is heavy and settles to the bottom of the tank in a short time. We use a gravel vacuum to remove accumulated waste and sponges to collect what the vacuum doesn't. Goldfish waste is easily stirred up by their search for food. This causes a cloud in the water, however, only for a short while. These types of clouds are typically close to the same color as the food that the fish are being fed Is cloudy water dangerous to goldfish? Clouded water indicates oxygen levels are low. You may see the fish at the surface gasping for air; not good Eliminating white clouds Increase the movement of water and in the process, discourage clouds. Expose the surface water to fresh air by removing the top. Wrap thick sponges around the intakes of your pond pumps. Rinse the sponges with every water change. No matter the cause of a cloud, the proper set up and maintenance will eliminate it White clouds are caused by bad bacteria free floating in the water. We call this a bacteria bloom as seen in the photo Notice the insignificant amount of surface movement; the water almost stagnant Use Oop Boost to increase the oxygen levels in your fish house water Step 6: Oxygenated Water Step 7: Pond Pumps All rights Author: Brenda Rand

29 05, 2018

Aquarium Placement

By | 2020-08-07T13:25:38-05:00 May 29th, 2018|

Aquarium placement in your home Buy the book Aquarium placement in homes is important. If your home has a concrete slab floor, finding the perfect spot for a large goldfish tank or aquarium is easy, and shouldn't cause any damage to your flooring, wherever you choose to place it, but if your home has a crawl space with wooden floor joists, the tank should be located in a manner that won't stress the structural members or joists, which may cause sagging or worse, a collapsed floor. Locate your tank or aquarium in a position so that the load is equally distributed among floor joists as shown in the diagram below Where to locate aquarium Take a peek through one of your access doors to get an idea of the layout of the floor joists, trusses or wood members. Make a note of which direction these members are running or spanning. Shine a flashlight to see which walls in your home have support, such as concrete foundation walls or pillars below framed walls; these are load bearing walls which will easily carry an additional load If the floor joists are enclosed due to a lower level below, you can use a marble or water to determine which direction the the joists are running. Over time, joists sag slightly. The direction the marble or water runs is the same direction the joists run Aquarium placement Place your tank or aquarium running the opposite direction of the floor joists so that the tank is sitting on several members instead of just one or two joists; this distributes the load If you're unsure of which walls are load bearing, then place your tank on an exterior wall. All exterior walls are load bearing Placement of aquariums in homes Step 1: Goldfish Housing All rights Author: Brenda Rand

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